Producers have found that planting the endophyte-free fescue is not cost effective or successful in the long run. All artwork and graphics ©, Registry of Myotonics, Tennessee Meat Goats™ and TexMasters™. If goats have access to wooded or Research has indicated that the productivity of goats is higher in a pasture with a diverse array of forage species rather than a mono-stand. Looking to enter a multi year lease agreement which the lessee would fertilize and harvest the hay using acceptable best practices, in return for 50% of … The annual forages were being used as a smother crop to eliminate toxic tall fescue, the prominent cool-season grass in South Carolina’s Piedmont region. Research has shown that mowing of seed heads in the spring reduces the intake of highly toxic seeds by cattle. 2) Does with little or no milk. Also, using no-tillage crops such as corn, small grain/soybean or Sudan grass helps to eliminate tall fescue from pastures followed by establishment of alternative pasture species or endophyte-free tall fescue. I would feed straight alfalfa but it's $9.50 a bale. If goats are fed coarse hay, they may eat the leaves but not the stems. I am providing this information so you can consult your goat veterinarian (if you are fortunate enough to have one in your area). Infected Tall Fescue is high in protein, but it is an unusable protein. Departments & Units   /   Digital Media Library, August 8, 2003 Body temperatures tend to be slightly higher than normal, resulting in animals spending much time standing around in the shade when they should be out foraging. Fescue has adequate palatability and is a nutritious forage option that can be successfully used in goat operations. Actually it is a productive choice for producing winter hay for goats and other animals. He said it is not the K31 type fescue with the potential for toxicity. Many producers rely on fescues for early spring and late fall grazing. Still, substantial evidence for developing new stands of tall fescue with novel endophytes does not exist. Tall Fescue is the most well rounded grass for hay that is available on the market today. The ability of goats to consume a variety of grasses, legumes, and browse facilitates the dilution concept in a slightly different manner. Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is Missouri's most widely used forage crop. Endophyte-infected Tall Fescue hay will remain toxic for two years or more. | By: Hutchens said that further supports his opinion that goats are not negatively affected by consuming tall fescue. Orchard/Fescue Mix & Other Hay Varieties *Delivery is $3.00 a Loaded Mile, $40.00 Minimum I'm getting ready to buy hay for this winter. Legume hay is also ideal for goats and lambs. Early spring growth that is very short may readily be eaten by goats. Tip: Kelp (dried seaweed) fed free choice can help lower body temperature by as much as one-half degree Fahrenheit. With good quality hay, 14% protein and up, any additional supplementation will be for energy and can be met with corn. Made by Dechra Veterinary Products, Equidone Gel is used in horses, and his vet postulated that it might work with goats. After a hard frost, goats may consume toxic Tall Fescue, presumably because the frost "sweetens" its taste. If goat producers are worried that their livestock may be adversely affected by tall fescue consumption, alternatives do exist. (A copy of the newsletter or publication would also be a welcome addition to our growing library of goat related information! Tall fescue grass is not safe for goats. [Ranch History] [The Present & Future] [Meat Goat Mania][Registry of Myotonics, Tennessee Meat Goats™ and TexMasters™] [News & Events] [Health and Management Articles] [Links] [ChevonTalk Discussion List] [E-Mail] [Home]. fescue eradication. Unfortunately, tall fescue also has a downside. One way to combat this is to not let goats graze on tall fescue fields during summer months. 3) Contractions so weak that the doe requires human assistance in delivering her kids. Tall fescue is an extremely hardy, well-adapted grass species used for hay and pasture in the central and eastern United States and the Pacific Northwest. A diversified crop of annual forage grasses and legumes was strip-grazed by Edward’s horses. I would say, though, that timothy, oat, rye, and burmuda would be good choices for any pasture. It is insect and nematode resistant, tolerates poor soil and climatic conditions well and has a long growing season. Goats on the other hand favor the seed heads even though the toxins are known to be highest in the seed. The problem: Tall Fescue is toxic to goats, particularly pregnant goats, as well as sheep, cattle, and horses. Fungicides are not effective against it, and if Tall Fescue is baled into hay, the toxin remains active and dangerous. Tall fescue is grown for pasture, hay, silage and as a companion crop with other forage grass varieties and legumes. Dosing does in the last 30 days of their pregnancy with one cc per day orally, this Illinois man's goats kidded normally without problems associated with Tall Fescue Toxicity. Rough coats are typical. 7) Kids are too large, probably because of prolonged gestation, requiring producer intervention to deliver them alive. This can be fed free-choice or twice a day. The active ingredient in Equidone Gel functions as a D2 dopamine receptor antagonist, blocking the fescue alkaloids at the cellular level. Use with goats is off-label. Tall Fescue, whether it is growing in the pasture or baled into hay, contains an alkaloid toxin that is trapped between the cells in the seeds of the plant. Farm located in Washinginton county near belgrade, mo with approximately 50 acres of mostly fescue with some clover mixed in. You may hear of types such as timothy hay, orchard grass, canary grass, fescue, etc. Hutchens said goats appear to successfully breed, give birth and lactate while consuming a diet high in fescue pastures and hay. TENNESSEE MEAT GOAT ™ and TEXMASTER™ are Trademarks of Onion Creek Ranch . In fact, a steady diet of legume hay can lead to excessive weight gain. I learned this year from Don Chenoweth, a goat raiser in Illinois, that his vet prescribed Equidone Gel (Domperidone 2.75 grams) for his pregnant does with Tall Fescue Toxicity. It is very important to use endophyte free varieties. 4) Placentas so thick that the kids cannot get out unless the producer tears it open. Goats on the other hand favor the seed heads even though the toxins are known to be highest in the seed. Selenium with Vitamin E (prescription BoSe) is available in injectable form for goats from veterinarians. ,y milkers are mini nubians and peaked at 1 1/2 gallons of milk (each) in a 24 hour period. Pregnancy-related problems in goats eating Tall Fescue are similar to those of other species. Also, using no-tillage crops such as corn, small grain/soybean or Sudan grass helps to eliminate tall fescue from pastures followed by establishment of alternative pasture species or endophyte-free tall fescue.Fescue toxicity is a serious economic problem in the beef industry, and its affects have extensively been studied. Alfalfa is among the mostly cultivated greens for goats and considered as the best for goats. However, some goat owners prefer to be safe than sorry. Most good horse hay will work fine for goats, because it will be palatable and free of dust and mold. The plant is so tough that it is impractical to try to kill it off. Until recently, human intervention in kidding difficulties has been the only effective action. However, these strains of Fescue are not hardy and are easily killed by weather extremes. We would appreciate notification from any clubs or publications when the articles are used. Kentucky 31 Tall Fescue has been the primary tall fescue grass for pastures but there has always been a problem with Kentucky 31 called toxic endophytes which causes \"Fescue Toxicity\" in horses and livestock. “So far evidence just doesn’t show us that goats have the same problems with fescue endophytes as other livestock species,” he said. It is like nectar for goats and other foragers and grazers. Millet grows very quickly and reach 40 to 50 inches within 60 to 90 days (if left alone). CAFE's Caldbeck and Gilbert Receive Oswald Research and Creativity Awards, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. • Health & Management ArticlesChevonTalk Discussion Group • Links • Registration • Meat Goat Mania •. Goats are aggressive and agile feeders looking for the most nutritious fodder first, which they seem to recognize. ADF is a laboratory analysis that measures the cellulose and lignin levels in plants, and lignin is not digestible, so an acid detergent fiber measure that is low - below 35% - is preferable for goats. He was right. This endophytic (inside the plant) fungus is not detectable visually. All information and photos copyright © Onion Creek Ranch and may not be used without express written permission of Onion Creek Ranch. Because Tall Fescue is unpalatable, goats usually won't eat it unless they have nothing else from which to choose. Some livestock species do not tolerate tall fescue because of its toxic potential. Research has shown that mowing of seed heads in the spring reduces the intake of highly toxic seeds by cattle. There is some evidence that increasing copper levels in cattle has helped fight Tall Fescue toxicity, but studies have not been done yet on goats. Hutchens said goats appear to successfully breed, give birth and lactate while consuming a diet high in fescue pastures and hay. Stockpiled fescue has few endophyte concerns because fungal concentration drops in late fall and winter. Producers also could move goats from tall fescue to warm season grasses during hot and/or dry months. It is insect-resistant, tolerates drought, cold, poor soil, foot traffic, and has a long growing season. In addition to our own production fields, we use an extensive network of trusted wildland seed collectors and growers. We offer hay/forage year round for your trail horses, working horses, cows, goats, sheep etc. • Home Page • Email Us • SALE BARN • Present and Future • GoatCamp™ • Myotonic Goats • Tennessee Meat Goats™ • TexMaster™ Goats • Which breed is right for you? Colour. Grass hay may contain a blend of different grasses. When feeding hay, know the nutrient content. Do not use MuSe on goats; it is for horses and is too strong. Our goats graze "fresh" fescue and also eat fescue hay. They show their food preferences for grasses over clovers, fence lines and steep lands over flat, open areas and will eat the best in a wide area before covering the … It grows well in areas where other forages do not and are easy to maintain. Avoid fescue unless its endophyte free. The plant is still quite toxic to goats but it is more palatable under these circumstances. It appears that the fungus interferes with the absorption of copper and selenium. All artwork and graphics © DTP, Ink and Onion Creek Ranch. Very coarse hay or forage is not readily digestible by goats, so they prefer not to eat them. Goats prefer a mix of plant types and consume a diverse diet when variety is offered. Giving a selenium injection to the newborn shortly after birth has been helpful to foals in some cases. Still, substantial evidence for developing new stands of tall fescue with novel endophytes does not exist.Hutchens advised goat producers to seriously consider all the factors before making large investments such as extensive pasture reseeding or buying products to counter the toxic effects of tall fescue on goats.“So far evidence just doesn’t show us that goats have the same problems with fescue endophytes as other livestock species,” he said. Tall Fescue, whether it is growing in the pasture or baled into hay, contains an alkaloid toxin that is trapped between the cells in the seeds of the plant. “But there is very little scientific evidence to support a negative effect for goats consuming tall fescue with high levels of endophyte.”. The dilution of EI tall fescue is perfectly suited for goats. Researchers believe that the fungus, which is what makes the plant so hardy, tends to bind copper, zinc, selenium, and cobalt. Tall Fescue is an extremely hardy perennial that is insect and drought resistant, shade tolerant, and stays green year around. In all cases, it is your responsibility to obtain veterinary services and advice before using any of the information provided in these articles. Tall Fescue is a perennial plant that grows across the United States, from the West Coast to the East Coast, as far south as Oklahoma and the Texas Panhandle, and northward into Canada. Do not underestimate the connection between Tall Fescue toxicity and selenium and/or copper deficiencies in goats. Fescue toxicity is a serious economic problem in the beef industry, and its affects have extensively been studied. Each of these grasses may be found in your hay … Learn More! Fescue Hay for Sale. “Producers can find other sources of hay such as orchard grass, timothy, alfalfa or red clover to reduce toxicity problems in the winter feeding period,” he said. The heads on Tall Fescue are open and many branched. Under drought conditions, Tall Fescue continues to grow in pastures where other species have died. Sounds too good to be true for goats, right? Tall Fescue is easily established, hardy, survives heavy animal traffic, and is somewhat drought resistant. Native to Europe, tall fescue was brought to the U.S. in the 1800s. Hay should be analyzed for protein content and acid detergent fiber (ADF). Endophyte-free fescue is also easily crowded out by the hardier toxic fescue. There are two conditions under which goats will eat toxic Tall Fescue. Fescue endophyte can persist for up to two years in stored hay, so animals fed KY-31 hay may benefit from supplementary grain and/or an added ration of legume hay to their winter diets. These two conditions do not lessen the toxicity of the plant. The problem: Tall Fescue is toxic to goats, particularly pregnant goats, as well as sheep, cattle, and horses. Fescue has adequate palatability and is a nutritious forage. So if it is endophyte free or if it has novel endophytes that don't produce the toxins, is tall fescue a good hay? Actually alfalfa is not a grass; it is a legume, like clover. All information provided in these articles is based either on personal experience or information provided by others whose treatments and practices have been discussed fully with a vet for accuracy and effectiveness before passing them on to readers. Pigs may also be fed hay, but they do not digest it as efficiently as ruminants. Livestock symptoms will also be less intense due to the cooler temperatures. If fertilized, the plant can accumulate nitrates, making nitrate poisoning an additional danger. Hutchens said legumes such as red clover, annual/perennial lespedeza or alfalfa can be seeded into tall fescue pastures, therefore diluting tall fescue consumption. Philanthropy & Alumni Our years of seed experience, combined with recommendations from Florida A&M’s Animal Science specialists, helped us design our seasonal grazing goat forage mix to be exactly what goat enthusiasts have been looking for. Browsemaster is a new grass seed mixture from Barenbrug's Master Series for goat pastures. Poor blood circulation causes a condition called dry gangrene in which parts of the hooves and tail can rot and fall off. Research   /   Ammonia gas treatment can reduce the toxin levels in tall fescue hay. It can cause digestive and respiratory problems, among other things. When growing tall fescue for forage and hay, make sure it’s a safe, endophyte-free variety. Forage quality and feed distribution are improved when an adapted legume (such as white clover or red clover) is grown in association with fescue. Kellen Weissenbach of Little Platte Farms has been raising goats for more than 20 years and … Some livestock species do not tolerate tall fescue because of its toxic potential. Hutchens advised goat producers to seriously consider all the factors before making large investments such as extensive pasture reseeding or buying products to counter the toxic effects of tall fescue on goats. Grass Hay vs. Alfalfa . Really goats don't graze like sheep, cows and horses. At his vet's recommendation, he continued daily dosing for 10 days after birthing to facilitate milk let-down. 5) Unusually thick umbilical cords that are tough to break. It is very winter-hardy with a deep root system. Writer: Aimee D. Heald 859-257-4736, ext. Whole cottonseed makes an excellent supplement for goats when fed at no more than 0.5 lb/head/day. They have a fescue mix hay, this would be half their hay, the other half I will feed alfalfa. There are some strains of Fescue which are endophyte-free (uninfected with the toxic fungus). It has no rootstocks (rhizomes). “But there is very little scientific evidence to support a negative effect for goats consuming tall fescue with high levels of endophyte.”Hutchens said goats appear to successfully breed, give birth and lactate while consuming a diet high in fescue pastures and hay.Research has shown that mowing of seed heads in the spring reduces the intake of highly toxic seeds by cattle. Does passing their kidding due dates by ten days or more. On the other hand, horses usually don’t require such rich forage. Horse breeders sometimes give pregnant mares a selenium injection 30 days prior to the projected due date to help make the foaling difficulties more manageable. But during times when goats can’t browse, they must be fed. Millet is an annual grass. *I have read that fescue can be poisonous to goats (due to endophytic fungus in the grass, which produces several types of alkaloids that are toxic to animals) but we have never seen any problems in our goats when fed fescue in moderation. Ple… Aimee D. Heald, University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment - It Starts With Us. Hutchens said that further supports his opinion that goats are not negatively affected by consuming tall fescue.If goat producers are worried that their livestock may be adversely affected by tall fescue consumption, alternatives do exist.Hutchens said legumes such as red clover, annual/perennial lespedeza or alfalfa can be seeded into tall fescue pastures, therefore diluting tall fescue consumption. “Some goat producers are becoming concerned with tall fescue because of it’s endophyte problem,” he said. Never feed moldy hay to goats! Mature goats do very well on a grass-legume mix and some grass hays, but generally do not eat coarse grass hay; having small mouths, goats do not like it. Suzanne Gasparotto is not a veterinarian.Neither tennesseemeatgoats.com nor any of the contributors to this website will be held responsible for the use of any information contained herein. are Trademarks of Onion Creek Ranch . 267Source: Terry Hutchens 859-257-2465, Laura SkillmanAgricultural Communications Services Director131-A Scovell HallLexington, KY 40546-0064859-323-4761lskillma@email.uky.edu, Students   /   Goats do well on most hays that are considered “horse hay.” As long as the goats are acclimated to them appropriately to avoid stomach upset and founder, “legume hays such as alfalfa, clover, vetch, soybean or lespedeza work very well for kids, as well as pregnant and lactating does.” Tall Fescue. Soil conservationists and urban dwellers love Tall Fescue because it grows anywhere and requires minimal care. Goats on the other hand favor the seed heads even though the toxins are known to be highest in the seed. Use tall fescue for grazing and hay production. I've found a guy that has some alfalfa/fescue hay. Equidone Gel comes in a 25 cc tube and is a prescription. Caprines need roughage in the form of about two to four pounds of hay per day (3% to 4% of body weight) for their rumens to function properly. However, goat producers should not worry about that too much, according to University of Kentucky Extension Associate for Goat Production Terry Hutchens. Goats eating Tall Fescue can have weight gains reduced by more than 50%. It is three-to-four feet in height, grows in clumps, and has medium-wide leaves that are rough-ribbed. It contains a goat-toxic endophyte fungus during mid-summer months. All information and photos copyright © Onion Creek Ranch and may not be used without express written permission of Onion Creek Ranch. I am not vet and have no experience with this condition or this product although I have been raising goats since 1990. Suzanne W. Gasparotto, Onion Creek Ranch, Texas 5/4/17. 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Series for goat production Terry hutchens from any clubs or publications when the fescue hay for goats are used industry, and vet.