Flowers are produced most freely in a sunny location. ‘Silver Dragon’ has slender, highly variegated green and white leaves and lavender flowers. Forever green even in the coldest winter. For more information, visit Invasive.org. The leaves are narrower than those of L. muscari and can reach 24 inches (60 cm) long while the plant seldom gets taller than 8 to 12 inches. It does not grow as densely as most lilyturf. There are many cultivars available. Liriope scale (Pinnaspis caricis) or fern scale (P. aspidistrae) may infest liriope and causes chlorotic spotting (yellow) or reddish spotting of the leaves and foliar necrosis. Like Save April 16, 2005 at 8:38AM. An effective accent as a groundcover or edging. Noteworthy Characteristics. Culture. L.H. This densely clumping, evergreen, grasslike perennial is quite attractive when grouped in a mass as a groundcover (Fig. It makes a better groundcover than border plant, in my opinion. Website developed by The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and the National Park Service in cooperation with the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England, Invasive Plant Control, Inc., USDA Forest Service, When fertilizing, scatter fertilizer around plants but don’t let fertilizer granules become wedged between leaves. Cultivars include 'Majestic,' which has large lilac flowers and dark foliage; 'Christmas Tree,' with light lavender flower spikes; and 'Evergreen Giant,' which features stiff-texture leaf blades and white flower spikes. As the root systems decays, the plants will discolor from the base upwards. Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. It makes an excellent and easily controlled grass edging. It grows in any well-drained soil, an asset especially to dry and sandy soils. Widest leaf of any cultivar. tall and wide (30-37 cm). Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Amethyst™ Liriope muscari ‘LIRTP’ Beautiful deep purple flowers; Flowers sit well above the foliage; Amethyst™ Liriope grows well all over Australia; Description: A compact Liriope plant with dark green foliage that contrasts with stunning deep purple flowers. 1). This plant spreads quickly by rhizomes and can invade adjacent turf areas or other ground cover beds. Avoid over-watering or watering late in the day. When planting liriope, do not install plants too deeply where the crown of the plant is buried. Liriope muscari is the clumping form of liriope which is pretty well behaved. Advertisement. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Blooming for weeks in late summer and fall, erect spikes of thickly clustered, small violet flowers appear above the leaves. Undo. A viewer from Pennsylvania . L. muscari spreads in clumps that grow bigger in diameter, but it doesn’t have L. spicata’s invasive runners. I planted but a few and they grew into a thick clump of 4 square feet! shelley_r (7b NC) It's on the watch list for SC. If#the#answer#was#yes#for#both#questions#3#and#4,#the#plantis#placed#on#the#invasive#plantlistand#no#further#research#is#needed.##Stop#here.##If#the#answer#is#no#for# both#questions##3#and#4,#the#plantis#notconsidered#invasive#and#no#further#investigation#is#warranted.###Otherwise,#proceed#to#Step#II. Liriope muscari generally grows in a clump form and will spread to about 12 to 18 inches wide. Interpretation Translation Liriope muscari. Reply. It produces violet-purple flowers held above strappy, green leaves in … ‘Silvery Sunproof’ has leaves striped white and yellow. Liriope muscari is an evergreen perennial with neat, low, grassy foliage, from which masses of blue-purple spikes, similar to grape hyacinths, emerge in autumn. ‘Webster Wideleaf’ has lavender flower spikes on 12 to 15 inch tall plants. Therefore, this liriope may be … It produces violet-purple flowers held above strappy, green leaves in … ‘Silver midget’ has dark green leaves with irregular variegation and lavender flower spikes. Because of its rapid spread, Liriope spicata is not suitable for edging but is excellent as a groundcover. Also has good tolerance for heat, humidity and drought. It’s perfect for growing in a mixed herbaceous border and can be left undisturbed for many years to form low-maintenance ground cover. Most liriopes grow to a height between 10 and 18 inches. ‘Gold Band’ is an excellent specimen plant. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. The species spreads vegetatively as well as by bird dispersed seed. Turf-like growth habit. Liriope muscari can be used as a lawn grass substitute too. Liriope muscari has flowers that look like grape hyacinths (muscari) for which it was named. Mondo grass (Ophiopogon species) is similar in use and appearance to lilyturf. Wikimedia Commons. It is in leaf all year, in flower from September to October. Growth in full shade is a bit thin but acceptable. Mow or trim off last year’s leaves in late winter to a height of about 3 inches and remove as much of the debris as possible. Spreads quickly by underground rhizomes to form colonies, and can be quite aggressive. Initially with leaf and crown rot there will be a yellowing of the interior foliage. Both plants form mounds of grass-like foliage. Liriope muscari. View gallery. It grows well throughout South Carolina. Do not plant liriope in poorly drained sites. Mostly grown for its attractive foliage, Liriope muscari 'Variegata' (Variegated Lily Turf) is an evergreen tuberous perennial forming a loose clump of narrow, arching, green leaves striped with creamy white. Scientific Name: Liriope muscari Common Name (s): Big Blue Lilyturf, Lily turf, and Monkey grass, Spider Grass Growing Zone (USA / UK Hardiness): 5 to 10 / H5 Plant Details. Bailey Show All Show Tabs big blue lilyturf Matures at 12 to 15 inches tall. The flowers are lavender and it grows to 12 to 15 inches tall. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Liriope muscari (Decne.) Flowers are produced most freely in a sunny location. Liriope muscari (Decne.) These two evergreen lilyturf species have slightly different growth habits and degrees of hardiness, but both are favorite landscaping plants. This plant has no children Legal Status. Will that reduce spreading? Erect, showy flower spikes with tiered whorls of dense, violet-purple flowers rise above the leaves in late summer. It reaches about 12 to 16 inches tall. Evergreen. Light Needs. One of the least invasive of the Liriope family. These little wonders multiply and can be divided to create a beautiful woodland accent. Invasive: Where is this species invasive in the US? Water Needs. Bailey Other System Links. ‘Silver Dragon’ is great for lighting up a dark area. Karen Russ, Former HGIC Horticulture Specialist, Clemson UniversityBob Polomski, PhD, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, Clemson University, Joey Williamson, PhD, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is not a grass and was previously place in the lily family but is now placed in the asparagus family. L. spicata spreads to form open colonies. Dense ground cover that spreads widely by underground stems; can be invasive. Cut foliage to the ground (mow large plots on high mower setting) in late winter to early spring in preparation for new growth. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. It can endure heat, drought and salt spray, but will not take “wet feet”; it requires moist, well-drained soil. Performs best in light, moderately fertile, preferably acid, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. The previous inhabitants of my house were unaware of this when they used monkey grass to line the front lawn and backyard nature trail. Clumps slowly expand by short stolons, but do not spread aggressively like Liriope spicata. Some of the species in this genus are invasive, so it is important to be aware of which species is being purchased, especially if Liriope is being installed in an area where a spreading invasive could threaten other plantings. (June 2010) Once established it requires very little maintenance. ‘Emerald Goddess’ grows to 16 to 20 inches tall and has lavender flower spikes. Leaf and crown rot is caused by Phytophthora palmivora (a water mold pathogen). Here in the US, two varieties of liriope are sold: Liriope muscari and Liriope spicata. Liriope muscari The leaves are a little wider than those of ‘Silver Dragon’. 0979. Although the flowers are individually small, they are very showy, since each plant has many spikes of blooms. Containers. 44 members have or want this plant for trade. It will have less variegation if grown in shade. Family: Asparagaceae: Genus: Liriope (lir-RYE-oh-pee) Species: muscari (mus-KAR-ee) Cultivar: Variegata : 4 vendors have this plant for sale. The plant spreads quickly through underground rhizomes -- horizontal stems from which roots and stalks sprout -- taking over flowerbeds and lawns. Big Blue Liriope (Liriope muscari 'Big Blue') is a tough little edging plant. Space the plants about 1 foot apart when planting. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. This research reflects the data available at the time this evaluation was conducted. Liriope muscari ‘Evergreen Giant’ Evergreen Giant Lilyturf 2 Foliage Leaf arrangement: most emerge from the soil, usually without a stem Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: entire Leaf shape: linear Leaf venation: parallel Leaf type and persistence: evergreen Leaf blade length: 12 to 18 inches Leaf color: green Fall color: no fall color change Fall characteristic: not showy slowly invasive peripheral rhizomes slow growth rate and establishment flowering is subtle and very poor as compared to Liriope muscari. The green and yellow striped foliage is a gorgeous contrast to the purple flowers that pop up in the summer. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1108 | Updated: Aug 19, 2019 | Print, Big blue lilyturf (Liriope muscari), also commonly known as liriope. However, it blooms the best in part shade to full shade. Light Needs. When you plant Liriope spicata, you will end up with a creeping groundcover that, in some situations, can become invasive. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Clumps slowly expand by short stolons, but do not spread aggressively like Liriope spicata. Image 1609210 is of monkeygrass (Liriope muscari ) cultivar. I like the monkey grass, I just like it in a neat row! 10 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Grows up to 12-15 in. Liriope muscari: This species grows in a clump form and is well-suited for edging. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Blooming for weeks in late summer and fall, erect spikes of thickly clustered, small violet-purple flowers, 6-8 in. See Reviews. It withstands sun better than most variegated forms; 12 to 15 inches tall, with purple flowers. Edging for paths or walkways. Growzone: 6-11. Leaf and crown rot of Liriope muscari ‘Evergreen Giant’. Thin green leaves and attractive, violet-blue flowers give this plant its charm, although flowers are not as showy as those ofLiriope muscari (Fig. Liriope muscari 'Silvery Sunproof' NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Liriope muscari. Creeping Liriope and Big Blue Lilyturf . Liriope muscari and its cultivars can also be used as low edging plants along paved areas or in front of foundation plantings. It has lavender flower spikes. These things can all stress and predispose liriope plants to become infected with leaf and crown rot. Liriope spicata is an invasive monkey grass species. It causes a rapid dieback of the foliage. Marian Leclerc 10/04/2020 at 1:40 pm What if I put large stones along the border of my monkey grass? Beautiful, well rooted 2" Liriope Muscari 'Super Blue' plants. State List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. Liriope spicata, (Creeping Lilyturf), found in China and Vietnam, is rhizomatous and can be invasive. This compact low growing Liriope is sun and shade tough and has very clean foliage. It might take several seasons to eradicate Liriope spicata from your yard. This variety does best in shade, and has slightly slower growth. Tolerates full shade, but will produce more elongated foliage and spread more slowly. Liriope muscari is a clumping form that will eventually set out offsets and increase the plant’s presence. It forms a dense, uniform cover, unlike Liriope muscari, which forms clumps until well established several years after planting. Like Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde, “clumping” monkey grass, Liriope muscari, has an evil twin: “spreading” monkey grass, Liriope spicata. ‘Majestic’ is a strong grower that grows to 12 to 15 inches tall. Muscari is larger than spicata. It has wide leaf blades with a gold edge and lavender flower spikes. Liriope spicata spreads rapidly by underground stems (rhizomes) and will cover a wide area. Liriope muscari generally grows in a clump form and will spread to about 12 to 18 inches wide. ‘Franklin Mint’ has pale lavender flower spikes above green leave that grow to 12 to 15 inches tall. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. Liriope muscari 'Variegata' SKU. Root rot may occur in sites that have poor drainage or are over-watered. It grows slowly to 12 to 15 inches tall, and prefers shade. It has narrow, grass-like leaves that can grow up to 18" tall. L. muscari, which is usually hardy in zones 5 to 10, also grows easily in full sun to part shade. The leaves are between 3/8 and 1/2 inches wide with larger flowers. It can be invasive in the wrong location. Clusters of bluish black berry-like fruit follow the flowers. It will grow in deep shade or full sun, sand or clay. Lilyturf forms a dense evergreen groundcover with a grass-like appearance. A versatile perennial with dark green, narrow, grass-like foliage highlighted by silvery white vertical striping. It matures at 12 to 15 inches tall. When you plant Liriope spicata, you will end up with a creeping groundcover that, in some situations, can become invasive. ‘Variegata’ has green foliage with white to yellow variegation on the edges of leaves. If plants are removed, an inspection of the root system will reveal discolored roots that are sloughing off their outer root tissue. Flowers give way to blackish berries which often persist into winter. Anthracnose of liriope (Liriope muscari). ‘Samantha’ is a green leafed cultivar with pink flower spikes. Watch: Exotic plant species that are considered to be a potential threat to natural plant communities. Tolerates a wide range of light conditions and soils. As Low As: $6.95. Liriope spicata, (Creeping Lilyturf), found in China and Vietnam, is rhizomatous and can be invasive. It multiplies rapidly and requires very little care. 1). zones 4 to 10 native to China and Japan SELECTIONS. Liriope Muscari . ID - 48225. Tolerant of drought, it’s also suitable for growing beneath trees and shrubs. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. The slower growth rate of 'Silver Dragon' makes it less invasive than standard liriope spicata. Liriope is a genus of evergreen perennials which are often used as groundcovers or border plantings. This disease becomes more prevalent with frequent rainfall or overhead irrigation. ‘Evergreen Giant’ is a very common cultivar that is planted in the Southeast, and it is especially susceptible to leaf and crown rot. 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