2) , R v International Stock Exchange of the UK and RoI, ex p Else (1982) Ltd , R v Kent Police Authority, ex p Godden , R v Leicester City Justices, ex p Barrow , R v Lord President of the Privy Council, ex p Page , R v Metropolitan Police Commissioner, ex p Blackburn , R v North & East Devon Health Authority, ex p Coughlan , R v Panel on Take-Overs and Mergers, ex p Datafin , R v Port of London Authority, ex p Kynoch , R v Race Relations Board, ex p Selvarajan , R v Secretary of State for Defence, ex p Smith , R v Secretary of State for Employment ex parte Equal Opportunities Commission , R v Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs ex parte Everett , R v Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, ex p Lord Rees-Mogg , R v Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, ex p World Development Movement , R v Secretary of State for Home Affairs ex parte Birdi , R v Secretary of State for the Environment, ex p Kirkstall Valley Campaign Ltd , R v Secretary of State for the Environment, ex p Nottinghamshire County Council , R v Secretary of State for the Environment, ex p Ostler , R v Secretary of State for the Environment, ex p Rose Theatre Trust Co Ltd , R v Secretary of State for the Home Department ex parte Brind , R v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex p Brind , R v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex p Cheblak , R v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex p Herbage , R v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex p Oladeinde , R v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex p Swati , R v Secretary of State for Transport, ex p Pegasus Holdings , R v Sevenoaks District Council, ex p Terry , R v Somerset County Council, ex p Fewings , R v West London Coroner, ex p Dallagio , R&B Customs Brokers v United Dominions Trust , Raissi v Commissioner of Police of The Metropolis , Re Buchanan-Wollaston’s Conveyance , Re Organ Retention Group Litigation , Ready Mixed Concrete Ltd v Minister for National Insurance and Pensions , Rees v Darlington Memorial Hospital , Rigby v Chief Constable of Northamptonshire Police , Robb v Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough Council , Roberts v Chief Constable of Cheshire Police , Rockland Industries v Amerada Minerals Corp of Canada , Rose and Frank Co v Crompton & Bros , Rothwell v Chemical & Insulating Co , Rouf v Tragus Holdings & Cafe Rouge , Sainsbury’s Supermarkets v Olympia Homes , Silven Properties v Royal Bank v Scotland , Siu Yin Kwan v Eastern Insurance Co , Smith and Snipes Hall Farm v River Douglas Catchment Board , Smith v Chief Constable of Sussex Police , Smith v East Elloe Rural District Council , Smith v Land & House Property Corp , Smith v Littlewoods Organisation Ltd , South Pacific Manufacturing Co Ltd v NZ Security Consultants [1992, New Zealand], Sovmots Investments v SS Environment , Spartan Steel & Alloys Ltd v Martin & Co , St Albans City & DC v International Computers , St Edmundsbury and Ipswitch Diocesan Board of Finance v Clark (No 2) , Standard Chartered Bank v Pakistan National Shipping Corporation , Steed v Secretary of State for the Home Department , Stockholm Finance v Garden Holdings , Stockton Borough Council v British Gas Plc , Suncorp Insurance and Finance v Milano Assicurazioni , Sutradhar v Natural Environment Research Council , Swift Investments v Combined English Stores Group , Tamplin Steamship v Anglo-Mexican Petroleum , Taylor Fashions Ltd v Liverpool Victoria Trustees Co Ltd, Taylor v Chief Constable of Thames Valley Police , Teheran-Europe v ST Belton (Tractors) , The Queen v Beckford [1988, Privy Council, Jamaica], Tilden Rent-A-Car Co v Clendenning [1978, Canada], Titchener v British Railways Board , Tomlinson v Congleton Borough Council , Trevor Ivory Ltd v Anderson [1992, New Zealand], Trim v North Dorset District Council , Universe Tankships of Monrovia v International Transport Workers Federation , Van Colle v Chief Constable of Hertfordshire Police , Vernon Knight Association v Cornwall County Council , Verschures Creameries v Hull and Netherlands Steamship Co , Victoria Laundry v Newman Industries , Victorian Railways Commissioner v Coultas , Videan v British Transport Commission , Walker v Northumberland City Council , Walters v North Glamorgan NHS Trust , Wandsworth London Borough Council v Railtrak Plc , Wandsworth London Borough Council v Winder , Watson v British Boxing Board of Control , Weller v Foot and Mouth Disease Research Institute , West Bromwich Albion Football Club v El-Safty , William Sindall v Cambridgeshire Country Council, Williams v Natural Life Health Foods Ltd , Wilsher v Essex Area Health Authority , Winter Garden Theatre (London) v Millennium Productions , Woodar Investments v Wimpy Construction , ZH v Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis , The claimants wanted reassurance that they could provide credit to another company (Eazipower). Overseas Tankship (UK) Ltd v Morts Dock & Engineering Co Ltd (Wagon Mound) , Fairchild v Glenhaven Funeral Services , Barnett v Chelsea and Kensington Hospital Management Committee , Hedley Byrne v Heller & Partners  AC 465, Hedley Byrne v Heller & Partners  AC 465 (theoretical…, R (Freedom and Justice Party) v SS Foreign & Commonwealth Affairs: How Should International Law Inform the Common Law. Hedley Byrne v Heller introduced the âassumption of responsibilityâ as a test for the duty of care. (3) These particular defendants in the particular and highly peculiar circumstances of this case did owe a duty of care to these particular plaintiffs. 3. Heller and Partners provided a satisfactory reference for Easipower, which turned out to be incorrect and inappropriate. Words have by no means been put on a par with sticks and stones, but a concession has been made to the possibility that some words may be at least as hannful as physical injury. Prior to the decision, the notion that a party may owe another a duty of care for statements made in reliance had been rejected, with the only remedy for such losses being in contract law. 2) , R v Higher Education Funding Council, ex p Institute of Dental Surgery , R v Hillingdon London Borough Council, ex p Royco Homes , R v Home Secretary ex parte Fire Brigades’ Union , R v Hull Board of Visitors, ex p St Germain (No .1) , R v Inland Revenue Commissioners, ex p MFK Underwriting Agents , R v Inland Revenue Commissioners, ex p National Federation of Self-Employed , R v Inspectorate of Pollution, ex p Greenpeace (No. Finally, it established that a duty is subject to a disclaimer of liability. 14 v Motor Accidents Insurance Bureau [2009, Australia], Calico Printers’ Association v Barclays Bank (1931), Caltex Oil Pty v The Dredge “WillemStad” [1976, Australia], Cambridge Water v Eastern Counties Leather , Captial and Counties Plc v Hampshire County Council , Car & Universal Finance v Caldwell , Case 10/68 Società Eridania v Commission , Case 11/70 Internationale Handelgesellschaft , Case 112/84 Michel Humblot v Directeur des services fiscaux , Case 13/83 Parliament v Council (Transport Policy) , Case 148/77 Hansen v Hauptzollamt de Flensburg (Taxation of Spirits) , Case 152/84 Marshall v Southampton Health Authority (Marshall I) , Case 167/73 Commission v France (French Shipping Crews) , Case 168/78 Commission v France (Tax on Spirits) , Case 170/78 Commission v UK (Wine and Beer) , Case 178/84 Commission v Germany (Beer Purity) , Case 179/80 Roquette Frères v Council , Case 261/81 Walter Rau Lebensmittelwerke v De Smedt PVBA , Case 265/95 Commission v France (Spanish Strawberries) , Case 283/81 CILFIT v Ministry of Health , Case 36/80 Irish Creamery Association v Government of Ireland , Case 7/68 Commission v Italy (Art Treasures) , Case 70/86 Commission v UK (Dim-dip headlights) , Case 98/86 Ministère public v Arthur Mathot , Case C-11/82 Piraiki-Patraiki v Commission , Case C-112/00 Schmidberger v Austria , Case C-113/77 Japanese Ball Bearings , Case C-131/12 Google right to be forgotten case , Case C-132/88 Commission v Greece (Car Tax) , Case C-152/88 Sofrimport v Commission , Case C-181/91 Parliament v Council (Bangladesh Aid) , Case C-188/89 Foster v British Gas , Case C-194/94 CIA Security v Signalson , Case C-2/90 Commission v Belgium (Belgian Waste) , Case C-213/89 R v Secretary of State for Transport, ex p Factortame , Case C-25/62 Plaumann v Commission , Case C-27/04 Commission v Council (Excessive Deficit Procedure) , Case C-300/89 Commission v Council (Titanium Dioxide) , Case C-318/00 Bacardi-Martini v Newcastle United Football Club , Case C-321/95 Greenpeace v Commission , Case C-331/88 R v Minister of Agriculture, ex p Fedesa , Case C-352/98 Bergaderm v Commission , Case C-370/12 Pringle v Government of Ireland , Case C-376/98 (Tobacco Advertising I) , Case C-380/03 (Tobacco Advertising II) , Case C-386/96 Dreyfus v Commission , Case C-392/93 British Telecommunications plc , Case C-41/74 Van Duyn v Home Office , Case C-417/04 Regione Siciliana v Commission , Case C-42/97 Parliament v Council (Linguistic Diversity) , Case C-426/11 Alemo-Herron v Parkwood Leisure Ltd , Case C-443/98 Unilever v Central Food , Case C-470/03 AGM (Lifting Machines) , Case C-486/01 Front National v European Parliament , Case C-491/01 (BAT and Imperial Tobacco) , Case C-506/08 Sweden v MyTravel Group and Commission , Case C-57/89 Commission v Germany (Wild Birds) , Case C-583/11 Inuit Tapitiit Kanatami v Parliament and Council , Case C-62/00 Marks & Spencer v Commissioners of Customs and Excise , Case C-84/94 UK v Council (Working Time Directive) , Case T-526/10 Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami v Commission (Seal Products Case) , Castorina v Chief Constable of Surrey , Caswell v Dairy Produce Quota Tribunal , Catholic Child Welfare Society v Various Claimants , Central London Property Trust v High Trees House , Cheltenham & Gloucester Building Society v Norgan , Cheltenham & Gloucester Plc v Krausz , Chevassus-Marche v Groupe Danone [2008, ECJ], Christmas v General Cleaning Contractors , Chubb Fire Ltd v Vicar of Spalding , Circle Freight International v Medeast Gold Exports , City of London Building Society v Flegg , Co-operative Insurance v Argyll Stores , Cobbe v Yeoman’s Row Management Ltd , Cole v South Tweed Heads Rugby League FC [1994, Australia], Colour Quest Ltd v Total Dominion UK Plc , Cooke v Midland Great Western Railway of Ireland , Cooper v Wandsworth Board of Works , Corbett v Cumbria Cart Racing Club , Corby Group Litigation Claimants v Corby Borough Council , Couch v Branch Investments [1980, New Zealand], Council of Cvil Service Unions v Minister for the Civil Service (The GCHQ Case) , Crest Nicholson Residential (South) Ltd v McAllister , Crimmins v Stevedoring Industry Finance Company [1999, Australia], Crown River Services v Kimbolton Fireworks , CTN Cash and Carry Ltd v Gallagher Ltd , Cuckmere Brick Co v Mutual Finance , Cunliffe-Owen v Teather and Greenwood , Curtis v Chemical Cleaning & Dyeing Co , Customs and Excise Commissioners v Barclays Bank Plc , Daraydan Holidays v Solland International , Darlington Borough Council v Wiltshier Northern , Davis Contractors v Fareham Urban District Council , Desmond v Chief Constable of Nottinghamshire Police , Dimes v Grand Junction Canal Proprietors , Doody v Secretary of State for the Home Department , Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co v New Garage and Motor Co , Edgeworth Construction Ltd v Lea [1976, Canada], Entores v Miles Far East Corporation , Environment Agency v Empress Car Co , Equal Opportunities Commission v Secretary of Sate for Employment , Equity & Law Home Loans v Prestidge , Erlanger v New Sombrero Phosphate Co , Esso Petroleum v Customs and Excise Commissioners , Fundamental rights and the European Union, Primacy and competence of the European Union, European Asian Bank v Punjab Sind Bank (No. S loss a large order to hedley Byrne v Heller & Partners Ltd [ 1963 ] UKHL.! 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