Diagnostic features: Adult chrysomelid beetles may look like ladybirds, but … Glob Change Biol 16:303–319, Golizadeh ALI, Kamali K, Fathipour Y, Abbasipour H (2007) Temperature-dependent development of diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: plutellidae) on two brassicaceous host plants. Chrysomelid beetle larvae are said to eat their egg cases soon after hatching (there is some suggestion of this in the photos) They then start feeding on young eucalyptus leaf shoots. There are two generations of Paropsis charybdis per year. Adult body length is about 10mm. First discovered in America in Orange County, California in 2003, P. m-fuscum was reported for the first time in South Carolina in July, 2012. They mate and start laying eggs. Google Scholar, Winkler IS, Mitter C, Scheffer SJ (2009) Repeated climate-linked host shifts have promoted diversification in a temperate clade of leaf-mining flies. Ann For Sci 63:613–624, Ryalls JMW, Riegler M, Moore BD, Lopaticki G, Johnson SN (2013) Effects of elevated temperature and CO2 on aboveground-belowground systems: a case study with plants, their mutualistic bacteria and root/shoot herbivores. Clim Change 39:455–472, Coley P, Massa M, Lovelock C, Winter K (2002) Effects of elevated CO2 on foliar chemistry of saplings of nine species of tropical tree. Oecologia 134:82–87, Terblanche JS, Clusella-Trullas S, Chown SL (2010) Phenotypic plasticity of gas exchange pattern and water loss in Scarabaeus spretus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae): deconstructing the basis for metabolic rate variation. J Trop Ecol 21:227–231, Vigue LM, Lindroth RL (2010) Effects of genotype, elevated CO2 and elevated O3 on aspen phytochemistry and aspen leaf beetle Chrysomela crotchi performance. Larvae of the eucalyptus leaf beetle - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock No need to register, buy now! Chrysophtharta agricola larvae. Eucalyptus leaf beetle center for eucalyptus leaf beetle center for eucalyptus leaf beetle center for eucalyptus leaf beetle chrysophtharta PubMed Central  Only relatively fresh logs sustain beetle larvae; old, dry logs are too hard for larvae to feed on and then successfully develop. A colorful model for genetics, biochemistry, cell biology, and biotechnology. Springer, Berlin, White TCR (2014) Senescence-feeders: a new trophic sub-guild of insect herbivores. Oecologia Family: Chrysomelidae Genus: Paropsisterna (Chrysophtharta ), About 2.5 to 3mm long, these little larvae with black heads and rear ends were found beside their egg cases on a leaf of a young eucalyptus tree. J Exp Biol 213:2940–2949, Unsicker SB, Mody K (2005) Influence of tree species and compass bearing on insect folivory of nine common tree species in the West African savanna. volume 177, pages607–617(2015)Cite this article. Eucalyptus leaf beetle adults are gray to reddish brown and the larvae are greenish-gray. Control Plant species differ in foliar chemistry, and this may result in idiosyncratic plant-mediated responses of insect herbivores at elevated [CO2] and temperature. Google Scholar, Ainsworth EA, Rogers A (2007) The response of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance to rising [CO2]: mechanisms and environmental interactions. Oecologia 133:62–69, Coley PD, Bateman ML, Kursar TA (2006) The effects of plant quality on caterpillar growth and defense against natural enemies. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Ji LZ, An LL, Wang XW (2011) Growth responses of gypsy moth larvae to elevated CO2: the influence of methods of insect rearing. Larvae feed mostly on the new shots and eat all the entire young leave. Chemoecology 17:235–243, Raubenheimer D, Simpson SJ, Mayntz D (2009) Nutrition, ecology and nutritional ecology: toward an integrated framework. The larvae has a black head and a black tail. » Larvae can strip trees of young leaves and shoots. 5 - Eggs of the eucalyptus tortoise beetle. Eucalyptus snout beetle … About 2.5 to 3mm long, these little larvae with black heads and rear ends were found beside their egg cases on a leaf of a young eucalyptus tree. Elevated temperature increased foliar [N] in E. robusta but not E. tereticornis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106:18103–18108, Zvereva EL, Kozlov MV (2006) Consequences of simultaneous elevation of carbon dioxide and temperature for plant–herbivore interactions: a metaanalysis. Only one parasitoid develops within each larva. Oikos 86:27–44, Kinney KK, Lindroth RL, Jung SM, Nordheim EV (1997) Effects of CO2 and NO3-availability on deciduous trees: phytochemistry and insect performance. Glob Change Biol 13:1823–1842, Stiling P et al (2003) Elevated CO2 lowers relative and absolute herbivore density across all species of a scrub-oak forest. Oikos 115:219–228, CSIRO, Australian Bureau of Meteorology (2012) State of the climate 2012. Ecol Lett 14:993–1000, Fox LR, Macauley B (1977) Insect grazing on Eucalyptus in response to variation in leaf tannins and nitrogen. » The detection of several eggs, larvae and adults indicates that a Tree Physiol 30:669–688, White TCR (1993) The inadequate environment: nitrogen and the abundance of animals. We did not detect a CO2 × temperature interaction, suggesting that elevated temperature as a combined direct and plant-mediated effect may not be able to ameliorate the negative plant-mediated effects of elevated [CO2] on insect herbivores. Update 5/5/2017: I bumped into a better ID. Oikos 88:259–272, CAS  Oecologia 109:59–68, Levesque KR, Fortin M, Mauffette Y (2002) Temperature and food quality effects on growth, consumption and post-ingestive utilization effciencies of the forest tent caterpillar Malacosoma disstria (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). The larvae hatch and feed on the leave. Larvae release a defensive liquid of hydrogen cyanide and eucalyptus oil if threatened. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-014-3182-5, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-014-3182-5, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Elevated temperature accelerated larval development but did not impact other insect parameters. The invasive species, most probably from Tasmania, severely defoliates the new flush foliage of several Eucalyptus species in Ireland. Oikos 82:212–222, Boland DJ et al (2006) Forest trees of Australia. Glob Change Biol 16:918–935, Quirk J, McDowell NG, Leake JR, Hudson PJ, Beerling DJ (2013) Increased susceptibility to drought-induced mortality in Sequoia sempervirens (Cupressaceae) trees under Cenozoic atmospheric carbon dioxide starvation. Daily biomass consumption by Gonipterus scutellatus larvae on thr ee Eucalyptus species. Phytochemistry 8:227–233, Ehnes RB, Rall BC, Brose U (2011) Phylogenetic grouping, curvature and metabolic scaling in terrestrial invertebrates. Eucalyptus Leaf Beetles I checked a likely-looking Eucalyptus tree with some fresh new growth and found some beetles and small larvae. This beetle is one of two species that have recently found their way into California from Australia, and which feed on the many species of exotic eucalyptus trees in that state. Aust J Entomol 28:29–30, Robinson EA, Ryan GD, Newman JA (2012) A meta-analytical review of the effects of elevated CO2 on plant–arthropod interactions highlights the importance of interacting environmental and biological variables. It is not easily controlled by native parasites or predators. It is essential to understand the combined effects of elevated [CO2] and temperature on insect herbivores when attempting to forecast climate change responses of diverse ecosystems. Recently (August 2003) found on landscape trees in Orange Co.; probably native to Australia. The Australian tortoise beetle adult and larvae are both dark brown. Chrysophtharta amoenia adult ... Chrysophtharta debilis adult. Foliage of hosts within the series Obliquae (subgenus Monocalyptus) appeared to be the favoured food of C. bimaculata larvae. Eucalypt Leaf Beetle larvae length 8mm The eggs are laid on new growth on the terminal shoots. Ecol Entomol 36:1–13, Bezemer TM, Jones TH (1998) Plant-insect herbivore interactions in elevated atmospheric CO2: quantitative analyses and guild effects. Lifecycle and aspects of the biology of Tasmanian Eucalyptus Leaf Beetle, Chrysophtharta bimaculata (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Oecologia 65:543–549, Pelini SL, Keppel JA, Kelley AE, Hellmann JJ (2010) Adaptation to host plants may prevent rapid insect responses to climate change. Larvae fed on flush leaves from egg hatch to pupation while being directly exposed to these conditions. Eggs are laid encased in a faecal pellet, dropped into leaf litter where the larvae can feed when they hatch The larvae had pale bands just posterior to their heads and three black dots on each side of the thoracic segments. Funct Plant Biol 40:201–212, Steinbauer MJ (2001) Specific leaf weight as an indicator of juvenile leaf toughness in Tasmanian bluegum (Eucalyptus globulus ssp. et al. These cute little brown beetles do a lot of damage. We measured the response of the eucalypt leaf beetle Paropsis atomaria (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) feeding on Eucalyptus tereticornis and Eucalyptus robusta. Anal Chim Acta 27:31–36, Murray TJ, Ellsworth DS, Tissue DT, Riegler M (2013a) Interactive direct and plant-mediated effects of elevated atmospheric [CO2] and temperature on a eucalypt-feeding insect herbivore. Aust For 69:270–274, Nahrung HF, Dunstan PK, Allen GR (2001) Larval gregariousness and neonate establishment of the eucalypt-feeding beetle Chrysophtharta agricola (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Paropsini). Funct Ecol 16:332–338, Article  Paropsis atomaria Olivier. It will be moved. We reared those larvae once and confirmed they are the larvae of this species. Environ Exp Bot 71:128–136, Sherwin GL, George L, Kannangara K, Tissue DT, Ghannoum O (2013) Impact of industrial-age climate change on the relationship between water uptake and tissue nitrogen in eucalypt seedlings. Article  Journal of the Australian Entomology Society, 22:15-18. These were spotted on the same tree as the larger Paropsis leaf beetle. Our study highlighted host-plant-specific responses of insect herbivores to climate change factors that resulted in host-plant-specific survival. Eucalyptus leaf beetles (Coleopteran) sp * Psyllids-Lerp (Hemiptera) * Thaumastocoris Bugs ... Leaf-blister sawfly larvae 5mm, feed beneath the upper surface of the leaf that causes it to Blister ... “Eucalyptus Tortoise Beetle” Paropsis atomaria lifecycle, a very common species that is found over much of eastern Australia. Glob Change Biol 4:55–61, Ebell LF (1969) Variation in total soluble sugars of conifer tissues with method of analysis. The larvae had three pairs of thoracic prolegs. Article  Fig. Article  Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Glob Change Biol 8:695–709, Andrew NR et al (2013) Assessing insect responses to climate change: what are we testing for? Andrew N. Gherlenda or Markus Riegler. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Front Plant Sci 4:445, Ryan GD, Rasmussen S, Newman JA (2010) Global atmospheric change and trophic interactions: are there any general responses? Oecologia 137:233–244, Hovenden MJ, Williams AL (2010) The impacts of rising CO2 concentrations on Australian terrestrial species and ecosystems. The larvae had pale bands just posterior to their heads and three black dots on each side of the thoracic segments. Strangways, Vic. Eggs and Larvae Eggs on Eucalyptus tree young stem, length 2mm Leaf Beetle laying eggs Leaf Beetle and egg Leaf Beetles lay eggs on leaves or stems. - 45.56.223.111. When fully grown, they drop onto the soil and pupate. Oecologia 177, 607–617 (2015). The biology of the Eucalyptus leaf beetle Paropsisterna selmani (de Little) (Chrysomelidae: Paropsini) was assessed in the field and under laboratory conditions. The larvae have four instars. New Phytol 190:1003–1018, PubMed  Tweet; Description: Larvae about 5mm long with broad shiny head and pro-thoracic segment. Larval survival at elevated [CO2] was impacted differently by the two host plant species; survival increased on E. robusta while it decreased on E. tereticornis. globulus): implications for insect defoliation. Research: At present, research on pesticide efficacy against Eucalyptus leaf beetle is lacking. Black dots were also seen along the side of the abdominal segments. Glob Change Biol 8:142–152, Jones CG, Hartley SE (1999) A protein competition model of phenolic allocation. Denis Crawford / Alamy Stock Photo . Image ID: BK354R Eucalyptus leaf (or tortoise) beetles (family Chrysomelidae) are found throughout Australia and can cause considerable damage to gum trees especially those in plantations. Glob Change Biol 8:1–16, Ballhorn DJ, Schmitt I, Fankhauser JD, Katagiri F, Pfanz H (2011) CO2-mediated changes of plant traits and their effects on herbivores are determined by leaf age. Oecologia 171:1025–1035, Nahrung HF (2006) Paropsine beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in south-eastern Queensland hardwood plantations: identifying potential pest species. Both adult and larval stages feed on eucalypt leaves. New Phytol 194:321–336, Rouault G, Candau J, Lieutier F, Nageleisen L, Martin J, Warzée N (2006) Effects of drought and heat on forest insect populations in relation to the 2003 drought in Western Europe. Both adults and larvae feed on Eucalyptus leaves, however, larvae consume much most than the adults. Another Leaf Chewer—the Eucalyptus Snout Beetle. Glob Change Biol 16:2923–2929, Peltonen PA, Vapaavuori E, Heinonen J, Julkunen-Tiitto R, Holopainen JK (2010) Do elevated atmospheric CO2 and O3 affect food quality and performance of folivorous insects on silver birch? It was first found in New Zealand at Te Pohue, Hawkes Bay in March 2016. Ecol Monogr 74:553–568, Murphy J, Riley JP (1962) A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters. CSIRO, Collingwood, CAB International (2005) Forestry compendium. They then emerge, killing the host, and pupate out of sight within the soil. Elevated [CO2] reduced foliar [N] and [P], while it increased total nonstructural carbohydrates and the C:N ratio. The Eucalyptus variegated beetle (Paropsisterna variicollis) is an Australian leaf beetle. We measured the response of the eucalypt leaf beetle Paropsis atomaria (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) feeding on Eucalyptus tereticornis and Eucalyptus robusta. Glob Change Biol 19:1407–1416, Murray TJ, Tissue DT, Ellsworth DS, Riegler M (2013b) Interactive effects of pre-industrial, current and future [CO2] and temperature on an insect herbivore of Eucalyptus. » Eucalypt species trees are the only known hosts in New Zealand. For Ecol Manag 39:35–46, Ohmart C, Stewart L, Thomas J (1985) Effects of food quality, particularly nitrogen concentrations, of Eucalyptus blakelyi foliage on the growth of Paropsis atomaria larvae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Addo-Bediako A, Chown SL, Gaston KJ (2002) Metabolic cold adaptation in insects: a large-scale perspective. PubMed  Oecologia 156:847–859, Holton MK, Lindroth RL, Nordheim EV (2003) Foliar quality influences tree-herbivore-parasitoid interactions: effects of elevated CO2, O3, and plant genotype. Aust Ecol 35:665–684, IPCC, Stocker TF, Qin D, Plattner GK, Tignor M, Allen SK, Boschung J, Nauels A, Xia Y, Bex V, Midgley PM (eds ) (2013) Climate change 2013: the physical science basis. Late instar larvae feed on both mature foliage and young shoots before dropping to pupate in the leaf litter below, and emerge as second generation adults 7-9 weeks after oviposition. The invasive species, most probably from Tasmania, severely defoliates the new flush foliage of several Eucalyptus species in Ireland. PubMed  The. The beetles feed on the foliage, causing notched leaves and in heavy infestations may leave only the mid-vein of the leaf behind, resulting in near defoliation of the tree. Its larvae feed on the leaves of eucalyptus trees and can cause significant damage. Aust For 64:32–37, Stiling P, Cornelissen T (2007) How does elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) affect plant–herbivore interactions? Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Eucalyptus Tortoise Beetle Larva. Responses of leaf beetle larvae to elevated [CO2] and temperature depend on Eucalyptus species. Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material. Find the perfect eucalyptus leaf beetle larvae stock photo. doi:10.1111/jen.12147, Williams RS, Norby RJ, Lincoln DE (2000) Effects of elevated CO2 and temperature-grown red and sugar maple on gypsy moth performance. Google Scholar, Bale JS et al (2002) Herbivory in global climate change research: direct effects of rising temperature on insect herbivores. Environ Entomol 13:1527–1530, Long SP, Ainsworth EA, Rogers A, Ort DR (2004) Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide: plants face the future. Leaf beetles pass winter as adults under bark or amongst leaf litter. Seedlings were grown at ambient (400 µmol mol−1) or elevated (640 µmol mol−1) [CO2] and ambient (26/18 °C day/night) or elevated (ambient + 4 °C) temperature in a greenhouse for 7 months. I knew that these larvae did not belong to P.atomaria.Mark's larvae were from a tree with tons of green Paropsisterna beetles. I was not sure what species these larvae belonged to. Insect Sci 18:409–418, Johns CV, Hughes L (2002) Interactive effects of elevated CO2 and temperature on the leaf-miner Dialectica scalariella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Paterson’s Curse, Echium plantagineum (Boraginaceae). PubMed Google Scholar. CAB International, Wallingford, Carne P (1966) Ecological characteristics of the eucalypt-defoliating chrysomelid Paropsis atomaria Ol. Tubercles seen on every segment of the body. Article  I will try to investigate further. PubMed  Larvae require about 70 days to develop in fresh wood or logs during hot summer months and up to 180 days in drier logs. Peer J 1:e11. Elek JA, 1997. Google Scholar, Agrell J, McDonald EP, Lindroth RL (2000) Effects of CO2 and light on tree phytochemistry and insect performance. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Glob Change Biol 12:27–41. ; The adult beetles and larvae both fed on the foliage and caused typical broom‐top damage to trees. doi:10.7717/peerj.11, PubMed Central  Environ Entomol 37:650–659, Ghannoum O et al (2010) Exposure to preindustrial, current and future atmospheric CO2 and temperature differentially affects growth and photosynthesis in Eucalyptus. CURRENT DISTRIBUTION » Detected in Whiteman’s Valley, Upper Hutt, in August 2012. Oecologia 29:145–162, Friedenberg NA, Sarkar S, Kouchoukos N, Billings RF, Ayres MP (2008) Temperature extremes, density dependence, and southern pine beetle (Coleoptera: curculionidae) population dynamics in east Texas. Nature School For Teachers - Fall 2020 Launch! Larvae feeding on foliage can defoliate trees and repeated defoliation can negatively impact tree growth. Plant-mediated effects of elevated [CO2] reduced female pupal weight and increased developmental time and leaf consumption. Annu Rev Plant Biol 55:591–628, Mattson WJ (1980) Herbivory in relation to plant nitrogen content. Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia, Andrew N. Gherlenda, Ben D. Moore, Scott N. Johnson & Markus Riegler, School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia, You can also search for this author in Ecology 78:215–230, Lawler IR, Foley WJ, Woodrow IE, Cork SJ (1997) The effects of elevated CO2 atmospheres on the nutritional quality of Eucalyptus foliage and its interaction with soil nutrient and light availability. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 11:119–161, McKiernan AB, O’Reilly-Wapstra JM, Price C, Davies NW, Potts BM, Hovenden MJ (2012) Stability of plant defensive traits among populations in two Eucalyptus species under elevated carbon dioxide. Aust J Zool 14:647–672, Coley PD (1998) Possible effects of climate change on plant/herbivore interactions in moist tropical forests. A field experiment and meta-analysis of CO2-mediated changes on plant chemistry and herbivore performance. Mature larvae can be more than 1 inch long and are cream colored and legless. The biology of the Eucalyptus leaf beetle Paropsisterna selmani (de Little) (Chrysomelidae: Paropsini) was assessed in the field and under laboratory conditions. I'm not sure what this is on the beetle eggs. these larvae look similar to Mark's spotting.http://www.projectnoah.org/spottings/154...however, the eggs seem different. EUCALYPTUS LEAF BEETLE FACTS » Native to Australia. Host: Blue gum eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-014-3182-5, Global change ecology - Original research. They were newly hatched - the 1st instar. Related Species eucalyptus tortoise beetle - [Paropsis spp.] Paropsis atomaria Olivier (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Paropsini), is a major pest of commercially grown eucalypts in South-East Australia.. Insect Sci 20:513–523, Ohmart C (1991) Role of food quality in the population dynamics of chrysomelid beetles feeding on Eucalyptus. J Appl Entomol. Eucalyptus leaf beetle (Chrysophtharta sp.) In mid-summer, we saw a young gum tree in Karawatha Forest which was heavily infected by the Leaf Beetle Larvae. Oikos 94:358–364, Niziolek OK, Berenbaum MR, DeLucia EH (2013) Impact of elevated CO2 and increased temperature on Japanese beetle herbivory. Agric For Entomol 8:323–332, Seneweera S, Makino A, Hirotsu N, Norton R, Suzuki Y (2011) New insight into photosynthetic acclimation to elevated CO2: the role of leaf nitrogen and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase content in rice leaves. Diagnostic Notes. We tested the hypothesis that variation in oxidizable phenolic concentrations in Eucalyptus foliage influences feeding and survival of Paropsis atomaria (Eucalyptus leaf beetle) larvae. Image of eucalyptus, insect, grub - 134175022 Nature 391:783–786, Dury SJ, Good JEG, Perrins CM, Buse A, Kaye T (1998) The effects of increasing CO2 and temperature on oak leaf palatability and the implications for herbivorous insects. However, near every group of feeding beetle larvae, there was a Spined Predatory Shield Bug attacking them. Google Scholar, Awmack CS, Leather SR (2002) Host plant quality and fecundity in herbivorous insects. Field ID: Adults about 5-7 mm long, gray to reddish brown, hemispherical and flattened underneath. Eucalyptus Leaf Beetles feed on eucalypt leaves. Part of Springer Nature. Legs with tarsomeres bilobed and covered ventrally with a thick set of bristles. The Eucalyptus Leaf Beetle, Paropsisterna m-fuscum (formerly Chrysophtharta m-fuscum), is a plant pest native to Australia and New Guinea and detrimental to cultivated eucalyptus stands. Assessing the impact of leaf beetles in eucalypt plantations and exploring options for their management. Some tiny beetle larvae. The Tasmanian eucalyptus leaf beetle, Chrysophtharta bimaculata, previously considered to be bivoltine, was found to have a univoltine life‐cycle in north‐west Tasmania.Field sex ratio and laboratory fecundity of the species were determined. The body is pale-brown yellowish with a dark strip along the middorsal apex. Leaf beetles (Chrysomelid leaf beetles) include eucalyptus tortoise beetles (Paropsis), northern eucalyptus leaf beetles (Paropsisterna) and their relatives. However, mean MANAGEMENT OF THE TASMANIAN EUCALYPTUS LEAF BEETLE 35 TABLE 1 Regression results for ordinal defoliation ratings ofE. Annu Rev Entomol 47:817–844, Ayub G, Smith RA, Tissue DT, Atkin OK (2011) Impacts of drought on leaf respiration in darkness and light in Eucalyptus saligna exposed to industrial-age atmospheric CO2 and growth temperature. Plant Cell Environ 30:258–270, CAS  In Australia it is commonly known as one of the eucalyptus tortoise beetle species. Plant Physiol 126:485–493, CAS  In: Baluska F, Ninkovic V (eds) Plant communication from an ecological perspective. The parasitoid specifically hunts for Eucalyptus leaf beetle larvae and lays an egg inside them. Correspondence to Am J Bot 100:582–591, R Development Core Team (2014) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. J Chem Ecol 38:204–212, Moore BD, Wallis IR, Wood JT, Foley WJ (2004) Foliar nutrition, site quality, and temperature influence foliar chemistry of tallowwood (Eucalyptus microcorys). These are possible, being linear, although a rarer species. Gherlenda, A.N., Haigh, A.M., Moore, B.D. de Little DW, 1983. This is not a Pale-brown Sawfly but a beetle larvae: Eucalypt Leaf Beetle (Paropsisterna cloelia). A global citizen science platform to discover, share and identify wildlife. Eucalyptus leaf beetle larvae hatching from egg cluster. Article  The adult beetles and larvae both fed on the foliage and caused typical broom‐top damage to … When ready to pupate they drop to the ground, burrow into the soil where they pupate. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria, Rapley LP, Allen GR, Potts BM, Davies NW (2007) Constitutive or induced defences—how does Eucalyptus globulus defend itself from larval feeding? Funct Ecol 23:4–16, Reid CAM, Ohmart CP (1989) Determination of the sex of pupae of Paropsis atomaria Olivier, and related Paropsina (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Funct Ecol 25:325–338, Schutze MK, Mather PB, Clarke AR (2006) Species status and population structure of the Australian Eucalyptus pest Paropsis atomaria Olivier (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Where should we be heading?