The quality of work is central to the growing inequalities in Africa and the world. The beginnings of a truly global approach can be readily detected in the analysis underlying the new directions of the ILO: The increasingly globalized world economy calls for a similarly globalized approach to basic ethics and political and social procedures. In contrast, a truly global approach need not see human beings only as (or even primarily as) citizens of particular countries, nor accept that the interactions between citizens of different countries must be inevitably intermediated through the relations between distinct nations. The chapter provides ILO’s … Decent work: Concept and indicators Dharam GHAI * The primary goal of the ILO today is to promote opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work, in conditions of freedom, equality, security and human dignity (ILO, 1999a, p. 3). Decent work is a term originally coined by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) in a report published in June 1999, when it described the goal of decent work as ‘not just the creation of jobs, but also the creation of jobs of acceptable quality’. The International Labor Organization (ILO) has been promoting decent work standards since 1919, and we have come a long way since. The Agenda has been incorporated in the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations. Labour Conference, Geneva, 1999. Creation of the Decent Work Agenda. In 1999, the ILO presented its new agenda: Decent Work for all in a global economy (ILO 1999a). Significant recognition of the “decent work” proposed by the ILO has been achieved in the media and the public. Decent Work: A Psychological Perspective. The need for invoking such a global approach has never been stronger than it is now. Effective pursuit of the decent work agenda on OLMs calls for counterhegemonic initiatives through global social movement unionism that reconciles labour differences across the North-South divide. Only by making globalization more fair can we make it legitimate and only by making it more legitimate can we make globalization sustainable in democratic societies. Decent work and poverty eradication 4 Ergon Associates, January 2010 Uptake of decent work within the international development agenda The concept of decent work has achieved high-level international endorsement as an objective of the development agenda, most notably with its integration into the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). International Labour Office (ILO) conceptualised decent work in 1999. GENEVA, June 1999 – This is a crucial moment in the history of working people across the world. A universalist understanding of work and working relations can be linked to a tradition of solidarity and commitment. It was based on one of the organization’s most important principles, which includes “to promote opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work, in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity”(ILO 1999b). It made it clear that the level of employment (quantity) cannot be divorced from its quality. The struggle for decent work is in itself a core value... it is a global issue and thus international and local at the same time. ... (1999) decent work represents an aspirational statement about the quality of work that should be available to all people who seek to work around the globe. Joseph Stiglitz, “Employment, social justice and societal well-being”, in International Labour Review, vol. This is the final part of a six-part series revealing findings from SustainAbility’s recent report, "Targeting Value," with a focus on how the landscape of sustainability goals around the decent work agenda is evolving. Reducing the decent work deficit - a global challenge. The decent work agenda brings together the goals of rights at work, employment, social protection and social dialogue in a consolidated, gender-sensitive vision which guides economic and social policy choices across the board. Decent work is one of the democratic demands of people everywhere. By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value. Mary Robinson, President, Realizing Rights: The Ethical Globalization Initiative, speaking at the Oslo Conference, 5 September 2008. It is assumed that combinations of incorrect policy choices and inappropriate micro-institutional arrangements are the cause of bad work. Ryder first joined the International Labour Organization in 1998 as Director of its Bureau for Workers’ Activities and then in 1999 became Director of the Office of the Director-General. Each unit of the ILO today determines its programme so as to contribute to one or more of these decent work goals. The Organization provides support in the form of integrated decent work programmes developed at … The market economy itself is not merely an international system; its global connections extend well beyond the relation between nations... A global approach is, of course, a part of the heritage of labour movements in world history. This is also a historic moment for the ILO as custodian of workers’ rights within the United Nations system. Collective bargaining and labour relations, Employment injury insurance and protection, Forced labour, human trafficking and slavery, Agriculture; plantations;other rural sectors, Financial services; professional services, Shipping; ports; fisheries; inland waterways, Transport (including civil aviation; railways; road transport). It addresses, for example, not merely the requirements of labour legislation and practice, but also the need for an open society and the promotion of social dialogue. Inability to Explain Causes of Decent Work The Decent Work Agenda is relatively devoid of analyses of the causes of indecent work and processes contributing to its amelioration. Initiated in 1999 by ILO Director-General Juan Somavia, the Decent Work Agenda promotes a development strategy that recognizes the central role of work in everyone′s life. Eva Senghaas-Knobloch, ℌDecent Work” – eine weltweite Agenda für Forschung und Politik, ‚Decent Work‘, 10.1007/978-3-531-92572-1, (15-33), (2010). The quality of work is central to the growing inequalities in Africa and the world. In 1999, he submitted his Decent Work Agenda to the International Labour Conference, which was subsequently endorsed by the Governing Body and the Conference. In Africa, for example, informal employment is the norm, while well-paying jobs that offer social-protection benefits are the exception. We have remained silent on these issues for too long – and the consequences have been grave. At the very least, we must point out the trade-offs, we must insist on democratic processes for determining how economic decisions are made. … The Decent Work Agenda - Looking back, looking forward: A growing consensus. 2 ILO 2010 www.ilo.org. In 1999, the International Labour Organisation coined the term ‘decent work’. 3 ILO [Date unknown] www.ilo.org. Central to concerns about the decline in ‘labour share’ is the notion of decent work. The reach of this objective is indeed momentously large: it includes all workers, wherever and in whatever sector they work; not just workers in the organized sector, nor only wage workers, but also unregulated wage workers, the self-employed, and the homeworkers. The new ILO Declaration reminds us that on the one hand, labour standards should not be used for protectionist trade purposes and it makes clear on the other hand that violation of fundamental principles and rights cannot be used as a legitimate comparative advantage. This article presents some extracts from that speech,1 together with the views of other distinguished leaders and thinkers on the ILO concept of decent work. 2001: Reducing the decent work deficit - a global challenge, Report of the Director-General, International Labour Conference, 89th Session, (Geneva) … A decent job is Although few disagree with the Decent Work Agenda in principle, [citation needed] actually achieving Decent Work poses challenges and controversies. In the furtherance of this goal the ILO's Decent Work Agenda3 aims to implement decent work at country level by means of policy and institutional intervention, and Decent Work Country Programmes have been developed, in coordination with ILO ... 1 ILO 1999 www.ilo.org. In the meantime, the Decent Work Agenda has been widely accepted as an important strategy to fight poverty and foster development. 2 ILO 2010 www.ilo.org. In 1999, the International Labour Organisation coined the term ‘decent work’. The chapter is insightful as it traces the origins of decent work concept. Decent Work, some strategic challenges ahead. Since taking office in 1999, Somavía has taken up the challenge that the rapidly changing economy presents to the ILO. Equitable, sustainable and democratic development requires basic labour rights, including freedom of association and collective bargaining. The concept of decent work, agreed at the international level, facilitates dialogue and cooperation between the industrialized countries, developing countries and emerging economies, as well as dialogue with non-governmental actors. We need a 21st-century way of implementing the Decent Work Agenda, we need a multisectoral approach... we need in fact a broad movement to make the Decent Work Agenda central to achieving the Millennium Development Goals and to achieving social justice for a fair globalization. The Decent Work Agenda was developed in 1999 by the ILO around four pillars: employment crea-tion, rights at work, social protection and social dialogue (Andrieu et al., 2008).1 It has achieved high-level international endorsement, first in 2008, when it was included in the Millennium De-velopment Goals (MDGs) under MDG 1, and later It was during this time that the ILO’s Decent Work Agenda was launched and won support from other international bodies. An agenda is like a calendar that you set an event or discussion or meeting on that particular date about your organization. The "Decent Work" agenda is not new. The decent work agenda brings together the goals of rights at work, employment, social protection and social dialogue in a consolidated, gender-sensitive vision which guides economic and social policy choices across the board. A work agenda means the things or a list that you need to be done on that particular time. 1-2; and in Working for better times: Rethinking work for the 21st century (Geneva, ILO, 2007). The Employment Working Papers series is designed to disseminate the main findings of research initiatives undertaken by the various departments and programmes of the Sector. Central to concerns about the decline in ‘labour share’ is the notion of decent work. Abstract. the ILO calls a “Decent Work Agenda.” One of the specific ways in which the ILO has been promoting the Decent Work Agenda is by define measures of decent work that would permit assessment of progress over time at the national level and cross-country comparisons. 1999: Decent Work, Report of the Director-General, International Labour Conference, 87th Session, (Geneva) - [1.95 Mb] –. The decent work agenda brings together the goals of rights at work, employment, social protection and social dialogue in a consolidated, gender-sensitive vision which guides economic and social policy choices across the board. Reply by the Director-General to the Let’s make the world a better place to live through decent work and decent life. Decent work is a term originally coined by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) in a report published in June 1999, when it described the goal of decent work as ‘not just the creation of jobs, but also the creation of jobs of acceptable quality’. –. To recognize this pervasive need is itself a hopeful beginning. We do not want the Millennium Generation and future generations to pass judgement on our generation... that we have not prepared a better world for them, that we passed on to them an indecent world full of indecent workplaces... Let’s make it a fairer globalization. The European Commission has promised to promote decent work in the African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) countries through pro-poor direct investment and livelihood-creating trade deals. dimensions of the decent work agenda, and this paper is intended to do just that. I turn now to the fourth and final distinctive feature of the approach under discussion. The second conceptual feature that needs to be stressed is the idea of rights... the framework begins with acknowledging certain basic rights, whether or not they are legislated, as being a part of a decent society. The comprehensive view of society that informs the approach adopted in the ILO vision of decent work provides a more promising understanding of the needs of institutions and policies in pursuit of the rights and interests of working people. was begun by the IMF and World Bank in 1999, and in 2000, the ILO became active in the PSRPs of five pilot countries, in which it sought to show the advantages of including the ILO’s Decent Work agenda in poverty reduction. Crossref This rich heritage… can indeed be fruitfully invoked in rising to the challenge of decent work in the contemporary world. dimensions of the decent work agenda, and this paper is intended to do just that. 4. Decent work, employment creation, social protection, rights at work and social dialogue represent integral elements of the new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. H. E. Oscar Arias, President of the Republic of Costa Rica, speech to the International Labour Conference, 2006. Since 1999, the ILO works according to the so-called Decent Work Agenda. Based on an initiative from the International Labor Organization [ILO] (1999) decent work represents an aspirational statement about the quality of work that should be available to all people who seek to work around the globe. In short, the idea behind Decent Work is first of all an income, which allows the working … the ILO Decent Work Agenda (1999) provides the main framework for all ILO work.18 Consequently, it is odd that the CSDH sidelines the Decent Work Agenda—and the enormous body of work promul-gated under this soft law initiative—in its chapter on “fair employment and decent work,” and removes Target 8.6. [12] Jonas Gahr Støre, Foreign Minister of Norway, speaking at the Oslo Conference, 5 September 2008. Vladimir Spidla, EU Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities, speaking at the ILO Forum on Decent Work for a Fair Globalization, Lisbon, October 2007. The security provided by democracy may not be sorely missed when a country is lucky enough to be facing no serious calamity, when everything is running along smoothly. [12] José Sócrates, Prime Minister of Portugal, speaking at the ILO Forum on Decent Work for a Fair Globalization, Lisbon, October 2007. This article presents some extracts from that speech,1 together with the views of other distinguished … The Fostering of Rights at Work The classic ILO task since its founding in 1919 has been setting international work We must speak out more loudly against policies which work against the interests of workers. That’s why I can see in the Decent Work Agenda the mobilizing and integrating potential for Europe. Ten years ago, on 15 June 1999, Nobel Prize winner Amartya Sen addressed the 87th Session of the International Labour Conference, commenting on ILO Director-General Juan Somavia’s ground-breaking report Decent work. 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