But what exactly is religion? (James L.Cox,p.159.A guide to the Phenomenology of religion .key figure ,formative influence and subsequent debate. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! (Michael T.Mclaughlin,p96, Editrice Ponteficia Universita` Grecoriana Roma 2003)In many occasions he confirmed that he does not intend to promote any old religion or to find a new one and he strongly oppose religious particolarism. Legatus, for example, is an organization of 1,200 Catholic CEOs and spouses who meet regularly and are committed to "study, live and spread the Catholic faith in their business, professional, and personal lives." Which of these four approaches do you take in your everyday life, and why? We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. The method used was to compare the subjective experience with the intent of shaping the arrangement of religion itself from within the structure. A criticism of Aurobindo’s view may be seen that it seeks to remain within religion itself, similar to that of Smart as they both emphasise the importance of the experience of religion, a personal contact with God or Gods, however within Marxism we can see a move away from this religious experience. Thus in principle it is the study of all religions from a viewpoint not isolated within any one of them. Wetherefore currently lack a decisive criterion that would enable clearrulings whether some movements should count as religions (e.g.,Scientology or Cargo cults of the Pacific islands). We will discuss religious studies as an academic discipline, the phenomenology of religion, history of religion, the sociological and anthropological approaches, the psychology of religion, ecological approaches, feminist theory, and post-modern theory. To date, a much larger literature exists under the rubric of feministtheology than of feminist philosophy of religion. The scientific study of nonreligion has been described as being ‘under the spell’ of religion because the vast majority of research investigates nonbelief in respect to belief. The Social and Institutional Dimension. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Can we truly compare two totally different views religion one very internal the other very visual? 5th May 2017 Logicality is one of our most useful qualities. All work is written to order. endobj <>>> Religion This approach is referred to as the: a. functional approach. We may conclude saying that maybe religions will never combine in to one global faith ,but we do think that the society is moving towards a global ideology that have a space for religion and identify the contributions of the diverse ethnicity and traditions and bring a new way in helping us to work together for the support of human values and spirituality. [���*��d��A3�@&��A�JV�{7?�����9��u2��;|����f����O�i�c6[���)!���������遜|�O��c�����K�MfS�_3X2��?�3���}9��M=���} 8�g��X/!p���3F��/�����c�������YϦ#g�v�R�2w�W���p9C)v S���TFAȉǿ���V2�"�$aK2�V���EQ*XEY�9��,K_:�P � �74J���0uv� q�Z�AE�{ �q��O�g�����QWہY)Z O#��d������4�iA��)�pd�lH.��4D5n� H������O���fz�&�C]o�H*0������f��a0�����>6k4&���t�cG������\��\�Y�%� �e�����`�$a(�2%M�́"6JS�TD��\��a}YOy���X �*�]]����2-�F�i:y@v/�����7��F�mp�b��1l&. Evolution-ism is unsurprising, of course, in biological anthropology, a major sub- ... pological Approaches to the Study of Religion. What may be the way forward in the teaching and definition of religion is to accept the singularity of each religion and each individuals faith and seek ways in which they can be accommodated within a safe international environment that moves away from empirical definitions. 4 0 obj 3 0 obj There are four main approaches … The first history of religion was the Treatise on the Religious and Philosophical Sects (1127 CE), written by the Muslim scholar Muhammad al-Shahrastani. Others have no clear vision upon their religious identity and are searching possible traditions, ready to meet their spiritual exploration .So they start looking for different approaches to their study ,bringing along different opinions and whatever the process and methodology is, will bring them information from which eventually they will find answers or give opinion. How might we study such a diverse aspect of human culture? The study of religion emerged as a formal discipline during the 19th century, when the methods and approaches of history, philology, literary criticism, psychology, anthropology, sociology, economics, and other fields were brought to bear on the task of determining the history, origins, and functions of religion. ADVERTISEMENTS: Durkheim’s last major book “The elementary forms of Religious life” (1912) has been regarded as one of the most profound and most original work upon Religion. Four advantages of a systemic approach to the study of religion Richard Sosis University of Connecticut, USA Abstract There has been increasing interest in the evolutionary study of religion, but perfunctory fractionalization has limited our ability to explain how and why religion evolved, evaluate religion… The works of both Sri Aurobindo and Ninian Smart shows two drastic and completely different approaches to religion. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. The field of religion/worldview is a broadly defined area of study. Introduction and Anthology It is the logic of Nature’s process”. Second, in the twentiethcentury, once philosophy of religion was … (Scott London ,the future of religion an Interview with Ninian Smart June 1999 issue ofThe Witnessmagazine. ) 476 BCE) and Herodotus (ca. So with Aurobindo is clear the goal is more directly mystical ,to became one with the divine . Looking for a flexible role? First of all we have to say that both, Smart and Aurobindo have not defined religion from objective point of view but rather to determine religion in terms of its own value. %���� We can confirm that the method of study that Smart used in his approach comprehend both external and internal analysis of religion, characterized by phenomenological perspectives. Members work to help the underprivileged, build religious schools, support missionary work and promote Catholic values in business. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. The practice of religion can include feasts and festivals, intercession with God or gods, marriage and funeral services, music and art, meditation or initiation, sacrifice or … %PDF-1.5 He explains that such experience definitely will change positions on previous views regarding religious tradition. Research approaches in the study of religion, Studia Humana, Vol. Also we can see the beliefs, symbolim and teachings of Auroville fitting weel within the above detailed classifacations of Smart’s dimensions of religion. Psychology of religion consists of the application of psychological methods and interpretive frameworks to the diverse contents of religious traditions as well as to both religious and irreligious individuals. Durkheim viewed religion within the context of the entire society and acknowledged its place in influencing the thinking and behavior of the members of society. Many say the etymology of religion lies with the Latin word religare, which means "to tie, to bind. *You can also browse our support articles here >, The Practical and ritual dimensions (BBC.Religion). Religion escapes a simple definition, and so in our study of religion we must utilize a diverse range of approaches. Waardenburg, Jacques Classical Approaches to the Study of Religion Aims, Methods and Theories of Research. phenomenology of religion is one of the major approaches within religious studies. So he is proposing a mystical goal and from his yogic teachings he guides,shows and achieves that. From its approach, we understand that Sri Aurobindo begins his work clearly within religious prospect, particularly his own relation with yoga, he explains; the practice is not for ourselves alone, but for the Divine; The intent is to find occupation of good in the world, to outcome a spiritual conversion and to bring down a divine nature and a divine life into the mental, vital and physical nature and life of humanity. Start studying Prothero's 4-Part Approach to All Religions. THE ACADEMIC STUDY OF RELIGION To address the following questions, consider the four approaches to religion described in the introduction to this module: exclusivism, inclusivism, pluralism and empathetic interest in other people. Depending on the researcher’s perspective, it is approached in various and often quite different ways. Although I cannot make the full case here, I sketch a preliminary defense of the third approach, in the context of recent debates in political theory. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! The Ethical and Legal Dimension. For the last four decades universities and schools have been acting in response to a constant , steady demand for courses upon the study of religion .The people who take these courses are usually involved in religion themselves ,many are involved a in religious communities or, wishing to know more and learn regarding the religious beliefs of others. The stage from man to super being is the next which depends from the approach of the achievement on the evolution on earth. ... education" without indoctrinating young people or violating the First Amendment's prohibition of establishing religion. Aurobindo offers no guidance upon other religions as his account is purely personal. stream Religion, in many ways, is a ubiquitous aspect of human culture. It also depends heavily on the motives the researcher brings to his or her investigation of religious or worldview issues. Despite development of secular ideas and concepts in the Western world, we can observe increasing interest in the study of religion. It all depends on the person you are and the personal period of life you are going through. The field of religion/worldview is a broadly defined area of study. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. This research formed the basis of Durkheim's 1921 book, The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life, which is certainly the best‐known study on the sociology of religion. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. These questions within Smarts Classifactory account would help to define a religion. Unlike the Eastern religions' passive approach, salvation religions like Christianity are active, demanding continuous struggles against sin and the negative aspects of society. Wach was concerned with emphasizing three aspects of religion—the theoretical (or mental; i.e., religious ideas and images), the practical (or behavioral), and the institutional (or social)—and, because of his concern for the study of religious experience, he interested himself in the sociology of religion, attempting to indicate how religious values tended to shape the institutions that expressed them. <>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 20 0 R 21 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> religion is a system of symbols which acts to establish powerful, pervasive and long-lasting moods and motivations in men by formulating the conceptions of a general order of existence and clothing these conceptions with such an aura of factuality that the moods and motivations seem uniquely realistic It also depends heavily on the motives the researcher brings to his or her investigation of religious or worldview issues. He is not final. Later, during the Middle Ages, Islamic scholars such as Ibn Hazm (d. 1064 CE) studied Persian, Jewish, Christian, and Indian religions, among others. Four main reasonshave been suggested for this (Frankenberry & Thie 1994: 2–4). Continuum International publishing group .2006. The Practical and ritual dimensions (BBC.Religion) Smart’s perspective in sustaining a phenomenological perception to the methodology of approach to the study, is … The aim of this paper is to give an outline of key approaches to the study of media and religion, and to direct you towards resources that can help you explore these in more depth. Ninian Smart’s approach to religion is described in his academic literature as a completely new way to the thinking of religion. 484 BCE – 425 BCE). It is regarded as his best and most mature work. This approach can be better understood in his ritual dimension, involvement with worshipping, meditations, pilgrimages, sacrifices and healing activities .Of course doctrinal and philosophical dimension is to be taken in consideration without living behind the experimental and emotional dimension and the important ethical and legal dimension. Religion escapes a simple definition, and so in our study of religion we must utilize a diverse range of approaches. Religion, we might say, is everywhere. Religion, we might say, is everywhere. In this approach, students learn the following four fundamental tenets of the academic study of religion. Depending on the researcher’s perspective, it is approached in various and often quite different ways. 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