Contains carbon, volatile matter, moisture and ash Mostly used for power generation and metallurgy. Geography What is peat? Importance of each type. With the increasing weight of additional deposits and water, the lower deposits are compressed and carbonized. georgia_parker99. Peat is the accumulation of organic material (e.g., plants or mosses) that has been formed on the spot and has not been transported after its formation. It is…. Peat: The Most Efficient Carbon Sink In The World. Peat. Scientists believe that the peat in these peatlands has been forming for 360 million years. Peat is made up of primarily wetland vegetation. In dry peat, the organic matter content can reach 50%. Coal reserves are six times greater than oil and petroleum reserves. World Geography Chapter 10 … Carbon content in different types of coal. Peatland ecosystems are the most efficient carbon sinks in the world, which means the area stores carbon and carbon-containing substances for long periods of time. The Dismal Swamp in Virginia and the Bog of Allen in Ireland are two large peat bogs. peat definition: 1. a dark brown substance like soil that was formed by plants dying and becoming buried. Learn more. Found in sedimentary strata . Peat definition is - turf. Where the water level is stable near the surface (just Most of the peat bogs that exist today formed since the retreat of the glaciers after the last ice age around 12,000 years ago. Peat, or turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation.Peat forms in wetland bogs, moors, mires, and swamps.. a highly organic material found in marshy or damp regions, composed of partially decayed vegetable matter: it is cut and dried for use as fuel. Coal Also called black gold. This includes bog plants such as mosses, shrubs and sedges. Peat forms when plant material, usually in marshy areas, is inhibited from decaying fully by acidic and anaerobic conditions. Partially decayed plant matter found in bogs and burned for fuel in Ireland. peak in Geography topic From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English peak peak 1 / piːk / W3 noun [ countable ] 1 time [ usually singular ] BEST the time when something or someone is best, greatest, highest, most successful etc at something’s peak The British … Mistral. Cold, dry wind from the north found on the mediterranean coast of France. A peatland is an area with a naturally accumulated peat layer at the surface (with or without surface vegetation). Peat bogs may be from 5 to 30 feet (1.5 to 9 meters) deep. 2: partially carbonized vegetable tissue formed by partial decomposition in water of various plants (such as mosses of the genus Sphagnum) Under natural conditions, the content of water in peat exceeds 80% and content of gases content is about 6%. Coal – Formation of Coal – Types of Coal – Peat, Lignite, Bituminous Coal & Anthracite Coal. 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