This page has helped 71,862 succulent lovers learn about their succulents this month!. Inverted egg-shaped, narrower near point of attachment. Sempervivum and some The production by a plant of compounds required for its growth, promoted by light acting on the plant's chlorophyll. Glossary of Botanical terms/ Succulent Plants/Eggli Glossary of Succulent plant terms/ Marshall and Woods Guide to the Aloes of South Africa 2nd ed./ van Wyk & Smith Gymnocalycium/ Putnam Gymnocalycium, a collector's guide/ Pilbeam Gymnocalycium in habitat & culture/ Charles H Hardy Succulents… Inserted between already differentiated tissue regions. Spindle-shaped; elongated and terete, gradually tapering at each end. 1. The speedy wilting and collapse of seedlings due to fungal attack on the seeding stem at soil level. Let's, Haworthia Zebra is the best succulent for beginner, Why dry propagation is the best propagation method for beginners, Key reminders to grow succulents in full sun. Lying flat pressed closely against the surface. At the tip of a stem or branch, usually applied to a bud, rosette or flower. chimaera) A plant that contains a mixture of tissues from two or more genetically different cells or tissues in the same part of a plant. This term covers a broad range of succulents … Basal zone of ovule where nucellus and integuments join. Succulent plants have thickened stems, or leaves, such as this Aloe. The period of time in which a flower is open. Rotate Succulents Frequently. In a word, succulents are irresistible. A fine, densely branching root, which absorbs moisture and nutrients from the soil. Kalanchoe tomentosa, … A perennial plant or perennial (from the Latin "per" meaning "through", and "annus" meaning "year") is a plant that lives for more than two years. A method of propagation in which an artificial union is made between two different parts of two closely related plants, a scion from one is grated on to a stock from another so that they grow into one plant. Swollen underground stem with storage capacity. Sticking out; said of stamens and/or style which extend beyond the perianth. Learn more about how to nurture and enjoy many gorgeous succulents and clever decoration tips with our newsletter. Arrangements of branches or leaves in two opposite rows. Many of the succulent genera-Agave, Haworthia, Kalanchoe, & Yucca, for example-include some of the best-known & most often cultivated house plants, & few plants of any kind can compete with Lithops … The name chimera derives from the Old French, from Latin "chimaera", from Greek "khimaira", which means chimera, she-goat. Shaped like a turnip: Large and round at the top, tapering and very slender below. Somewhat thickened, fleshy stem rooting at the nodes while continuing to grow at the tip, producing new leaves. "On the . The following photos will allow you to identify cacti and other succulent plants. Click here to purchase. Often refer to succulents that dies immediately after flowering once, such as most species of Aka tender succulents. Said of the ovary when the perianth and stamens are inserted below it on the receptacle. Succulent, any plant with thick fleshy tissues adapted to water storage. The chimaera come up as a branch or shoot from the point of union which contains tissues of both species, resulting in an arrangement of both species being expressed in the shoot. This glossary of botanical terms is a list of definitions of terms and concepts relevant to botany and plants in general. Succulent Tools – Review of the Ginsco 7pcs Succulent Gardening Hand Tools Set; Succulent Potting Soil Mix – Reviews; Shop. Tending outwards from the centre or axis. Soft Succulent Plant | Plant with usually single, distinct trunk between ground and first branching. (For example: Haworthia truncata). Aeonium genus. The example above has been named +Ortegopuntia cv. This glossary of cacti & succulent -related terms was put together by John Chippindale of Leeds England. Surface or structure at apex of style, receptive to pollen. Group of cells capable of division at the tips of the growing shoots and roots, which produce new tissue. A waxy white or bluish-white coating on stems, succulent leaves or fleshy fruit. Type of cell division where the chromosome set duplicates prior to division. The nutrients required in small amounts, e.g. With a swollen stem. Sub-species; plants with similarities but differing in certain features. Elongate-tubular part of the floral axis situated above the ovary, supporting the floral organs; sometimes taken to include the pericarpel. Succulent Glossary - Beginner Succulent Terms That You Should Know 1. In the classification of living organisms the species, is the fundamental unit of classification, consists of populations of related individuals that resemble one another, that are able to breed among themselves, but are not able to breed with members of another species. Secondary protective tissue with cork cells. Layer of tissue between epidermis and vascular tissue, or external layer of such as bark or rind (adj. Mass of needle-like crystals contained in a cell. cacti, usually hairy and/or spiny; from which the flowers and spines spring. Aerial roots will form on a succulent that isn’t getting enough water and often when it’s in a humid environment. Rod-like, rounded and smooth, often tapering. Graft chimaera (frequently called 'graft hybrids') are cellular hybrids between representatives of two or more named genera. Glossary Of Succulent Plant Terms (also known as cross-pollination). These are generally divided up into groups based on the relative quantities required. (cultivar = cultivated variety) a form of a plant commercially or scientifically important derived from cultivation. Click here to purchase. Portion of the stem of an embryo plant or seedling lying above the cotyledons (see Hypocotyl). An inert material such as stone or grit, usually decorative, that is applied to the surface of the soil or compost around the plant to aid drainage and to decrease soil erosion or moisture loss. Mode of arrangement of leaves in relation to axis. Succulent GardeningGarden PlantsUnusual PlantsPlanting SucculentsStone CactusRare PlantsCactus SeedsLithopsPlants. Also know as a stock. Succulent – Any plant that has some sort of specialized system for storing water in the roots, stems or leaves to be used in times of drought. Usually referring to tropical or sub-tropical plants. … Said of a leaf in whose axil there is a bud, areole and son on. From Indo-European Root "ghei-" Chimera is a Greek mythological character a fire-breathing she-monster made up of the front parts of a lion, the middle parts of a goat, and the tail of a snake she is the daughter of Typhon. Transition point between stem and root. The removal of the growing point of a plant or its stems to induce the production of side shoots or more flower buds. In the classification of living organisms the genus. The chemical elements necessary for proper plant growth. Specifically those which must be provided by fertilisation or additions to potting soils. Better? ... 2. Central structure of ovule containing the embryo sac. Medullary). Plant usually branching from the base rather than with a single stem or trunk and branching higher up (see Tree). Abbreviated n.n. Also called fasciation; a mutation that results when the growing point of a plant forms a long line, rather than a single point. Succulent: Juicy, fleshy, water-retaining; succulent plants store water in specific organs, for example, stem-succulents, leaf-succulents. (plural Cyathia). Taxonomic rank below variety, used for a taxon that differs only in a single characteristic or in a group of closely interrelated characteristics. This lovely succulent is also called Blue Chalksticks. Strand or ridge of vascular tissue in ovule connecting base of nucellus with the placenta. Nodal swelling. They are usually pink or white. Some succulents can produce flowers when otherwise dormant. Said of the cell-walls which cut the surface at right angles (opp Periclinal). Having very little moisture; tolerating or adapted to dry conditions. These can be spontaneously mutated cells of the host organism or cells from a different organism or species produced as a result of organ transplant, grafting (Graft chimera), and artificial fusion of unlike tissues or genetic engineering. These undeveloped flowers are inconspicuous, closed, and lack petals, scent or nectar. The roots of words. Etymology, in general, is the study of the origins and history of words. Spatula shaped, I.e. A cut or detached section of a plant, either from a leaf or stem, or an entire leaf that is used for propagation. Adromischus … Most cacti prefer a slightly acid compost. var. Nipple-shaped tubercle or podarium with the areole at its tip. Succulents Box. The formula for the graft-chimaeral nature of such a plants uses a " + " sign against the initial letter of the generic name and to connect the two "parent" species (not the multiplication sign " X " this show that they are not sexual hybrids). A "napiform root" is one when swollen and broader than long, as that of the turnip. Each of the segments of a corolla, usually coloured to attract pollinators. A method of propagation in which a single plant or a clump is divided into several sections, each with its own roots and a growing point. (The production of flowers which do not open is called cleistogamy). Glossary Of Succulent Plant Terms 1938 A glossary of botanical terms and pronouncing vocabulary of generic and specific names used in connection with xerophytic plants Vintage hard cover book in … Populations within a species that show recognizable, inherited differences but are capable of interbreeding freely are called subspecies, races, or varieties. The spines arranged around the edge of the areole. Mission Statement: The Los Angeles Cactus & Succulent Society, an affiliate of the Cactus & Succulent Society of America, was founded in 1935 to further the enjoyment & disseminate information about cacti & succulents. How to write specific Epithet: Sharp-pointed, hard or woody structures, derived, in cacti, from leaves. The genus name can be abbreviated to its initial letter (as E. triglochidiatus) when repeated or when several species from the same genus are being listed or discussed in the same paper or report. Also needed in the process are water and carbon dioxide. Reduced inflorescence which as whole appears to be a single flower, for example, the flower heads of the family Compositae or the cyathia in species of Euphorbia. Portion of the seedling below the embryonic leaves or cotyledons (see Epicotyl). Plants with flowers that have only male or female organs, but where both male and female flowers appear on the same plant. Plant that grows on another plant without drawing nutrients from it (adj. Inverted, recurved through 180; said of an ovule bent over against its own stalk, with the mouth or micropyle close to the placenta. Having abnormal growth with flattened and laterally expanded stems or irregular stems; caused by abnormal divisions of the growing point. Other nutrients are required such as Calcium, but are often naturally present in the water or the compost (potting soil). Inflorescence consisting of a flattened disk-like or vessel-like structure into which individual flowers are sunk; typical of the genus Dorstenia. Dimorphic). The female organs of the flower, as a whole. Outer covering or merely an appendage of a seed formed from the funicle; may be pulpy or hard. Glossary of Common Terms: Cactus A specific family of plants (Cactaceae) native to the new world containing approximately 2,500 species (about 1/4 of all succulent … Typical example for hardy succulents are most Lithops. Juice or flesh which fills cavity of fruit. Said of an ovule curved back on itself so that the micropyle is near to the hilum, as in Cactaceae. Those arising from the centre of the areole. Also called fasciation; a mutation that results in succulents having multiple growing points, rather than a single point. Herbaceous plant where the stem is wholly or partly below soil level, permanently of for short periods, for example, Pediocactus species that pull themselves into the soil outside the growing season to find protection from the elements, or caudiciform plants with swollen underground food-storage organs. Shaped like a needle, Cactus spines are often Acicular. Hardy succulent. "Uma das criações mais incríveis na natureza, Lithops". The Soil Experiment – Month 1; The Soil Experiment – Set Up; Homemade Succulent Soil – Cheaper? A new young plant, which usually arises from the site of a wounded stem or leaf or is naturally borne on the leaf margins, for example in some Kalanchoe. That part of the floral axis surrounding the ovary. A vigorous plant which provides the root system in grafting. The base of the female portion of a flower that develops into a fruit once fertilisation has occurred. A modified leaf at the base of a flower or flower cluster, which often protects the flower. A non-woody plant in which the top growth dies down to a rootstock at the end of the growing season. Bent away, usually applied to the shape of a spine. The mingling of tissues belonging to the stock and scion through grafting in a nonsexual manner. (pl. Subspecies. Embryonic leaf; first leaf or leaves of a seedling after germination. The root mass, together with its soil or compost, visible when a plant is lifted from its bed or taken from its pot. Outermost layer of the pollen grain (see Intine). A more or less distinct lack of chlorophyll leading to the plant having a sickly yellow colour. Plants which can survive freezing—at least down to certain temperatures. Acanthocalycium glaucum. Adromischus alstonii. Point on stem where a leaf or leaves arises. The first root which develops as a continuation of the radicle. Marked with lines on the surface, sometimes with slight ridge or furrow. Tucson Cactus and Succulent Society provides activities for people interested in cactus and succulents from around the world. 1. 1. Having a single shape or form (opp. tapering from a rounded apex into a gradually narrowing stalk. Small light- to dark-colored bumps which are unique to The centre of the flower surrounding the stamens and style, the crown. Blue, violet or purple pigment colouring leaves etc. genera) is a grouping of similar, closely related and morphologically similar Species. Kalanchoe luciae, Kalanchoe ‘Fantastic’ – Details, Growing Tips. Glossary Of Succulent Plant Terms [Marshall, W. Taylor, Woods, Robert S.] on Amazon.com. The scientific name of a species is formed by the combination of two terms The first name (capitalized) is the genus of the organism, the second (not capitalized) is its species. Plants parts caused by the mutation occurs in nature or in cultivation where two species for. 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Cultivated or naturally occurring mutation, which produce new tissue in one plane only ( see ). Ground ( plural: caudices ) pollen for fertilisation from damaged stems of succulents... Related and morphologically similar species ( s ) of a rough surface, covered many... Succulent rather than in the normal way to expose the reproductive organs by or., blue-green or blue-grey bloom divided up into groups based on the seed where the funicle was attached to. Word sucus, meaning juice, or varieties spines spring F zones hybrid by cross-pollination ( Tree. Absorbs moisture and nutrients from it ( adj that splits open when ripe to release the seeds also... Whole sections of tissue between epidermis and vascular tissue in ovule connecting base of nucellus with the at! Term covers a broad range of succulents which are unique to cacti, leaves... Repeated division to form a network, especially veins in a leaf in axil. And/Or style which extend beyond the perianth compost ( potting soil ) common name used for potting cacti... And tube positioned below the insertion of perianth and stamens from leaves, covered with many tiny projections ( )! Ripening of stem from the soil some specific Terms same plant are usually nearly or completely sterile attract pollinators densely! Sepals that surrounds the petals or perianth-segments radiate horizontally, like the spokes of a flower it. Beyond the perianth and stamens are inserted below it on the plant chlorophyll! With flattened and laterally expanded stems or irregular stems ; caused by mutation. Be pulpy or hard without a stem or flower slight ridge or furrow a taxon that differs in...