WARNING: SPOILERS WATCH IN 1080p The most beautiful and tragic love story I have ever seen! From the beginning of Washington’s meteoric rise, intelligence gathering helped shape his military career. More likely, they say, she played a significant role. He contacted Peggy’s friend André and offered to provide him with information that would help the British win the war. Peggy devoted herself to her children — four sons and a daughter — scrambling to ensure their financial well-being before she died of cancer on August 24, 1804. He passed along news of how many troops were stationed at the fort and when defenses might be weakest. [24] In 1821, at the behest of the Duke of York, his remains, which had been buried under the gallows, were removed to England[25] and placed among kings and poets at Westminster Abbey, in the nave, under a marble monument depicting Britannia mourning alongside a British lion over André's death. The day before his hanging, André drew a likeness of himself with pen and ink, which is now owned by Yale College. In 1777, when British captured Philadelphia, Shippen family held social gathering. The match was somewhat controversial, in part because Peggy leaned loyalist, while Benedict was an officer in the Continental military; and because he had a reputation as a fiery, impatient man who stood accused of illegal business dealings. Major John Andre (May 2, 1750–Oct. [16], A religious poem was found in his pocket after his execution, written two days beforehand.[17]. Arnold commanded West Point and had agreed to surrender it to the British for £20,000 (approximately $3.65 million in 2018[3])—a move that would have enabled the British to cut off New England from the rest of the colonies. Only Smith was told anything specific, and that was the lie that it was to secure vital intelligence for the American cause. I was so near during the solemn march to the fatal spot, as to observe every movement, and participate in every emotion which the melancholy scene was calculated to produce. They picked up André and placed him on shore. According to Tallmadge's account of the events, he and André conversed during the latter's captivity and transport. An hour or so later, Washington arrived at West Point with his party and was disturbed to see the stronghold's fortifications in such neglect, part of the plan to weaken West Point's defenses. He was hanged as a spy by the Continental Army for assisting Benedict Arnold's attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York, to the British. Soon after her husband’s defection, Peggy went to live with her family in Philadelphia, but was soon banned from the city. André went up the Hudson River on the British sloop-of-war Vulture on Wednesday, 20 September 1780 to visit Arnold. He was a frequent guest star on Little House on the Prairie. She knows exactly whom to contact: her former lover in the English army, John Andre. André was born on 2 May 1750 in London to wealthy Huguenot parents Antoine André, a merchant from Geneva, Switzerland, and Marie Louise Girardot from Paris, France. Andre Braugher was born on July 1, 1962 in Chicago, Illinois, USA as Andre Keith Braugher. Joshua Hett Smith, who was connected with André with the attempted treason, was also brought to trial at the Reformed Church of Tappan. John Paul Jones was an American naval hero in the American Revolution. E.J. During the American Revolution, Peggy Shippen and her husband, Benedict Arnold, became traitors to the American colonists, sharing with the British confidential information about military strategy. Tallmadge had been a classmate of Nathan Hale while both were at Yale, and he described the capture of Hale. Teresa Heinz has three sons with her first husband, John Heinz: Henry John Heinz IV, André Thierstein Heinz, and Christopher Drake Heinz. The precise convergence of three dynamic forces—culture, environment, and talent—combined to produce one of the most collected figurative painters on the American art scene today. According to legend, Betsy Ross made the first American flag. On September 21, 1779, John Andre met with General Arnold, and obtained maps and other documents about the American forces, to carry to General Clinton. The board consisted of Major Generals Nathanael Greene (the presiding officer), Lord Stirling, Arthur St. Clair, Lafayette (who cried at André's execution), Robert Howe, Steuben, Brigadier Generals Samuel H. Parsons, James Clinton, Henry Knox, John Glover, John Paterson, Edward Hand, Jedediah Huntington, John Stark, and Judge Advocate General John Laurance. Perhaps the most notable liaison of Peggy’s teenage years was the one she had with Major John André, a British officer who, like her, seemed to break hearts wherever he went. He offered intelligence showing that a high-ranking officer was planning to defect to the British but was unaware of who it was. In December 1776, he was freed in a prisoner exchange. Jameson did not want his army career to be wrecked later for having wrongly believed that his general was a traitor. At the oars were two brothers, tenants of Smith's who reluctantly rowed the boat six miles on the river to the sloop. "What party?" "We do," was the answer. Their third son William (died 1747) went to Geneva and married Mary Privat (died 1767). In 1780, she joined Benedict in New York, where she gave birth to their second child on August 28, 1781. [16]Anna Seward, Monody on Major Andre. He attended school in Geneva, returning to London in 1767, two years before his father died. André, according to witnesses, placed the noose around his own neck. They were so wonderful together. A likeable character, he was popular in colonial society in New York as well as Philadelphia, where he was posted for a … During his nearly nine months in Philadelphia, André occupied Benjamin Franklin's house, from which it has been claimed that he removed several valuable items on the orders of Major-General Charles Grey when the British left Philadelphia, including an oil portrait of Franklin by Benjamin Wilson. Not a murmur or a sigh ever escaped him, and the civilities and attentions bestowed on him were politely acknowledged. Jameson sent General George Washington the six sheets of paper carried by André, but he was unwilling to believe that Benedict Arnold could be guilty of treason. At age 20, he entered the British Army and joined the 7th of Foot (Royal Fusileers) in British Canada in 1774 as a lieutenant. – from a letter of George Washington to, "An accomplished man and gallant officer." Major André walked from the stone house, in which he had been confined, between two of our subaltern officers, arm in arm; the eyes of the immense multitude were fixed on him, who, rising superior to the fears of death, appeared as if conscious of the dignified deportment which he displayed. Teresa Heinz (born Maria Teresa Thierstein Simões-Ferreira; October 5, 1938), also known as Teresa Heinz Kerry, is a Portuguese-American businesswoman and philanthropist. Paulding realized that he was a spy and took him to Continental Army headquarters in Sand's Hill (in today's Armonk, New York,[12] a hamlet within North Castle situated on the Connecticut border of Westchester County. When France entered war in June 1778, André left Philadelphia with his fellow troops. Teresa Heinz … But when André was captured (and executed), Benedict’s treason was uncovered. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Andre (August 14, 1908 - September 6, 1984) was born in Detroit, Michigan. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. During his confinement and trial, he exhibited those proud and elevated sensibilities which designate greatness and dignity of mind. He betrayed no want of fortitude, but retained a complacent smile on his countenance, and politely bowed to several gentlemen whom he knew, which was respectfully returned. 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