More correctly, they are often the factor which ultimately determines its originality and extent to which it has been restored or ‘improved’ with a view to pre-dating or faking a later piece. Burr veneers were obtained by malformations of the grain due to injury, such as lopping. H��W]o�:��D� QE��zL�{w���m.X䅑[IԊRS����rl)�nEڢ�1s�3��gyH�8Ҙ������݆�}�=$4��ήÀ�0�qA�����,�J���ˎ�ˮ.U�����댲�,���ga?�Eb��v,M`J�xL�O�E��nNų &���I�'ɓ�="�N�o=0C|�)�< In an HTML document a Relative Link indicates the location of a file relative to the document, whereas an absolute link specifies the full URL. © 2020 Wakefield-Scearce Galleries. Also used to describe the curve of a broken pediment cornice. Strapwork – Carved decoration used originally in the oak period from mid-sixteenth to mid-seventeenth century but again in Chippendale period. The retention of this oil varnish, which provides a magnificently mellowed surface after years of polishing, is an important factor in pagination. Garden Furniture Rattan Furniture Parasols Benches Dining Sets Loungers Wooden Furniture Party Tents & Gazebos. Plinth – The square base of a column; also used to describe the flat base support of a piece of furniture. Cam lock A complete locking assembly in the form of a cylinder whose cam is the actual locking bolt. A disadvantage was that unless the stop blocks at the back of the drawer remained fixed. Splat – The vertical central upright of a chair back. Boulle – decorative inlay of brass into wood or tortoiseshell named after French cabinetmaker André-Charles Boulle who perfected the process. material. . a marked stripe figure, used for interior joinery, furniture and flooring. ��Q���~+I+�'�բ)$QOD����dݕ��{GT�D�^ub#�Z~+< �k���'�SH��a��)�`�^H�� ){��3#���)��fp���YBp�^�^����Jn�gvhћh���t�6Qy)��z��LNe��Ʊ��눝�V���J�dK�mU�}K���ADO M�SMO. Hepplewhite and Sheraton both illustrated carved chairs in the 1790s and subsequently, through Regency and Victorian periods, it was used in dining chairs and others. �rө�Y?\��MybpYY�Z6rCYX�VM 9�p��B8��~��hF)sdwq�?�[1��(j�2{_��C���K`��|zzc1�Cx�&eC^�e�%;5��2 ª{�(P�-��uę�0��������Gw��d �l���Np�r[�5���= N k��$���n��4�k/��ᘕZf��@#8��ס��}|)T�!|u�O�QL��4�؊fl H�j s�#����E/���n-�ۙ�a��)ȣ�_�\. Ormolu – A gilt composition metal used as a surface ornamentation on metal mounts, etc. Loop-Back: An oval chair back without arms. The meanness and over-sophistication of the mouldings on Victorian reproductions gives them away instantly, quite apart from considerations of color and ageing. A Quick Guide to Design Terminology: Furniture. Furniture & Design Terms. The backs, arms and feet of chairs and sofas come with elaborately carved floral designs. 1. This form has continued up to modern times. Lacquer – Lacquer furniture was popular from an early date, being originally imported during the sixteenth century but becoming more popular during the seventeenth. �8�)�����#�y��;�֛=��[�}�V;}����6.4�ˌ۟xk���=<61N9�ӵ���E���;����%6�4� wɽ) Ebonised Wood – Wood which has been stained black to simulate ebony. Canted Corner – Bevelled or chamfered corners, found on carcase furniture – chests, bureaux, etc., sometimes decorated with a blind fret, reeding, fluting, etc. Clubfoot – Virtually the same as a pad foot and most commonly found on cabriole legs. Bracket – used in chairs and tables to strengthen the joint between leg and supporting rails, often with decorative effect by means of fretting. The foot is usually of claw form and this type of support is of Regency period. Subsequently beeswax and turpentine polish was used to keep surfaces in good condition and to preserve the wood. Faux Leather / Leatherette From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Although some of the terminology may be confusing it is helpful to read them below and then view our antique furniture for … Acanthus Leaves. It has very few defects. See ‘Broken Pediment’. Also see ‘Hairy Feet’. Anthemion –  Another decoration, this time like the flower of the honeysuckle. Between the drawers at this time the carcase fronts were covered by the half-round or D-moulding and the double half-round or double-D moulding, with the latter the rarer of the two. �5��Z���4�(8Uē)*��l>N�, Jun 3, 2014 - A Glossary of Furniture Terms Infographic. 1. Cushion Drawer – A drawer set in the upper moulding or frieze of a secretaire or chest having a convex, or ‘cushion’, shape to the front. Gesso – A sort of plaster composition or gunge, used as a base for applying gilding and usually moulded in bas relief on mirror frames or furniture, rather as plaster was in the nineteenth century. Using key words in web headlines, standfirsts and captions to make sure a story comes up as high as possible on a web search. Applied Carving . Husk – A decoration used in Adam and Hepplewhite designs of bell-shaped form frequently shown in festoons. Gothic – A style which keeps reappearing but which is derived from Gothic architecture and was used on furniture in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, again in the mid-eighteenth century, again in Regency times (‘Strawberry Hill Gothic‘)  and again in Victorian times by Pugin, etc. Carcase – A term generally used to describe the frame of which a chest of drawers, or bureau was built. Tip. a groove let into the thick side linings, made of oak, ants as a bearing for rectangular section bearers inside the carcase, on which the drawer runs and is supported. The inverted heart shape was much used in the furniture of this style and bronze beaten plaques were also popular as decoration. Sitka spruce This is a close and straight grained wood with a high strength-to-weight ratio. This was a strip of wood – usually oak – fixed under the drawer at each end which ran on horizontal bearers on the underlinings of a chest. Blind Fret – fretwork glued or carved upon a solid surface. Astragal – small semicircular convex bead moulding used as glazing bars and to hide joints. Active program or window - The application or window at the front (foreground) on the monitor. Attended in July 2019. Again used in Adam designs and also during the Regency period. Cabriole Leg – introduced to England in the early eighteenth century and originally terminating in a hoof foot, the cabriole leg was subject to many design variations and was produced with pad, hoof, claw and ball, paw and scroll foot according to taste. A peg standing proud of the bench surface. Domestically it seems to have been common to oil furniture, but beeswax polishing with a brush was employed also. >> Walnut furniture of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century was initially brushed with oil varnish to provide a surface for polishing with wax. Usually a chair will have the crest rail set on top of the stiles and a backstool will have it set in the middle. All modern veneered furniture is covered in these thin knife-cut sheets. Furniture Glossary of Terms. Patina – The deny surface shine or gloss produced by years of undisturbed polishing and rubbing. Escritoire – A word borrowed from the French to denote a piece of furniture at which one can write. Cresting Rail – The top rail of a chair, joining the two back uprights at the top. A Dutch influence seen in Elizabethan and Jacobean furniture. Dovetailing – One of the broad methods of dating a chest is by the dovetailing. The team is very friendly and professional, both in terms of the teaching and support outside the classroom. The Insured Item(s) shall mean the furniture purchased at a Harveys Furniture Store, or via the Harveys internet web-site, or via the telephone, (Harveys), and for which you purchased Care & Protection as shown in Your Certificate of Insurance and sales order. Stringing – Thin lines of inlay used as formal decoration, usually made in contrasting woods such as box, with possibly ebony and box patterning in later eighteenth century pieces. French term for "drop lid" or "fall front" as in an abattant secretary. Here we have listed some of the words you might want to enter int… The industry has its own abbreviations, adjectives, and furniture terminology which we use frequently, forgetting that not everyone speaks this language. Ram’s Head – Decoration used by Adam in mask form. Used for border decoration. Glossary of Terminology used in the Antique Furniture manufacturing from A to Z... Home; Antique Furniture Glossary "A" TO "E" Abattant . Read on for their explanation of designer jargon and consider making use of these words the next time you find yourself in a design chat. Cockbead – A small bead moulding used on the edges of drawer fronts from 1725 onwards. By the late seventeenth century it was being produced in England, but the vogue seemed to die down to lesser proportions In the second quarter of the eighteenth century. Indeed, oak and walnut furniture of this period was also stained this way. In the eighteenth century and before, the mouldings used were based on architectural designs and had a boldness of shape and execution which nineteenth century makers with machines to do the work failed to maintain. Concurrent with the lip moulding the cockbead appeared. Used on gateleg and Pembroke tables. Bombé – French term for a swelling or bulging shape. For example, the relative link of this Glossary to the ICT4LT homepage is ../en/en_glossary.htm whereas it's In chests and cabinets along the bottom. Log Furniture: Western and rustic style furnishings that are made out of actual wood logs. Spoon back – Descriptive of chair back on which the splat curves like a spoon handle. Serpentine – A curved shaping particularly valued in chest front forms. Varnishing in the modern sense was also used, many inferior woods being varnished dark brown in order to resemble mahogany. Initially it is probable that a vertically veneered front with simple diagonal grain crossbanding – a sort of half herring-bone – was used. Mitre Joint – A joint made by fitting together two surfaces cut at an angle of 45 degrees. Castors – Early forms of castors were made – c. 1700 – of wood, both wheel and axle. Ball foot – a turned round or spherical shaped foot used mainly in the 17th century. Backstool – a stool of the oak age with a back and no arms which proceeded the side chair form. Mahogany furniture of the eighteenth century was treated according to its type. Characterized by curved pointed arches. It looks like this book is on our website merchantnavymemorialtrust.org.uk. Its use seems to have declined after the William and Mary period (1689-1702) and was revived again in the late eighteenth century. Sunburst – A decoration of radiating lines or rays used particularly in the bottom drawers of tallboys and chests of the walnut period from 1700 to 1730. Seen in chair stretchers and/or backs and table legs. Often placed at the meeting of doors to keep out dust. Swan-neck – Term used to describe drop handles of eighteenth century form. If left as open decoration, known as ‘open’ fret. Furniture terms and Descriptions. Layout by a designer that shows where pieces will go. Break-front – a term usually applied to bookcases and descriptive of a center section which protrudes out beyond the line of the sides. Cartouche – A decoration, usually in the form of a flat surface with shield or scroll shape on which an inscription or monogram can be placed. equipment for streets and other public areas, as lighting standards, signs, benches, or litter bins. When designing an office layout, CAD is the program frequently used by architects, interior designers, and office managers. Curvilinear. • functional furniture e.g. The French name was pied-de-biche. Accent Furniture - Any piece of furniture placed to add decoration to a room or to compliment another piece (or pieces) of furniture. This helped to seal off the wood and provide a bright hard finish. About the time of the transition to walnut, in 1680, the bottom runner appeared. A glossary of furniture related terms and acronyms to help you better understand styles, design and furniture construction. Used around drawer edges to lip over carcase fronts in walnut and early mahogany furniture up to c.1745. Reeding – Convex raised beads on furniture: the opposite of fluting. A type of leaf used as a carving motif since ancient times. Furniture Dictionary . Fluting – Grooving of semi-circular or concave section used as ornament or design on flat or turned surfaces, usually to lighten the appearance of a piece or to give a required proportion to the design. Made by laying two strips of veneer at right angles to each other in ‘V’ form to give a feathered or herring-bone effect. Towards the end of the eighteenth century the mouldings became tighter and under the influence of Hepplewhite and Sheraton designs were curtailed or dispensed with altogether. Terminology Please note that these translations are only a guide, and any difference in spelling from one source to another is due to the translation from Chinese characters to the English alphabet. Art Deco: A style popular from the 1920s to the 1930s characterised by bold geometric designs. Honduras mahogany was either oil  varnished or rubbed with linseed oil and brick dust to give a hard polish. Scrutoire – Synonym for escritoire, secretaire or writing cabinet. The word combines the Latin curvare meaning “to curve, bend” and linea, “line”. Different Antique Furniture Terminology From A to Z. Popular in the late eighteenth century on Adam and other furniture. Bamboo furniture itself tends to be a Victorian manufacture, since much bamboo furniture was produced in the late nineteenth century perhaps as a feature of the heyday of Empire. Accessories for something since ancient times surfaces in good condition and to hide joints furniture,. Black to simulate ebony were fairly thick – up to c.1745 panel – a turned round or shaped! Its hinges by people forgetting to pull out the examples for each any piece of furniture for containing flowers plants... 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