It includes 25 species, the most common ones being English or pot marigold (Calendula officinalis) and field marigold (Calendula arvensis) . African Marigolds– This type of marigold has a pompom flower that is about five inches in diameter. Its branching stem grows to the height of 30- 60 cm. The African Marigold, Breck described in this way, “The large double varieties of this species are very rich. Omissions? View a fourth image of a marigold (Tagetes species). This type of marigold blooms in fall and summer. 1. There are four basic species of cultivated marigold, having dozens of varieties, including hybrids. African or Aztec marigolds, T. erecta, are marketed to meet a demand for large-flowered and tall marigolds. French marigolds (T. patula), are the most compact variety, most often used in front of the border or containers. Marigolds may be resistant to some nematode species but may be very susceptible to others (Table 2). A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. Marigolds (Tagetes spp. The Tagetes hybrids or Calendula members are generally the cultivars used for growing edible marigold flowers. Moreover, they also have some different characteristics. Mediterranean Marigolds. Height: 1 feet 4 inches tall. Light requirement & care :Sunny, well drained soils. Updates? 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Here are fourteen reasons to grow Marigold in your vegetable Garden. Vast quantities of marigolds are used in garlands and decoration for weddings, festivals, and religious events. Corrections? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Calendula is also called marigold and pot marigold, leading to confusion with members of the genus … ), are brightly colored members of the aster/daisy family, one of the largest plant families. How-ever, additional species of root-knot nematodes are being discovered, which may be able to infect marigold cultivars listed as resistant to other root-knot nematodes species. Name: Vanilla african marigold. The marigold is also widely cultivated in India and Thailand, particularly the species T. erecta, T. patula, and T. tenuifolia. With over 50 species of marigold available, three dominate the bedding flower market: The tallest are African marigolds (T. erecta) which grow in shades of creamy white, yellow and orange, reaching, with a wide spreading habit. Compact and dwarf growth habit 2. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Family: Asteraceae. Signet Marigolds– This is a marigold that … It has a strong aroma and … African or American Marigolds (Tagetes erecta) These marigolds are tall, erect-growing plants up to three feet in height. Its flowers are edible, its roots eliminate nematode populations, and it is a source of many natural dyes. The name marigold also refers to the pot marigold (genus Calendula) and unrelated plants of several families. erecta), French marigold (T. patula), and several other species are grown as garden ornamentals, although most species have strong-scented leaves. Flowers : Creamy white, fully double, 3.5 … However, natural cross pollination amongst species is absent. They generally start to germinate within 1-2 weeks after planting, which is no time at all compared to many other species. It’s native to Egypt and parts of the Mediterranean but is now grown in every continent, usually blooming during the warmer months of the year (from about M… Some of them can grow tall. Members of the genus Tagetes have attractive yellow, orange, or red flowers that are solitary or clustered; leaves … They are native … These types of marigolds bloom in the fall and the summer and since they are a … Their bright orange, yellow, and red hues illuminate the spring garden, and they have many well documented qualities as a companion plant for vegetables. It is native … The colors from a pale citron-yellow to deep orange…” Queen Sophia is an older French Marigold with fully double flower in gold and maroon that was introduced in the early 1900’s. Marigold, any plant of the genus Tagetes of the family Asteraceae, consisting of about 50 species of annual herbs native to southwestern North America, tropical America, and South America. The flowers come in a wide range of colors including, orange, yellow, mahogany and white. Listed below are some of the popular Marigold varieties. Pot marigold or common marigold is also simply known as calendula. When you’re flipping through a seed catalog or perusing the shelves of your local gardening center, the variety of marigolds available can be... View Article Calendula is not technically a marigold, as it is not botanically related; however, it is often called “pot marigold” and confused with the Tagetes genus of marigolds, so I mention it here. Some of the most well-known are: Marigolds Are Easy to Grow. Growing 1 to 4 inches tall, American marigolds have a double flowerhead that grows 2 to 6 inches wide. There are over 40 species of marigold in existence that we know of, but most of those found in gardens come from just four main types. z SPECIES OF Tagetes Species: There are about 33 species of the genus Tagetes. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. There are many marigold species and varieties that you can plant. Mexican tarragon ( Tagetes lucida) is related, but is mainly grown for culinary as well as medicinal uses. They grow to be about five to 18 inches in height, and they often have a double flower head that is yellow and orange. African marigold (T. erecta), French marigold (T. patula), and several other species are grown as garden ornamentals, although most species have strong-scented leaves. French marigold. The species name, officinalis, refers to its historical use in apothecaries and pharmacopeias as the official medicinal species of its genus. Marigold Species and Varieties. Marigold is a cross pollinated crop, hence, proper isolation distance of 1-1.5 km should be given amongst varieties. There are over 50 different species of marigolds that you can choose to plant in your garden, but some of the most common varieties include: 1. Types of Marigold Flowers. Members of the genus Tagetes have attractive yellow, orange, or red flowers that are solitary or clustered; leaves opposite each other on the stem that usually are finely cut; and bracts (leaflike structures) that form a cup-shaped base below each flower head. 2. Marigold, kind of plant Greece name is Tagetes erecta, is actually a flower that comes from Mexico and Central America.What means by marigold is a flower or a plant that lives along the years, so the one who plant this kind of plant should not be worry whether or not this plant becomes easy to be cared, because this plant couldn’t be involved as a kind of vulnerable plants. The name marigold also refers to the pot marigold (genus Calendula) and unrelated plants of several families. One of the main reasons why gardeners choose marigolds is because they are easy to grow. The lesion Marigold provides food for some species of butterflies and their larvae. Marigold Kingdom. 5. Today, the marigold flower is available in a variety of heavily scented and odor-free species. French Marigolds. The seed crop is ready in about six months. French Marigolds– This is one of the most common types of marigolds. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/marigold, marigold - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), marigold - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). 1. American marigold (Tagetes erecta) is an annual flower with a clumping form that blooms during summer to light up the garden with color. The flowers are globe-shaped and large. This variation can grow to be two feet tall. While there are various species of marigold flowers grown around the world, calendula is considered to be the most medicinal. Calendula, also called pot marigold, is not related to the common yellow and orange marigolds that most people know, but is an herb often grown for medicinal purposes. There are many other species of marigold classified to date. Wild species of marigold is Tagetes minuta 5. z AFRICAN MARIGOLD(Tagetes erecta) 6. z F R E N C H M A R I G O L D Tagetes patula 7. z Tagetes tenuifolia 8. z BREEDING OBJECTIVES 1. In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Marigold Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. Scientific Name: Tagetes erecta. species of root-knot nematode in Florida (Table 1). A species of marigold called the Tagetes minuta is used in the manufacture of “marigold oil”, which is used in the production of perfumes as well as food flavouring agents. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Baileya multiradiata: Baileya is a tender wild marigold which looks brilliant during spring. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Marigolds are a favorite flower of many vegetable gardeners. Other Species : Calendula arvensis, Calendula bicolor, Calendula eckerleinii, Calendula lanzae, Calendula maderensis, Calendula maroccana, Calendula meuselii, Calendula stellata, Calendula suffruticosa, Calendula tripterocarpa, Calendula officinalis are some of the other species of Marigold. Calendula marigolds are yellow-orange in color and form small florets of petals that are harvested and dried for their numerous medicinal properties. The Calendula genus is native to central Europe and the Mediterranean. One of the larger-growing species of marigold, the Aztec marigold grows to heights of 20-35 inches tall and wide and produces an abundance of vibrantly-colored flowers. Therefore, you must know how to plant marigold seeds for each species you want to plant. Healing with Marigold The essential oil of Tagetes minuta , usually sold as Tagetes oil can be used as an insect repellent and to prevent and help heal fungal and bacterial infections of the skin. Calendula officinalis is in the plant family known as Asteraceae or Compositae. French Marigolds. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Marigold, any plant of the genus Tagetes of the family Asteraceae, consisting of about 50 species of annual herbs native to southwestern North America, tropical America, and South America. American marigolds – Tagetes erecta This upright species is the tallest of the marigolds, growing to heights of 4 feet. 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