Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull Volcano, Iceland. 2. Most Recent Weekly Report: 27 October-2 November 2010 Cite this Report. Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano. Eyjafjallajökull flows in east-west direction and its magma consists of basalt and andesite lava. Here eyja means island, fjall means mountain and jökull means glacier. Eyjafjallajökull eruption 2010 Eyjafjallajökull Facts – Iceland’s Most Famous Volcano. On March 20, 2010, Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted for the first time since 1821. Suitable for GCSE, AS Level, A Level Geography and beyond. This made meltwater floods to rush down the nearby rivers. Volcanic ash was thrown several kilometres into the atmosphere. The source of magma of Eyjafjallajökull lies where the continental plates of mid-atlantic ridge meet. The dust blow over northwest Europe on the 15th and 16th In 1821 some damage was caused due to a minor eruption. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The sea gradually moved about 5km south. With the first eruption occurring on March 20, 2010, there was little explosive activity but some production of lava (Lund & Benediktsson, 2010). Austria Belgium Netherlands Slovenia Italy Eyjafjallajokull: What were the causes and consequences of the Icelandic volcanic eruption? Date Taken: Saturday, April 17, 2010. It most recently erupted in 2010. How the 2010 ash cloud caused chaos: facts and figures. The eruption of Grimsvotn, Iceland's most active volcano, has rekindled memories of … These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The series of events included earthquakes, landslides and melting of the glacier on the top of the mountain. It has been an active volcano since many decades. Iceland has several volcanoes and is situated on two tectonic plates – the North American plate and Eurasian plate. Published Mar 29, 2010 Land Volcanoes In April 2010, Eyjafjallajökull, a volcano in southern Iceland, began spewing several kilometres of volcanic ash into the atmosphere.The cloud of ash forced the greatest airspace closure since World War II, cancelling nearly 100,000 flights and disrupting the travel plans of tourists and business travelers alike throughout northern Europe. The flank eruption in Fimmvörðuháls ceased on 12 April 2010. Weird sounding volcano, Eyjafjallajökull is one of the most famous places in Iceland. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Past eruptions of this volcano have occured in 1821 - 1823 and also 2010. Eyjafjallajökull seen from the sea in summer 2014. It most recently erupted in 2010. Cross section through Eyjafjöll and Katla. Many people had to be evacuated. Its intense black ash clouds shut down the air traffic in surrounding areas in Europe for five days. However, only a day and a half later, at 01:15 UTC on 14 April the second eruption started under 200 m thick ice within the summit caldera of Eyjafjallajökull. The 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcano eruption. The initial visual report of the eruption was at 23:52 GMT, when a red cloud was observed at the volcano, lightening up the sky above the eruptive site. Local scale: Social : Evacuation of 700 people 200 farms destroyed Facial masks Economic: Farming sector was seriously affected Tourism to If you continue using this website, we'll assume you're ok with this. It began erupting again on April 14 and sent wandering ash plumes into the skies that over the next several days spread and disrupted air traffic across northern and central Europe, the ash clouds posing a… The series of events that marked its latest eruption began on March 10, 2010 and continued for 23 days. Photograph of the eruption from the summit of Eyjafjallajökull from the north looking to the south across the Gígjökull outlet glacier, its "missing" proglacial (ice-margin) lake caused by the jökulhlaup that filled in the lake. Photographer With a VEI (Volcanic Explosivity Index) of four, the 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull was not one of the largest recorded eruptions, but the resulting damage was significant. It is one of the oldest stratovolcanoes. Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull Volcano burst into life for the first time in 190 years on March 20, 2010. 3. The volcano erupted several times in 1821 and 1822. In Top Gear TV series (2010), James May went atop the active volcano but managed to leave the place before the eruption began. The 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull That eruption dwarfed what the world has seen from Eyjafjallajökull in recent days, producing about 10 times as much molten rock and throwing ash an estimated 60,000 ft into the sky. The chaos continued for many days. The onset of the eruption was Preceding the eruption of the Eyjafjallajokull volcano, there was seismic and volcanic activity at Fimmvörðuháls (Fimmvorduhals). Its intense black ash clouds shut down the air traffic in surrounding areas in Europe for five days. Its latest 2010 eruption paralysed the air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days. The south end of the mountain was once part of the coastline of the Atlantic ocean. Now there are beautiful steep cliffs and waterfalls. Fimmvorduhals eruption. The glacier’s highest point rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 meters) above sea level. Timeline of the eruption on Eyjafjallajökull: March - April 2010 21 March 2010 Shortly before midnight on March 21st, a 500-600 m long fissure stretching north east to south west opened up on the north-eastern flank of Eyjafjallajokull on the ice-free Fimmvorduhals ridge, which divides this icecap from Myrdalsjokull its 560 km² neighbour to the east. This caused chaos for travellers, many of whom were trying to return home after their Easter vacation. The ash clouds and smoke spread in many nearby areas in the the northern hemisphere. The volcanic eruption near Eyjafjallajökull persists into its second week, with continued lava fountaining and lava flows spilling into nearby canyons. Most historical eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull were explosive. If we breakdown its name, we’ll get three parts. It became very dangerous for aeroplanes to fly and so all commercial flights were stopped in most parts of northern Europe. It was about 800,000 years ago when the Eyjafjallajökull volcano was formed. Its eruption in 2010 interfered with European and transatlantic flights for two weeks. An eruption began in South Iceland in late evening of 20 March 2010 at the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic system (also known as Eyjafjöll volcano – Global Volcanism Program Volcano number 1702-02=). The name Eyjafjallajökull is derived from an Icelandic phrase meaning “the island’s mountain glacier.” The volcano lies beneath Eyjafjallajökull (Eyjafjalla Glacier). On this are located some other volcanoes including Katla, Krafla, and Hekla, all of which are found in Iceland. The volcano was also featured in the movie The Amazing Life of Walter Mitty (2013). 2. It feeds glaciers Gígjökull and Steinholtsjökull. Location Taken: IS. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. A 500-meter- (2,000-foot) long fissure opened in the Fimmvörduháls pass to the west of the ice-covered summit of Eyjafjallajökull. The elevation of the Eyjafjallajökull is 1,651 meters. April 13, 2019 March 14, 2019 by Suvigya. Most eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull are related with eruptions of Katla volcano due to their interconnected magma chamber. It forced a Monty Python star to take a $5,000 cab ride. There were no human fatalities from the 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull. On 14 April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull started to erupt heavily from the top crater in the bottom left of the glacier. Many people had to be evacuated. Eyjafjallajökull is located in the middle of South Iceland between Skógafoss and Mýrdalsjökull in the mountains of Eyjafjöll. In the past, the UK has been affected by volcanic eruptions in Iceland, the most notable being the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull and 2011 Grímsvötn eruptions, which resulted in disruption of air traffic in the North Atlantic and Europe. Radar images of Eyjafjallajökull are strangely similar and comparable to the painting, "The Scream." Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Norway is being governed via iPad. At Christmas 2009 the volcano started to show signs of being active again. You just clipped your first slide! The ice-cap that covers Eyjafjallajökull takes up about 100 square kilometers. Eyjafjallajökull broke out in the years 920 and 1612. Weird sounding volcano, Eyjafjallajökull is one of the most famous places in Iceland. How Do Bottlenose Dolphins Defend Themselves. The ash released from the eruption contained a large fraction of fluoride, which in high doses may harm the bone structure of cattle, horses, sheep and humans. This made meltwater floods to rush down the nearby rivers. The elevation of the Eyjafjallajökull is 1,651 meters. The eruption is thought to have begun on 20 March 2010, about 8 km (5 mi) east of the top crater of the volcano, on Fimmvörðuháls, the high neck between Eyjafjallajökull and the … It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Case study - eruption in a developed country: Eyjafjallajökull. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The name means "island-mountains glacier". Top 10 Wackiest Rains on Different Planets in Space, Facts About the Predatory Terror Birds of Cenozoic Era. Image Dimensions: 4152 x 2995. This website uses cookies and third-party analytics to improve your experience. Volcanic ash was thrown several kilometres into the atmosphere. BGS scientists respond to volcanic eruptions and contribute to the Scientific Advisory Group in Emergencies (SAGE). Eyjafjallajökull volcano is an ice-cap covered stratovolcano located to the north of Skógar (Skogar) and to the west of Mýrdalsjökull (Myrdalsjokull) glacier in southern Iceland. North view of (from left to right) Mýrdalsjökull, Fimmvörðuháls and Eyjafjallajökull on 4 April 2010, taken from an altitude of 10,000 metres (32,800 ft), A photo of Eyjafjallajökull taken in August 2009, The crater three years post eruption in March 2013. Some cattle and sheep died, presumably because of fluoride poisoning. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Eyjafjallajokull glacier: The ash from the volcano underneath it has caused chaos at Britain’s airports. According to a news article from 27 October, a scientist at the University of Iceland Institute of Earth Sciences noted that the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, that began as a fissure eruption on 20 March 2010 and later continued from the summit caldera on 14 April, was over. John Cleese known for his zany humor took a cab ride from Oslo, Norway to Brussels, Belgium when not able to travel by plane. These cookies do not store any personal information. Complete with stunning images. In 2010 Eyjafjallajökull famously erupted causing quite the scene, with ash clouds reaching all the way to Europe and its smoke grounding all air travel for five days!The eruption in Eyjafjallajökull in 2010 was extraordinary and one would have to search quite far back to find a comparison. Here, you can read more Eyjafjallajökull facts. The eruption is thought to have begun on 20 March 2010, about 8 kilometres (5 mi) east of the top crater of the volcano, on Fimmvörðuháls, the high neck between Eyjafjallajökull … into the crust from the mantle during the eruption. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Six months later, the population living in the area had more respiratory symptoms than a control group from North Iceland, where there was no ashfall.In Scotland, the number of phone calls to health services for respiratory and eye irritation did not rise significantly. On 14 April 2010 the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull volcano (63.63°N, 19.62°W, 1666 m asl) on Iceland started to send a … Eyjafjallajökull (pronounce: "Ei-ya-fyat-LA-yer-kitle) is a volcano in Iceland. Does the earth’s magnetic field change over time? Its latest 2010 eruption paralysed the air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days. The dust blow over northwest Europe on the 15th and 16th April 2010. Details. The population who lived near the volcano had high levels of irritation symptoms, though their lung function was not lower than expected. Data were collected at 2 time points: in 2010 and 2013. On 14 April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull started to erupt heavily from the top crater in the bottom left of the glacier. Here, you can read more Eyjafjallajökull facts. This page was last modified on 15 December 2020, at 14:18. A case study on the Eyjafjallajökull Icelandic Eruption of 2010. Eyjafjallajökull 2010: How Icelandic volcano eruption closed European skies Ten years ago the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökul erupted, sending a … Design Population-based prospective cohort study. Objectives To examine the long-term development of physical and mental health following exposure to a volcanic eruption. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Setting In spring 2010, the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull erupted. Eyjafjallajökull, lying in south-west of Iceland, is a volcano covered by an ice cap. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The 2010 summit eruption of Eyjafjallajökull is famous because of the challenges for the aviation sector that it raised (Donovan & Oppenheimer, 2010, 2012. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland is known to everyone because of its most recent eruption in the year 2010 that disrupted the air traffic in entire Europe. On 27 March 2010 it started to erupt. 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