Officials may increase the technical complexity of public sector projects to conceal or pave the way for such dealings, thus further distorting investment. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame ! Seeking to harm enemies becomes corruption when official powers are illegitimately used as means to this end. 3 letter words In some developing nations, up to half of the population has paid bribes during the past 12 months.[10]. He is reputed to have stolen some US$3–4 billion.  |  [20], There is the counter point, however, that industries with an oligarchy of companies can be quite corrupt, with collusive price-fixing, pressuring dependent businesses, etc., and only by having a portion of the market owned by someone other than that oligarchy, i.e. Lack of measurement of corruption. Zimbabwe. Political corruption synonyms, Political corruption pronunciation, Political corruption translation, English dictionary definition of Political corruption. 2. Company Information Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites ! For example, suppose that a politician is in charge of choosing how to spend some public funds. Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Lack of investigative reporting in the local media. These second wave projects aim not to create awareness, but to create policy change via targeting resources more effectively and creating checklists toward incremental reform. Patronage refers to favoring supporters, for example with government employment. For example, trumped-up charges are often brought up against journalists or writers who bring up politically sensitive issues, such as a politician's acceptance of bribes. Active bribery can be defined for instance as the promising, offering or giving by any person, directly or indirectly, of any undue advantage [to any public official], for himself or herself or for anyone else, for him or her to act or refrain from acting in the exercise of his or her functions. Arndt, Christiane and Charles Oman (2006). Violation of these laws rights enables … Government licenses needed to conduct business, e.g.. Long-time work in the same position may create relationships inside and outside the government which encourage and help conceal corruption and favoritism. Synonyms: debased, debauched, decadent… Antonyms: pure, uncorrupt, uncorrupted… Find the right word. The Corruption Perceptions Index is the best known of these metrics, though it has drawn much criticism[35][36][37] and may be declining in influence. Venal or dishonest: a corrupt mayor. They also may be prevented from running in future elections. In Nigeria, for example, more than $400 billion was stolen from the treasury by Nigeria's leaders between 1960 and 1999. Openly removing costly and lengthy regulations are better than covertly allowing them to be bypassed by using bribes. "[39] While the definition itself is fairly precise, the data aggregated into the Worldwide Governance Indicators is based on any available polling: questions range from "is corruption a serious problem?" [34] While "corruption" indices first appeared in 1995 with the Corruption Perceptions Index CPI, all of these metrics address different proxies for corruption, such as public perceptions of the extent of the problem. Corrupt: having or showing lowered moral character or standards. Venal or dishonest: a corrupt mayor. Typically, the word calls to mind political corruption, which could refer to a politician who, rather than letting the voters decide to elect him, will bribe and steal his way into office. A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. It is said that usage of the term kleptocracy gained popularity largely in response to a need to accurately describe Mobutu's regime. Synonyms: breakdown, decay, decomposition… Antonyms: morality, virtue… Find the right word.  | Last modifications, Copyright © 2012 sensagent Corporation: Online Encyclopedia, Thesaurus, Dictionary definitions and more. no financial incentive). Corruption: the process by which dead organic matter separates into simpler substances. Political corruption synonyms, Political corruption pronunciation, Political corruption translation, English dictionary definition of Political corruption. Political corruption means the abuse of political power by the government leaders to extract and accumulate for private enrichment, and to use politically corrupt means to maintain their hold on power. The same applies to social rights worker protection, unionization prevention, and child labor. See more. The major cause of concern is that corruption is weakening the political body and damaging the supreme importance of the law governing the society. Even legal measures such as these have been argued to be legalized corruption, in that they often favor the political status quo. Most English definitions are provided by WordNet . An act done with an intent to give some advantage inconsistent with official duty and the rights of others. Sik, Endre (2002). We've arranged the synonyms in length order so that they are easier to find. It’s used to describe the betrayal of public trust for private gain. An early, well-known use of the term was by Theodore Roosevelt (TR): An illustrative example of official involvement in organized crime can be found from 1920s and 1930s Shanghai, where Huang Jinrong was a police chief in the French concession, while simultaneously being a gang boss and co-operating with Du Yuesheng, the local gang ringleader. Axel Dreher, Christos Kotsogiannis, Steve McCorriston (2004). One of the most common forms of corruption throughout history is nepotism, a word derived from the Latin for “nephew”. A corrupt politician is one … ", http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/thereporters/soutikbiswas/2011/01/is_india_sliding_into_a.html, http://www.rediff.com/news/column/the-gandhi-dynasty-politics-as-usual/20110805.htm, http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/sachs110, "Nigeria's corruption totals $400 billion", http://web.archive.org/web/20071211033642/http://web.archive.org/web/20071211033642/http://www.malaysia-today.net/Blog-e/2005/06/nigerias-corruption-totals-400-billion.htm, "Fidel Castro net worth rises, according to 'Forbes'", http://www.usatoday.com/money/2006-05-04-castro_x.htm, "Ben Shapiro :: Townhall.com :: The death of Fidel Castro", http://www.townhall.com/columnists/BenShapiro/2006/08/02/the_death_of_fidel_castro, "Mobile Phones and Radios Combat Corruption in Burundi – Voices from Emerging Markets", http://voicesfromemergingmarkets.com/?p=19, http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/Commun/QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=173&CL=ENG, http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=174&CM=1&DF=7/18/2008&CL=ENG, http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=191&CM=1&DF=7/18/2008&CL=ENG, http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/greco/documents/Resolution(97)24_EN.pdf, http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/greco/documents/Rec(2000)10_EN.pdf, http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/greco/general/Rec(2003)4_EN.pdf, http://commons.globalintegrity.org/2008/09/users-guide-to-measuring-corruption.html, "Media citing Transparency International", http://www.google.com/trends?q=Transparency+International&ctab=-1&geo=all&date=all, "A Decade of Measuring the Quality of Governance", http://web.archive.org/web/20080527211855/http://web.archive.org/web/20080527211855/http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi2007/pdf/booklet_decade_of_measuring_governance.pdf, "The Global Integrity Report | Global Integrity", "The Global Integrity Report: 2009 Methodology White Paper", http://report.globalintegrity.org/methodology/whitepaper.cfm, http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/investigate/corruption, Corruption Around the World: Evidence from a Structural Model, Trading in influence and Lobbying in the Spanish Criminal Code, Bribery and Extortion: Undermining Business, Governments and Security, On Tackling Corruption: A Non-Economist's View, UNODC – United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime – on corruption. … [22], More recently, articles in various financial periodicals, most notably Forbes magazine, have pointed to Fidel Castro, General Secretary of the Republic of Cuba since 1959, of likely being the beneficiary of up to $900 million, based on "his control" of state-owned companies. If you need other … We are sharing answer for NYT Mini Crossword of July 7 2020 for clue “Political corruption“ that we published below. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Measuring corruption statistically is difficult if not impossible due to the illicit nature of the transaction and imprecise definitions of corruption. ○   Anagrams Electoral fraud is illegal interference with the process of an election. For example, if $1,000 is embezzled from a local agency that has $2,000 funds, it is easier to notice than from a national agency with $2,000,000 funds. Contact Us They often talk about how crooked politicians have become, and how the government needs a complete overhaul. Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more. "Measuring the Immeasurable: Boundaries and Functions of (Macro) Corruption Indices," in Measuring Corruption, Charles Sampford, Arthur Shacklock, Carmel Connors, and Fredrik Galtung, Eds. Examples are endless. Political corruption is worst in India. Another word for corruption. Mr. Kenny was arrested in July when 44 people were detained as part of a political-corruption and money-laundering probe. Some examples are most of the Dravidian parties of south India and also the Congress party, which is one of the two major political parties in India. The ability to command such influence, coupled with the granting of such favored treatment, gives rise to a perceived risk to clean elections and honest governance. [24], There are two methods of corruption of the judiciary: the state (through budget planning and various privileges), and the private. This encouraged officials to stash their wealth abroad, out of reach of any future expropriation. Political corruption synonyms. A vocabulary list featuring 100 words associated with political scandal. While media have reported widely the grand corruption that accompanied the sales, studies have argued that in addition to increased operating efficiency, daily petty corruption is, or would be, larger without privatization, and that corruption is more prevalent in non-privatized sectors. Another classic case is Nigeria, especially under the rule of General Sani Abacha who was de facto president of Nigeria from 1993 until his death in 1998. (1970). An illegal act by an officeholder constitutes political corruption only if the act is directly related to their official duties, is done under color of law or involves trading in influence. Corruption facilitates environmental destruction. Like patronage, unholy alliances are not necessarily illegal, but unlike patronage, by its deceptive nature and often great financial resources, an unholy alliance can be much more dangerous to the public interest. 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