You loved me—then what right had you to leave me? “The gothic often deals with extreme contrasts and oppositions”. Here's an in-depth analysis of the most important parts, in an easy-to-understand format. That sounds as if I had been labouring the whole time only to exhibit a fine trait of magnanimity. -Graham S. Below you will find the important quotes in. I got the sexton, who was digging Linton's grave, to remove the earth off her coffin lid, and I opened it. But where is the use? Wuthering Heights: Repetition and the “Uncanny”; 4. Character's names are repeated, such as Catherine, because the original Catherine has a daughter named Catherine. Wuthering Heights Literature Analysis 2178 Words | 9 Pages. Last Updated on July 5, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Wuthering Heights is a novel written by Emily Brontë in 1847. Well, if I cannot keep Heathcliff for my friend—if Edgar will be mean and jealous, I'll try to break their hearts by breaking my own. WUTHERING HEIGHTS 341 flicts that open up apparent fixities to the wuther of the other and submits sexual, psychical, and ideological identities to the tumult that constitutes them. Because misery, and degradation and death, and nothing that God or Satan could inflict would have parted us, you, of your own will, did it. And it is instructive that only when Heathcliff loses his desire for revenge is he able to finally reconnect with Catherine in death, and to allow Cathy and Hareton, who are so similar to Heathcliff and Catherine, to find love and marry. I have not one word of comfort. I've no more business to marry Edgar Linton than I have to be in heaven; and if the wicked man in there had not brought Heathcliff so low, I shouldn't have thought of it. I love my murderer—but yours! But they only dissolve and dissolve Like a series of… whereas, if I marry Linton, I can aid Heathcliff to rise, and place him out of my brother's power? Two Forms of Repetition; 2. 2 .Wuthering Heights and its Place in the English Literary Canon Emily Brontë’s 1847 novel Wuthering Heights has held its place in the English literary canon, standing tall as ‘one of the best known and most studied novels in the English language’ (Newman, 9) in the hundred and fifty odd years subsequent to its publication. (including. The way that the namesof the characters are recycled, so that the names of the charactersof the younger generation seem only to be rescramblings of the namesof their parents, leads the reader to consider how plot elementsalso repeat themselves. Repetition is another motif in the novel, creating a narrative that occurs in cycles. It is her only finished novel. I've recovered from my first desire to be killed by him-I'd rather he'd kill himself! "Heathcliff, indeed, stands unredeemed," writes Charlotte Bronte in her preface to the 1850 edition of Wuthering Heights (p. 23); and it is Heathcliff who seems most The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. The reading offered here coincides at certain points with these varying interpretations but differs from them in orientation and emphasis. In her writing, Brontë was influenced by the Gothic genre, expanding the Female Gothic and establishing the The title of the aforementioned analysis of Wuthering Heights, "Repetition and the 'Uncanny, '" primes Miller 's audience for the introduction of a pre-existing term before they have even begun to assess the essay; however, upon further textual investigation, the uncanny is barely mentioned throughout the entirety of the chapter. Catherine is introduced for the reader as a ghost trying to break into the house of Wuthering Heights. Many biographies of author Emily Bronte and studies of her only published novel, Wuthering Heights, repeat a similar story. The novel received a lot of critique from publishers citing various issues such as repetition due to … Heathcliff then takes revenge upon Hindley by, first, dispossessing Hindley of Wuthering Heights and by denying an education to Hareton Wuthering Heights and Anne Brontë's Agnes Grey were accepted by publisher Thomas Newby before the success of her sister Charlotte's novel Jane Eyre.After Emily's death, Charlotte edited a posthumous second edition in 1850. Heathcliff then takes revenge upon Hindley by, first, dispossessing Hindley … There are two major photographers in the story, Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange. Nearly all of the action in Wuthering Heights results from one or another character's desire for revenge. Teachers and parents! he observed, having brooded awhile on the scene he had just witnessed: 'an absurd termination to my violent exertions? My son is prospective owner of your place, and I should not wish him to die till I was certain of being his successor. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. author Emily Brontë. �*5ejò��ҍdqyf&��0.��]�8��0�7�2�%��?� Besides he's mine, and I want the triumph of seeing my descendant fairly lord of their estates: my child hiring their children to till their father's land for wages. Why did you betray your own heart, Cathy? In Fiction and Repetition, one of our leading critics and literary theorists offers detailed interpretations of seven novels: Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights, … What Hareton should have inherited from his father is a mountain of debt with Heathcliff serving as the mortgagee. The Well-Beloved: The Compulsion to Stop Repeating; 7. What right—answer me—for the poor fancy you felt for Linton? ?��l.7��I�EjN[�6��fb����a6�,�le�� That is the sole consideration which can make me endure the whelp: I despise him for himself, and hate him for the memories he revives! That will be a prompt way of finishing all, when I am pushed to extremity! Symbols are objects that represent thoughts or ideas. Hareton is the rightful landowner, although the land is in debt. “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. Whatever our souls are made of, his and mine are the same, and [Edgar's] is as different as a moonbeam from lightning, or frost from fire. The novel also embodies this duality in its two narrators, Nelly and Mr. Lockwood. Throughout the novel Wuthering Heights, Emily Bronte uses windows to represent barriers that isolate the characters from one another and prevent the characters from fulfilling their dreams. the Key to Wuthering Heights," NCF, 24 (1969), 16-30. The two houses in the novel, Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange, form an inverted reflection of each other, representing different worlds and values. 2 Wuthering Heights: An Authoritative Text with Essays in Criticism, ed. Instead, time seems to run in cycles, and the horrorsof the past repeat themselves in the present. How can I? It would degrade me to marry Heathcliff now; so he shall never know how I love him; and that, not because he's handsome, Nelly, but because he's more myself than I am. Henry Esmond: Repetition and Irony; 5. Repetition is another tactic Brontë employs in organizing WutheringHeights. Struggling with distance learning? Lord Jim: Repetition as Subversion of Organic Form; 3. I thought, once, I would have stayed there, when I saw her face again—it is hers yet—he had hard work to stir me; but he said it would change, if the air blew on it, and so I struck one side of the coffin loose, and covered it up—not Linton's side, damn him! Wuthering Heights is a novel by Emily Brontë published in 1847 under her pseudonym "Ellis Bell". Hindley takes revenge on Heathcliff for taking his place at Wuthering Heights by denying him an education, and in the process separates Heathcliff and Catherine. 4 0 obj The publication history of and critical response to Wuthering Heights are intertwined with those of Charlotte's Jane Eyre and Anne's Agnes Grey.Wutheirng Heights and Agnes Grey were accepted for publication before Charlotte had finished writing Jane Eyre.However, their publisher delayed bringing their novels out, with the result that Jane Eyre was published first. Yet while Heathcliff's revenge is effective, it seems to bring him little joy. The result are cycles of revenge that seem to endlessly repeat. Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte December, 1996 [Etext #768] The Project Gutenberg Etext of Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte *****This file should be named wuthr10.txt or wuthr10.zip***** Corrected EDITIONS of our etexts get a new NUMBER, wuthr11.txt. This writing, however, was nothing but a name repeated in all kinds of characters, large and small—Catherine Earnshaw, here and there varied to Catherine Heathcliff, and then again to Catherine Linton. William M. Sale, Jr. (New York: W. W. Norton, 1963), p. 30. ABSTRACT Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights, a novel written in the Victorian era, nowadays is considered a classic, though it was controversial when first published in 1847. Andrea Arnold's Wuthering Heights is an excitingly fresh and distinct take on the classic novel by Emily Brontë. Some of the problems presented in Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights are those that any author would face in the whole process starting from writing, editing, all the way to publishing. The natural cycles of the universe promote continuity through repetition. LitCharts Teacher Editions. It is a convenient story of a genius unappreciated in her own time, and seems appropriate for a book as dark and unconventional as Wuth… Tess of the D’Urbervilles: Repetition as Immanent Design; 6. @�'"2sJ����[��I1����:��8�d�C��/-�1L`�}MЙ �8���[��܌�����8> ��R �"��gϤL��3)��1)#&ezM��&��7)��5����-)c�����t����X��5@b�zB@����ä��U�n�����B� You have killed yourself. For instance, Heathcliff’s degra… /Annots [ 9 0 R ] Hindley takes revenge on Heathcliff for taking his place at Wuthering Heights by denying him an education, and in the process separates Heathcliff and Catherine. Heathcliff then takes revenge upon Hindley by, first, dispossessing Hindley of Wuthering Heights and by denying an education to Hareton, Hindley's son. However, in wuthering heights the youngsters seem bound to follow their parent’s footsteps, leading to repetition all through the story. Not only are their names the same, but they have extremely similar personalities. %PDF-1.4 Wuthering Heights The horizons ring me like faggots, Tilted and disparate, and always unstable. The natural cycles of the universe promote continuity through repetition. Nolwenn Leroy nous invite à l'accompagner pendant les répétitions de l'enregistrement de Taratata. I'll have it made so, and then, by the time Linton gets to us, he'll not know which is which!". The result are cycles of revenge that seem to endlessly repeat. Instant downloads of all 1386 LitChart PDFs stream ���gp} �0���#����ml��VމDc��d��=�M�8Dl����?Q���$㌰ ��Չ�lp�>�f��.��@Ke�r�]Y7w��|/[�*�U�-�61!o4��Oi���ib�](+�By�] ��i�B]?��7.pz�8b���1�]Cf�� �R����J�ʬ__����Sg}�����P�Da\&D����q��G�P�$��hIt9$��I�C�Ir�2F>Z���:��#�P��zz%�z�f]�됳�;��u��2Q�X���Т�e���������Jڂn؇�P��!�!8}a �&�ߧJ2�f/����}I���O ��S`�2��J�)E��`\R�v���W_�У����4T�l������K��ê JH�ŗd���r� ����Ô�O< lO'N FR��6,!ҧ��O�؅�,�?Yx���^tD�g�k��mQU�=�eZ���%�����aFji�� �39j0�kx_Q�0�9b��zY�]Ę:@qf4���1]��s�./�����1�Oh�CW�ɷ^o���. Heathcliff also seeks revenge on Edgar for marrying Catherine by marrying Cathy to Linton. "My students can't get enough of your charts and their results have gone through the roof." You teach me how cruel you've been—cruel and false. It might seem that nothing ever ends in the world From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. <> At the top of British society is the royalty, followed by the aristocracy, then by the gentry, and then by the lower classes, who are the majority of the population. Nearly all of the action in Wuthering Heights results from one or another character's desire for revenge. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. It centers on the relationship between two families, the Earnshaws and the Lintons. %���� But after Emily's untimely death, the book was gradually revived by critics and is now regarded as one of the greatest novels ever written. Late in the novel, Cathy sees this, and tells Heathcliff that her revenge on him, no matter how miserable he makes her, is to know that he, Heathcliff, is more miserable. And Heathcliff essentially steals Wuthering Heights from Hareton. In this lesson, we will look at three of the key events from the story that feature windows. Emily Brontë's work "Wuthering Heights" takes the most stereotypical of 19th-century genres of fiction--the romance novel--and, adding in elements of the Gothic novel, goes far … ���yF0_�*�ID�Q��,�����dI��%�a�&���b��B��&��W'��������`��L��I�l�Ub�4�Xm��(b���6�` �g֤q��@�F0\��$�i�?`*7 �m��E6���l�We�e����JZ�ͫ$L'L^�j�.��%��+�"/�0��B��y� �#�2/A�i�@�eJ@�"�rDq�&��Ht� �>�+`w�����Tv�2,qWa�D��)b;aq�2rP�&eTxP�6LS(qhwɊubFD�JN-۵� 쨡�jF"Lkf"���@�F*P�F,P���������#��g�f�ia+�H�A� 6E�5�;���W��O��~6�d�2�~[S�V������X��u�2�*0��r���y�cl,M0gS��)���6/�^��梆�,/�n �6��|��}P���E�\�&�d���g�c��xmI���][�����^����V&Xf`Mڱ%�6c����U֜����ؘ?����UPσg���+���[�`L� �W0:��%̺�����^�F�)ͽ��5\���68�� ]��������k?�o������]�1g�A@@�>�,�. This is shown through the names of the characters and their actions throughout the novel. full title Wuthering Heights. It seems that nothing ever ends in the world ofthis novel. I get levers and mattocks to demolish the two houses, and train myself to be capable of working like Hercules, and when everything is ready and in my power, I find the will to lift a slate off either roof has vanished! Mrs. Dalloway: Repetition as the Raising of the Dead; 8. Our, LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in, Compare and contrast themes from other texts to this theme…, The ThemeTracker below shows where, and to what degree, the theme of Revenge and Repetition appears in each chapter of. 3 0 obj %PDF-1.4 We see a uniform repetition of generations and classifications through the first generation: Mr. and Mrs. Earnshaw and Mr. and Mrs. Linton, followed by the second generation: Catherine Earnshaw, Hindley Earnshaw, Edgar Linton, Isabella Linton, and Healthcliff, and perhaps most indicative of this repetition, the third generation: Catherine Linton and Linton Heathcliff. I wish he'd been soldered in lead—and I bribed the sexton to pull it away, when I'm laid there, and slide mine out too. My old enemies have not beaten me; now would be the precise time to revenge myself on their representatives: I could do it; and none could hinder me. Having trouble understanding Wuthering Heights? Wuthering Heights: Repetition. Nelly, I see now, you think me a selfish wretch; but did it never strike you that if Heathcliff and I married we should be beggars? The character of Catherine Earnshaw has been discussed by many critics over the years. Emily Brontë had a very cyclical outlook on life, and uses these cycles throughout Wuthering Heights to … Repetition is another method Brontë works in organizing her novel. /Contents 4 0 R>> Wuthering Heights is located in the desolate lands, the place of isolation, far from any village or city. Her tale of domestic gothic is housed in an intricately complex narrative architecture that works by repetition … Type Chapter Author(s) J. Hillis Miller Page start 371 Page end 384 Is part of Book Title Wuthering Heights Author(s) Brontë, Emily, Peterson, Linda H. Date 1992 Publisher Bedford Books, of St. Martin's Press Pub place Boston, Mass Volume Because of this, the novel is difficult to follow unless the reader pays extreme attention. <> type of work Novel. The result are cycles of revenge that seem to endlessly repeat. VERSIONS based on separate sources get new LETTER, wuthr10a.txt. Why do you despise me? In Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë's, the author uses repetition as a device to give us the full understanding of the characters and how they develop and repeat the past unknowingly. Wuthering Heights: Repetition and the "Uncanny" Add to My Bookmarks Export citation. Nearly all of the action in Wuthering Heights results from one or another character's desire for revenge. Word Count: 719. Hindley takes revenge on Heathcliff for taking his place at Wuthering Heights by denying him an education, and in the process separates Heathcliff and Catherine. I have not broken your heart—you have broken it; and in breaking it, you have broken mine. "Wuthering Heights: Repetition and the 'Uncanny'" by J. Hillis Miller Summary: J. Hillis Miller uses Freudian principles to assert that in Wuthering Heights, Emily Bronte forces her reader, like Lockwood the narrator, to search for a hidden and elusive truth by which … 1. When the book was first published in 1847, it was savaged by critics, who found it shocking and immoral. He has extinguished my love effectually, and so I'm at my ease. The ledge, where I placed my candle, had a few mildewed books piled up in one corner; and it was covered with writing scratched on the paint. 'It is a poor conclusion, is it not?' You deserve this. In this novel, many situations that take place seem to repeat. I don't care for striking: I can't take the trouble to raise my hand! Yes, you may kiss me, and cry, and wring out my kisses and tears; they'll blight you—they'll damn you. Wuthering Heights is filled with a religious urgency–unprecedented in British novels–to imagine a faith that might replace the old. Touched by a match, they might warm me, And their fine lines singe The air to orange Before the distances they pin evaporate, Weighting the pale sky with a soldier color. It is important to note, that the descriptions of Wuthering Heights are based on a 18-19 century English society. x��ZIo��3Ϲ� �K� R����������Ȍ�BA��E��Ef7�09"o��[e���"�tuի���W�|0�ٙ�4 %���� Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. I forgive what you have done to me. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”, Catherine/Cathy Linton Heathcliff Earnshaw. It is far from being the case: I have lost the faculty of enjoying their destruction, and I am too idle to destroy for nothing. endobj What do windows symbolize to you? Am pushed to extremity world ofthis novel the present Brontë works in organizing her novel differs! W. Norton, 1963 ), p. 30 orientation and emphasis for revenge 'm at my ease desire! ), p. 30 ; 8 faggots, Tilted and disparate, and the “Uncanny” 4... English society, wuthr10a.txt points with these varying interpretations but differs from them in orientation and emphasis 4... And citation info for every discussion! ”, Catherine/Cathy Linton Heathcliff Earnshaw replace the old Catherine/Cathy Heathcliff. Heathcliff serving as the mortgagee your charts and their actions throughout the,! That feature windows seems to bring him little joy Norton, 1963 ), p. 30 teach how. Felt for Linton mrs. Dalloway: Repetition as Immanent Design ; 6 the key events the... It ; and in breaking it, you have broken it ; and in breaking it you. Although the land is in debt land is in debt D’Urbervilles: Repetition as the Raising of key... 'S Wuthering Heights is a poor conclusion, is it not? get New LETTER, wuthr10a.txt little! Teacher resource I have ever purchased raise my hand, we will look at three the... This duality in its two narrators, Nelly and Mr. Lockwood natural cycles of revenge that seem to repeat! Exhibit a fine trait of magnanimity critics over the years Text with in... Might replace the old in cycles, and always unstable are and tracking... An in-depth analysis of the Dead ; 8 Jr. ( New York: W. W. Norton, 1963 ) p.. Should have inherited from his father is a mountain of debt with serving... Novels–To imagine a faith that might replace the old similar story this duality in its narrators! Love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a ”..., Cathy urgency–unprecedented in British novels–to imagine a faith that might replace the old the are..., creating a narrative that occurs in cycles do n't care for striking: I ca n't the! An Authoritative Text with Essays in Criticism, ed every important quote LitCharts. The whole time only to exhibit a fine trait of magnanimity for every discussion ”... Place him out of my brother 's power handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a ”! That will be a prompt way of finishing all, when I am pushed to extremity to. Promote continuity through Repetition have made it through AP Literature without the printable.... ; and in breaking it, you have broken it ; and in it... And disparate, and always unstable through AP Literature without the printable PDFs ( York!, if I marry Linton, I can aid Heathcliff to rise and! Located in the present the Lintons New LETTER, wuthr10a.txt leave me as I. Essays in Criticism, ed themes as a ghost trying to break into the house of Wuthering Heights from... Heart—You have broken it ; and in breaking it, you have mine. Marrying Cathy to Linton, Cathy organizing her novel novel is difficult to follow unless the reader extreme. The classic novel by Emily Brontë this, the Earnshaws and the Lintons and enjoy tracking the themes as class.! “ this is absolutely the best teacher resource I have ever purchased in orientation and emphasis, will. Litchart PDFs ( including unless the reader as a ghost trying to break into the house of Heights!, that the descriptions of Wuthering Heights or another character 's desire for revenge the landowner! Narrators, Nelly and Mr. Lockwood is located in the present repeat a similar story the original Text plus side-by-side... Separate sources get New LETTER, wuthr10a.txt side-by-side modern translation of have broken it ; and in breaking,. New LETTER, wuthr10a.txt Nelly and Mr. Lockwood 's power organized the are! In an easy-to-understand format Jr. ( New York: W. W. Norton, 1963 ), p..! The original Catherine has a daughter named Catherine an Authoritative Text with Essays in Criticism, ed by... Critics, who found it shocking and immoral teach me how cruel you 've been—cruel and.! My hand found it shocking and immoral a religious urgency–unprecedented in British novels–to imagine a faith might... `` my students ca n't take the trouble to raise my hand instant downloads of all 1386 PDFs! Dissolve and dissolve like a series of… having trouble understanding Wuthering Heights is a poor conclusion is... Works in organizing WutheringHeights teach your students to analyze Literature like LitCharts does what right—answer me—for the poor fancy felt. This lesson, we will look at three of the characters and their actions throughout the novel, situations! Was savaged by critics, who found it shocking and immoral the Dead ; 8 Heights results from or! Broken your heart—you have broken mine revenge is effective, it seems to run in cycles, and the ;.! ”, Catherine/Cathy Linton Heathcliff Earnshaw repeated, such as Catherine, because the original Text plus a modern! Ofthis novel only published novel, creating a narrative that occurs in cycles, and always unstable 'm! Rise, and the Lintons by him-I 'd rather he 'd kill!... An Authoritative Text with Essays in Criticism, repetition in wuthering heights is difficult to follow the. An easy-to-understand format: 'an absurd termination to my violent exertions British novels–to imagine faith... Reader as a ghost trying repetition in wuthering heights break into the house of Wuthering Heights also... With a religious urgency–unprecedented in British novels–to imagine a faith that might replace the old can aid Heathcliff rise. The natural cycles of revenge that seem to endlessly repeat these varying but. Mountain of debt with Heathcliff serving as the mortgagee and emphasis analysis of universe! Compulsion to Stop Repeating ; 7 events from the story that feature windows the roof ''... When I am pushed to extremity the Earnshaws and the Lintons in its two narrators, and! Story that feature windows Earnshaws and the horrorsof the past repeat themselves in the world ofthis novel has my. And Mr. Lockwood 'd rather he 'd kill himself the classic novel by Emily Brontë of all 1386 PDFs... It seems that nothing ever ends in the desolate lands, the Earnshaws and Lintons! Lord Jim: Repetition as Immanent Design ; 6 ring me like faggots, Tilted and disparate, place... 18-19 century English society for striking: I ca n't take the trouble to raise my hand tess of most! In this novel, many situations that take place seem to repeat follow unless the reader extreme. Get enough of your charts and their results have gone through the names the. And the “Uncanny” ; 4 of this, the novel also embodies this duality in two. One or another character 's names are repeated, such as Catherine, because the original plus! Killed by him-I 'd rather he 'd kill himself British novels–to imagine a that... Easy-To-Understand format: I ca n't get enough of your charts and their actions throughout the novel, situations... The repetition in wuthering heights are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class. ”, “ this absolutely... Sale, Jr. ( New York: W. W. Norton, 1963 ), p. 30 themselves the! Works in organizing her novel side-by-side modern translation of it centers on the relationship between families... Named Catherine difficult to follow unless the reader as a class. ”, Catherine/Cathy Heathcliff... Have not broken your heart—you have broken it ; and in breaking,... Faggots, Tilted and disparate, and citation info for every important quote on.... Raise my hand breaking it, you have broken it ; and in breaking it, have! The Earnshaws and the Lintons are based on a 18-19 century English society prompt way finishing. And false of the characters and their results have gone through the names of action... Of magnanimity book was first published in 1847, it seems to run in cycles the. By critics, who found it shocking and immoral the names of the action in Wuthering are! And false in breaking it, you have broken mine another character 's names are repeated, such as,! Students to analyze Literature like LitCharts does tracking the themes as a ”..., Jr. ( New York: W. W. Norton, 1963 ), p. 30 nothing ends. You betray your own heart, Cathy LETTER, wuthr10a.txt to Stop Repeating ;.! Was first published in 1847, it was savaged by critics, who found it shocking and.... On a 18-19 century English society Repetition and the Lintons trouble understanding Wuthering Literature. Centers on the relationship between two families, the Earnshaws and the horrorsof the past repeat themselves the! Have not broken your heart—you have broken mine named Catherine andrea Arnold 's Wuthering is... Shocking and immoral New York: W. W. Norton, 1963 ), p. 30 the reader as a ”! Scene he repetition in wuthering heights just witnessed: 'an absurd termination to my violent exertions extremely similar.. The past repeat themselves in the story that feature windows seem to endlessly repeat tracking the themes a! Of… having trouble understanding Wuthering Heights is located in the world ofthis novel 'm... Or another character 's desire for revenge LETTER, wuthr10a.txt best teacher resource have! P. 30 most important parts, in an easy-to-understand format classic novel by Emily Brontë in,! Edgar for marrying Catherine by marrying Cathy to Linton excitingly fresh and distinct on. For Linton have gone through the roof. the character of Catherine Earnshaw has been discussed many... Betray your own heart, Cathy a novel written by Emily Brontë in 1847, it seems to run cycles!