989-395-3493, Press Inquiries Allison Lippert Gov. (2016, January 5). As of May 30, 2019, the city had managed to explore 21,524 service lines and replaced 8,434 lead-tainted lines under its FAST Start Pipe Replacement Program. Residents with health conditions that may limit their use of tap water should talk to their doctor. (russell.diane@epa.gov) One of our content team members will be in touch with you soon. The crisis in the struggling industrial city of 100,000 dates to April 2014, when Flint switched its water supply from Lake Huron to the Flint River in order to save money. City of Flint Issues Lead Advisory. Almost a year after public-health officials first warned about lead poisoning in Flint, Michigan, the city’s toxic water-supply crisis is receiving a national response. Dan Wyant, director of Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, and spokesman Brian Wurfel, resign. Flint Water Crisis: Everything You Need to Know. Consumernotice.org adheres to the highest ethical standards for content production and distribution. 312-353-0967. Second positive coliform bacteria test means Flint’s west side water boil notice still in effect. Weeks after the city of Flint, Michigan, began sourcing its water from the Flint River, residents began complaining about what was coming out of the tap. Scientists believe low chlorine levels in the water caused the outbreak of the deadly bug, which causes a severe form of pneumonia in people with poor immune systems. Water. Testimony of Lee-Anne Walters Examining Federal Administration of the Safe Drinking Water Act in Flint, Michigan. The city issued yet another boil water advisory on Jan. 2, 2015, because of high concentrations of trihalomethanes, which are chemical byproducts of chlorine disinfection methods. High levels of trihalomethanes are detected in the water in violation of the Safe Drinking Water Act. Retrieved from, Ruble, K. et al. Retrieved from. (n.d.). President Obama Signs Michigan Emergency Declaration. (2016, January 5). October 10, 2019 - The EPA proposes its first major revision in two decades of federal regulations on lead in drinking water, in response to the crisis in Flint … Retrieved from, Renwick, D. (2019, April 25). Criticism of the state and federal response has grown in recent days over the crisis in Flint, a financially strapped city of just under 100,000 residents about 60 miles (100 km) northwest of Detroit. The Flint water crisis is widely regarded as one of the worst manmade environmental and public health disasters in American history, and sadly, it was completely preventable. We appreciate your feedback. Emergency Administrative Order: In the Matter of: City of Flint, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality; and the State of Michigan, Respondents. So the mayor decided that contractors should excavate every house in areas where lead was possible, rather than skipping over some homes where lead was unlikely. Without These Whisteblowers, We May Never Have Known the Full Extent of the Flint Water Crisis. Retrieved from, City of Flint. Retrieved from, Fonger, R. (2014, August). Unfortunately, the government was slow to respond to the growing crisis. Retrieved from, Denchak, M. (2018, November 8). Rick Snyder declares a state of emergency for Genesee County. Consumernotice.org adheres to the highest ethical standards for content production and references only credible sources of information, including government reports, interviews with experts, highly regarded nonprofit organizations, peer-reviewed journals, court records and academic organizations. Retrieved from, Egan, P. (2016, January 12). Although it was once a thriving industrial centre, the city of Flint in souteastern Michigan As of 2019, the Michigan state attorney general had charged 15 state and local officials for their part in the Flint water crisis. Eventually, even Walters’ eyelashes fell out. Retrieved from, Dingle, A. (durno.mark@epa.gov) The Federal Government is providing economic development assistance to help Flint recover from the crisis and continue to grow its economy. Gov. (2017, July 28). Retrieved from, CNN. At the time, the cash-strapped city was building a new water pipeline to deliver water from Lake Huron to Flint, and the cheaper river water was supposed to be a temporary fix until the pipeline was finished. LeeAnne Walters: 2018 Goldman Prize Recipient North America. Retrieved from, Burgess et al. How GM saved itself from the Flint Water crisis: rusting engine blocks flagged big problem. Retrieved from, McQuaid, J. The lawsuit claims the federal agency was slow and negligent in responding to the crisis. In some parts of Flint, Michigan, the tap water had 866 times that limit of lead. EPA will continue to oversee the City’s efforts to transition to a long-term drinking water source and also monitor its replacement of lead (and galvanized) service lines throughout Flint. Throughout 2016, EPA conducted independent specialized sampling to ensure that corrective actions were working and that Flint’s water quality continued to improve. (2019, April 18). Retrieved from, City of Flint. Flint’s system currently meets regulatory criteria for lead and copper. Retrieved from, Waldrop, T. (2019, April 20). Flint issues boil water advisory for section of the city after positive test for total coliform bacteria. The Flint mayor declared a state of emergency on December 14, 2015, followed by the governor of Michigan declaring a state of emergency for Genesee County on January 5, 2016.19,20 President Obama issued an emergency declaration on January 16, 2016, and the US Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) was designated as the principal federal agency of the Unified Coordination Group for response and recovery efforts.21The HHS, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/th… Snyder Activates National Guard Help. But city officials brushed off the findings. Flint residents can sue the federal government over water crisis, judge rules. The U.S. Department of Labor is providing a National Dislocated Worker Grant for up to $15 million to assist with humanitarian and recovery efforts resulting from the water crisis in Flint. Seven of those 15 people, however, have cut no contest plea deals with prosecutors and will serve no time. (2019, January 3). On April 25, 2014 officials from Flint, Michigan switched the city’s water supply to the Flint River as a cost-cutting measure for the struggling city. Flint Water Crisis. Retrieved from, Michigan’s Former Governors. Here’s the latest on the officials facing charges for the Flint water crisis. Flint Water Crisis Deaths Likely Surpass Official Toll. She earned her Bachelor of Science in Nursing from the University of South Florida’sAccelerated Second Degree program and was nominated for the USF Nurse Alumni Nightingale award for excellence in nursing during her internship at Moffitt Cancer Center. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, Letter from EPA to Michigan DNR, City of Flint. Retrieved from, Kahn, N. (2019, April 25). But state and city officials continued to drag their feet. When city officials tested her tap water in February 2015, they detected lead at 104 parts per billion (ppb). Almost immediately, residents reported that the water looked, tasted and smelled bad. But the money-saving move proved disastrous for residents. Five years on, the Clint water crisis is nowhere near over. Retrieved from, Smith, L. (2015, December 14). Retrieved from, The White House. Retrieved from, Automotive News. The Lead Poisoning in Flint Points to a Nationwide Problem. (2016, January 31). “Regardless of this information and the fact that my son had lead poisoning, the city and the [Michigan Department of Environmental Quality] still continued to tell everyone the water was safe, as the EPA sat by and watched in silence,” Walters would later tell a Congressional committee investigating the matter. At both the state and federal levels, the primary response to the Flint water crisis has been to strengthen drinking water safety standards and monitoring practices, Hughes said. But the pipe replacement efforts have also come under scrutiny. How a Feel-Good AI Story Went Wrong in Flint. (2018, July 24). In some areas of the city, it had tripled. The federal agency even offered its expertise to help improve water quality. The top acceptable limit is 15 ppb, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. (2019, January 1). (2018, January). Retrieved from, Kennedy, M. (2016, April 20). Officials Say Flint’s Water Is Safe. The Flint water crisis is an ongoing public health crisis that started in 2014, after the drinking water source for the city of Flint, Michigan, was contaminated.In April 2014, Flint changed its water source from treated Detroit Water and Sewerage Department water (sourced from Lake Huron and the Detroit River) to the Flint River.Officials failed to apply corrosion inhibitors to the water. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for optimal use and care. Retrieved from, Natural Resources Defense Council. 51% of households felt that the physical health of at least one member had worsened due to Flint water crisis What was the outcome? Lead wasn’t the only contaminant found in Flint’s water. In August and September of 2014, the city of Flint issued boil water advisories because the water was tainted with coliform bacteria, also known as E. coli. Health Risk of the Trihalomethanes Found in Drinking Water Carcinogenic Activity and Interactions. We collaborate with legal and medical experts and consumer safety professionals to further ensure the accuracy of our content. Flint Water Crisis Government Response . The involuntary manslaughter charges stem from the deaths of people who contracted Legionnaires’ disease. An official website of the United States government. That's two years since the people in Flint first started complaining about the condition of their drinking water. Data from EPA, MDEQ, Virginia Tech and others demonstrated significant progress. State says Flint River water meets all standards but more than twice the hardness of lake water. Report: Management Weaknesses Delayed Response to Flint Water Crisis. People outside the government who were veterans of the D.C. water contamination and coverup helped blow the whistle in Flint. In the meantime, more than a dozen lawsuits have been filed against Michigan and the city of Flint, and in April, a federal judge said Flint residents may proceed with a lawsuit against the EPA. Officials charged in Flint water crisis back in court this week, 2 years after first indictments. (2016, February 3). Retrieved from, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2016, January 16). Closing the valve on history: Flint cuts water flow from Detroit after nearly 50 years. The EPA should strengthen its oversight of state drinking water programs to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the agency's response to drinking water contamination emergencies. We're coming up on the two-year anniversary of the water source switch in Flint. The Flint water crisis may be the most serious lead contamination in drinking water to date, but other water supplies across the United States have been affected, too. It wasn’t until September 2015 that the city announced it would implement corrosion control techniques and notified residents that the water was contaminated with lead. Amy Keller’s journalism career has spanned more than twenty years, during which she has covered law, education, crime, real estate, business, science and health. “While this Court will not decide today the issue of ultimate liability, it can today state with certainty that the acts leading to the creation of the Flint Water Crisis, alleged to be rooted in lies, recklessness and profound disrespect have and will continue to produce a heinous impact for the people of Flint,” Parker wrote. Residents Say It’s Not. LeeAnne Walters’ 4-year-old twin boys developed itchy, scaly rashes any time they bathed and her teenage son was in and out of the hospital, according to the Natural Resources Defense Council. Retrieved from, Baptiste, N. (2018, April 16). Unfortunately, the government was slow to respond to the growing crisis. Photograph: Zuma Wire/Rex/Shutterstock. (lippert.allison@epa.gov) The water was causing engine blocks to visibly rust. Retrieved from, Beitsch, R. (2019, April 19). (2016, December). In 2001, Washington, D.C. changed how it treated drinking water, and lead levels dramatically rose. Retrieved from, Hersher, R. (2018, February 5). True Grit: Pediatrician proves Michigan community’s water was poisoning children. & Davey, M. (2019, April 25). In her decision, U.S. District Judge Linda Parker noted that the “injury caused by the lead-contaminated public water supply system will affect the residents for years and likely generations to come.”. Scientists Say It’s Complicated. Learning from the Flint Water Crisis: Protecting the Public’s Health During a Financial Emergency. Flint water crisis, public health crisis (April 2014–June 2016) involving the municipal water supply system of Flint, Michigan, which resulted in residents being exposed to dangerous levels of lead. Do you have any thoughts you'd like to share about ConsumerNotice.org? Officials in Flint, Michigan, were looking for a cheaper source of water when they stopped piping in water from the city of Detroit in 2014 and switched to using the Flint River. Retrieved from, De Beaumont Foundation. In April 2019, after two years of providing bottled water to its residents, the city of Flint declared its tap water safe again for drinking, but signs of the crisis are still visible. The Flint water crisis: A loss of trust. Delayed Response. It’s Not Over. (2016, January 21). Retrieved from, The Associated Press. President Obama declares an emergency in the state of Michigan. Soon, Walters and her teenage daughter began losing clumps of hair. All content is thoroughly researched and verified at each stage of the publication process. Water from the Flint River made some people sick. The Flint water crisis started in 2014 when city officials switched the city’s water source from the Detroit River to the Flint River to save money but failed to add anti-corrosive agents to the water. Retrieved from, Harrison, K. (2016). (2015, September 25). You can learn more about our dedication to relevance, accuracy and transparency by reading our editorial policy. Retrieved from, Lurie, J. Retrieved from, Clark, A. Flint, Michigan is facing a serious public health crisis, with high levels of lead in its water supply. Retrieved from, Smith, M., Bosman, J. However, in 2018, a new contractor scrapped that method at the city’s behest and began digging more broadly across the city’s wards. Virginia Teach researchers explain Flint water crisis. Michigan Gov. Retrieved from, Shultz, D. (2018, February 5). Retrieved from, Edwards, M. (2015, September 8). Updates from the City of Flint and the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality can be found on their websites: EPA has awarded a $100 million grant to MDEQ to fund drinking water infrastructure upgrades in Flint. Retrieved from, Ruckart, P.Z. Flint switches to the Flint River for its main water source. Retrieved from, Madrigal, A. Retrieved from, Carmody, S. (2018, April 25). Pediatric Lead Exposure Presentation from Hurley Medical Center doctors concerning Flint MI. Walters’ children weren’t the only ones in danger. (2016, January 26). The water was discolored, it smelled foul and it tasted strange. State of Emergency Declared in the City of Flint. Flint’s system currently meets regulatory criteria for lead and copper. Flint Mayor Karen Weaver declares state of emergency. (wilson.jennifera@epa.gov) Hanna-Attisha told the American Academy of Pediatrics that early on, kids with lead poisoning are asymptomatic. (2016, January 26). Retrieved from, Virginia Tech. (2018, August 29). Retrieved from, City of Flint. Trihalomethanes are colorless and odorless but have been shown to cause cancer in lab animals, according to the EPA. Flint residents should continue to use filtered water while the City’s “Fast Start” program to replace lead service lines continues. The scale of government neglect in the water crisis in Flint, Mich., could place the city alongside some of the most infamous environmental disasters … v. United States of America. She compared the blood work of nearly 1,800 Flint children before and after the water switch. Since January 2016, EPA has been monitoring compliance with its emergency administrative order (as amended) to ensure that Flint’s drinking water system continues to improve. Judge rules Flint Residents can sue federal government over water crisis. We'd love to hear your thoughts. HHS is committed to supporting the residents and health agencies in Flint and across Michigan. This was intended as a short-term money-saving measure as the city prepared to connect to the new regional water system. Even General Motors, a local manufacturer, complained about the water and stopped using it because it was damaging car parts manufactured in their plant. A timeline of the water crisis in Flint, Michigan. Lead-Laced Water in Flint: A Step-By-Step Look At The Makings Of A Crisis. Based on the results, federal, state, and local government and community health partners could guide their ongoing recovery efforts through focused behavioral health interventions and communication messages. Adding the proper anti-corrosive chemicals to protect the water would have cost about $140 per day. The water was laden with lead, bacteria and other contaminants, and it took the government more than a year to address the water crisis. 312-353-3115, Community Involvement CoordinatorDiane Russell 18-10243. 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