At their respective levels, local people's congresses elect, and have the power to recall, governors and deputy governors, or mayors and deputy mayors, or heads and deputy heads of counties, districts, townships and towns. The personal dignity of citizens of the People's Republic of China is inviolable. The state organizes and encourages forestation and the protection of forests. The first part (Chapters 1 & 2) deals with China's constitutional history, its indigenous and Confucian antecedents, as well as the turbulent century which led up to the 1982 Constitution and the new order which this ushered in. Citizens of the People's Republic of China have the duty as well as the right to receive education. The state helps the areas inhabited by minority nationalities speed up their economic and cultural development in accordance with the peculiarities and needs of the different minority nationalities. During the primary stage of socialism, the State adheres to the basic economic system with the public ownership remaining dominant and diverse sectors of the economy developing side by side, and to the distribution system with the distribution according to work remaining dominant and the coexistence of a variety of modes of distribution. Constitution of the People’s Republic of China Adopted on December 4, 1982 PREAMBLE China is one of the countries with the longest histories in the world. The National People's Congress and its Standing Committee exercise the legislative power of the state. The Chairman and Vice-Chairmen of the Standing Committee shall serve no more than two consecutive terms. The State establishes a sound social security system compatible with the level of economic development. There were no similar constitutional restrictions on the tenure of incumbents to top CCP positions. The various forms of cooperative economy in the cities and towns, such as those in the handicraft, industrial, building, transport, commercial and service trades, all belong to the sector of socialist economy under collective ownership by the working people. The state practices strict economy and combats waste. The State Committee of Supervisory directs the work of local supervisory committees at all levels. The first part (Chapters 1 & 2) deals with China's constitutional history, its indigenous and Confucian antecedents, as well as the turbulent century which led up to the 1982 Constitution and the new order which this ushered in. The system of the multi-party cooperation and political consultation led by the Communist Party of China will exist and develop for a long time to come. The people of all nationalities in China have jointly created a splendid culture and have a glorious revolutionary tradition. The ministers have overall responsibility for the respective ministries or commissions under their charge. The people's democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants, which is in essence the dictatorship of the proletariat, has been consolidated and developed. All the minority nationalities are entitled to appropriate representation. Appropriation or damage of state or collective property by any organization or individual by whatever means is prohibited. The ministries and commissions issue orders, directives and regulations within the jurisdiction of their respective departments and in accordance with the statutes and the administrative rules and regulations, decisions and orders issued by the State Council. This basic division of power is also specified for each of the territorial divisions—province, county, and so forth—with the proviso in each instance that the latitude available to authorities is limited to that specified by law. The second chapter deals with the distinctive features of its current constitution. The relationship between the residents' and villagers' committees and the grass-roots organs of state power is prescribed by law. Deputies to the National People's Congress and all those on its Standing Committee have the right, in accordance with procedures prescribed by law, to submit bills and proposals within the scope of the respective functions and powers of the National People's Congress and its Standing Committee. There is in any case a partial overlap of membership among these organs and between these top CCP bodies and the Standing Committee of the State Council. The state strengthens the revolutionization, modernization and regularization of the armed forces in order to increase the national defense capability. The President of the People's Republic of China, on behalf of the People's Republic of China, engages in activities involving State affairs and receives foreign diplomatic representatives and, in pursuance of decisions of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, appoints and recalls plenipotentiary representatives abroad, and ratifies and abrogates treaties and important agreements concluded with foreign states. The premier, vice-premiers, state councillors, and secretary-general meet regularly as the Standing Committee, in which the premier has the final decision-making power. Constitution of the People's Republic of China (As on March 14, 2004) Preamble China is a country with one of the longest histories in the world. In truth, it is little more than a rubber stamp for party decisions. All nationalities in the People's Republic of China are equal. Auditing bodies are established by local people's governments at and above the county level. Within the limits of their authority as prescribed by law, they adopt and issue resolutions and examine and decide on plans for local economic and cultural development and for development of public services. visiting China, hosting visitors from China, preparing for China-related hearings, or drafting China-related legislation. Translation of 2018 amendments provided by the NPC Observer. Th… The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, a broadly based representative organization of the united front which has played a significant historical role, will play a still more important role in the country's political and social life, in promoting friendship with other countries and in the struggle for socialist modernization and for the reunification and unity of the country. 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