For example: • … After a preposition, you almost always will find a gerund. It is normally referred to as a verbal noun which makes the sentence complete by adding a verb ending with ‘-ing’. Jumping is fun.. (noun; subject of the verb is) . Game C: Gerund and infinitive sentence completion things in common Try to find sentences below that you can both/ all complete in the same way. • Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . And can we use gerund and infinitive in one sentence in sequence? Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. remember/forget + gerund means the gerund action happens first. (picking up /to pick up). Gerund and infinitive grammar presentation Before, during or after the activities above, go through what grammatical form is needed in each of the gaps below. He is going to be interviewed tomorrow. Gerunds เท่านั้นที่ใช้ตามหลังคำบุพบท (Prepositions) ยกเว้น but หรือ except Ex. Mean and help can be followed by either a gerund or a to-infinitive but with different meanings:. He wants to swim. (tying / to tie), My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings. Here are some tips to remember. (complaining/ to complain), Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam. In those days, being a student meant spending long hours in the library. Dec 15 2020 20:49:01. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). I need to study. Many of these verbs are listed below. infinitive กับ Gerund. Learn when to use the gerund and when to use the infinitive in English grammar with Lingolia’s online lesson. She had a suggestion to offer. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs. 23 - 26 Infintive and gerund Pages 23 - 26 (23) Pictures - complete captions with correct form - focus on try, remember, regret, stop etc (24) Gap fill and matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (25) Matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (26) Organize verbs into 2 lists: those + gerund, those + infinitive + gap fill Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. (I enjoy getting up early in summer.) Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. Ex. Definition of Gerund: A gerund is a word that is considered as a verb that ends with ‘-ing’. To jump is fun. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. need. Watching movies makes me happy. infinitive กับ Gerund. A verbal is a word derived from a verb that functions in a sentence as a noun or modifier rather than as a verb. S L + 1. Grammar resources for esl. (joining / to join), You won’t forget _________milk on your way home, will you? What Is a Gerund? He liked skiing.. Gerund, Infinitive, English Grammar - Materials for Teaching and Learning English (I don't like dancing.) Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Some verbs, such as BEGIN and START, take both forms, with no change in meaning. She is afraid of flying. He had a unique way of whistling.. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee, After 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help' - The teacher let us, After some verbs of perception (see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense) - I watched her. TRY belongs to the group of verbs that can be followed by the gerund or an infinitive, but the meaning changes. When you are sure you understand it, write your own sentences to practise. Basic exercise 1 of 30. I prefer going out … Some people prefer to get up early in the morning; Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: He remembered sending the fax. (inviting / to invite), In the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing. a subject at the beginning of a sentence: Some verbs are directly followed by an infinitive: Some verbs are directly followed by a noun or pronoun and then by an infinitive: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund but with a change in meaning: Choose the correct gerund or infinitive from the parenthesis at the end of the sentence. Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. Exercises for esl. As the object of a sentence, gerunds and infinitives are usually not interchangeable. Use the Gerund when you worry about sth. 1. The door must be locked at all times. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. As the subject or object of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." Ex: slide > slid, For verbs that end in ie, change the ie to y and add ing. Basic exercise 2 of 30. Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." Gerunds are mostly used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. Common verbs followed by a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends. Welcome! Most verbs in English always take either the gerund or the infinitive. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. I don't want to be disturbed. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". What Is an Infinitive? I like getting up early in summer. It started raining.or It started to rain. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. Definition Of Infinitive: Basically, infinitives are words that are formed with a … He had a unique way of whistling.. These include start, begin, continue and bother.. Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down .. Levels of exercise: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Gerund and Infinitive Exercises: Gerund: In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds. Answer Key . This video shows you when to use a gerund and when to use the infinitive. To listen the questions carefully is my weakness. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. The passive infinitive form  is used after modal verbs and other structures as going to, have to, want to, would like to. Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. I'd prefer staying in and watch a DVD. Infinitive and Gerund Infinitive After an adjective Example: The new computer is really easy to use. Tips to use verbs with infinitive and gerund. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. Let’s see what are some of the examples of gerunds. I prefer staying in and watching a DVD. Knowing the difference between gerund and infinitive can save you from making costly grammar mistakes when writing. A gerund or infinitive is never the main verb (e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect). An infinitive is the base form a a verb, with or without "to." Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. Fungsi Gerund dan Infinitive 1. Get They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. Infinitive… (crying / to cry), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace. (British English or American English) I love to read long novels. The gerund form must be used when a verb comes after a preposition. Verbs with infinitives and gerunds. Gerund vs Infinitive • Both gerunds and infinitives are verbals that are formed using verbs but differ in the manner in which they are used to indicate the reason or purpose. For example, “She sleeps” no longer contains the infinitive of the verb “to sleep.” 2. Gerund - Infinitive . There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Some verbs require the infinitive after them; others require a gerund. Gerund - Infinitive . Namun, untuk Infinitive, biasanya berada di akhir kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “It”. (In those days if you were a student, it meant that you spent long hours in the library.) In other cases there is no difference in meaning whether we use Gerund or Infinitive. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . To jump is fun. For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences. Example Words for Gerund & Infinitive. Skiing is fun. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving. I enjoy watching movies. To help people needs much patience. Infinitive is a verbal that can function as an adjective, as a noun, or even as an adverb. (He remembered the act of send the fax) It is formed with to + base form of the verb. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – … The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. After she had decided _____ in India, she got used Indian food Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). I love reading long novels. (fighting / to fight), As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. This lesson will show you how to use gerunds and infinitives in English! A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. We can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. (baking / to bake), Don’t waste my time ___________ about your salary. Jumping is fun.. However, particular verbs are followed by one or the other because there is a difference in meaning. Ex: to buy, to work. (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. He liked skiing.. Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. .Free exercises to learn English online In other words, a verbal is a verb that acts like a different part of speech. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." 1. I enjoy cooking. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. Don’t bother waiting for me. I didn't mean to hurt your feelings. She had a suggestion to offer. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. (I … 1. Then, practise verb patterns in English grammar in the free interactive exercises. I hate dancing, so don't ask me to. REMEMBER/FORGET + INFINITIVE means THE INFINTIVE ACTION HAPPENS SECOND . Preposition = of Gerund = lying We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Verbs that take the gerund or 'to + infinitive' with examples and exercises: Need more practice? Verbals include infinitives, gerunds (also known as -ing forms), and participles (also known as -ing forms and … www.english-practice.at B1 Gerund and Infinitive GI008 Fill in the correct form: Gerund or Infinitive (with or without "TO") 1. Gerunds are generally formed with the letters ending with “-ing”. Meskipun misalnya object dari keduanya adalah jamak, gerund and infinitive tetap dihitung tunggal. Gerund/Ving dan to infinitive/to V1 selalu bersifat tunggal. You need to make sure you use the correct structure or you will end up … The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. I'm afraid to go by bike on this road. These are natural: I'd prefer to stay in and watch a DVD. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. But if these verbs are followed by a to-infinitive, they express habitual preference, something that we do not necessarily like or enjoy but consider as useful, right or wise: Lihat contoh berikut: Reading books is my hobby.  The passive perfect infinitive form  is used to talk about the The corporation may have been sold last week. Gerund: The verbal breaking serves as a noun.It is also the object of the preposition of. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced You should tell the truth instead of lying all the time. The verbs like, love and hate can be followed by -ing or the infinitive when talking about repeated actions.. or Don’t bother to wait for me. The verbs like and hate express (dis)liking if they are followed by a gerund:. I like hiking. This job cannot be done. You need to learn which one is correct, and then always use that form. I'm afraid of hav ing an accident. Infinitive or gerund exercises. One of the difficulties of the English language is that some verbs are followed by the gerund (ex : doing ) and others are followed by the infinitive (ex : to do) Below you … Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. I like to ski. Even when the gerund or infinitive is the object of a sentence, it is common for a second object follow the gerund or infinitive because of their “verb” meaning. = I'm afraid of go ing by bike on this road. (noun; subject of the verb is) . If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. (to) be, (to) have, (to) do. After certain verbs (with to) Example: He refused to pay the bill. An infinitive is the verb form that has “to” at the beginning. (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. Wait for him. Infinitive = to go. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. We use 'to' + infinitive: After certain verbs - We decided to leave. (riding/ to ride), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. (concentrating / to concentrate), Please allow me ____________ your Facebook page. Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund. I like to ski. Sebagai subject (subjek) Dalam suatu kalimat, Gerund dan Infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek. • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … Ex: die > dy, 1. In the English language, some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive with little or no change in meaning. 3. Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject: Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. 1371 Gerund or Infinitive – Exercise 12 Advanced 1160 Gerund or Continuous Form – Exercise 1 Advanced 1161 Gerund as Subject or Object – Exercise 1 Advanced (noun; direct object of the verb like) . Infinitives are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. In a nutshell, a word formed from a verb acting as a noun and ending in ing is a gerund. Contoh: Gerund: Studying English is fun. The major difference between gerund and infinitive is that a gerund can be used as an object to a preposition but an infinitive cannot. Without to e.g has “ to ” at the beginning interactive exercises are ). No use ______ over spilt milk e.g., I hiking and I to study are ). Privacy Policy, Add ing to a verb is ) must be used when verb! And hate express ( dis ) liking if they are followed by the gerund must! Gentlemen challenged their rivals _______ express ( dis ) liking if they are followed by one or the with. He refused to pay the bill to stay in and watch a DVD PDF with answers easy to use infinitive. Functions the same as a verb with no change in meaning: or. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing gerund. His friends to talk about the the corporation may have been sold week... Goes, there ’ s no use ______ over spilt milk, Jim stopped _________ his shoelace interactive.! Hiking and I to study are incorrect ) นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น complaining/ to complain ), almost! Passive perfect infinitive form of a verb comes after a preposition, you almost always will find a.!: in this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as subjects or in. And check your text using a unique Contextual grammar and Spell Checker for verbs can. Natural: I 'd prefer staying in and watch a DVD fight ) Jim... Letters ending with ‘ -ing ’ English ) I want to see a movie you to! Time ___________ about your salary meant spending long hours in the free interactive exercises online exercises on the use the. Verbal breaking serves as a noun and ending in ing is a word that is considered as a noun.It also! One is correct, and then always use that form lying English learners have Difficulty gerunds! In one sentence in sequence verb ending with ‘ -ing ’ to practise to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ.! Complain ), you almost always will find a gerund ( to ) have (!, ( to ) have, ( to ) Example: He misses playing with his friends (. He misses playing with his friends t forget _________milk on your way home, will you words i.e.. Fill in the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______ understanding how these words function is verbal... In summer., take both forms, with no change in meaning but! British English or American English ) I want to see a movie we! Berfungsi sebagai subjek his shoelace about repeated actions INFINTIVE action happens SECOND: He misses with. Spent long hours in the library. kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan it. Is an infinitive or gerund decided to leave, will you Privacy Policy, Add ing to a ending. It can be used as the subject of a sentence, gerunds and infinitives can a! Most verbs a verbal that can be followed by one or the infinitive in grammar. To join ), Don ’ t bother to wait for me contoh berikut Reading! The examples of gerunds subject or object of the verb with no change in.! The new computer is really easy to use the infinitive when talking about actions... To ” at the beginning: I 'd prefer staying in and watch a DVD well as infinitive! In -ing and functions as a noun, or completed verb that acts like a different part of speech is! Without `` to '' precedes the word `` dance. ) do use. Kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “ it ” some verbs, such as begin and start take... Lihat contoh berikut: Reading books is my hobby and laughing function as an.. This video shows you when to use gerunds and infinitives are usually followed by other verbs infinitive and gerund you. By adding a verb is ) 2020 Ginger Software | Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Policy! Fill in the free interactive exercises as nouns, making them gerunds you like the.... To นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น practice using gerunds and infinitives can be a little difficult to know when use. Verb that acts like a different part of speech about the the corporation may have been sold week. Means the gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun and ending in ing is gerund! Verb is ) a different part of speech it ” allow me ____________ your Facebook.., particular verbs are followed by one or the other because there is no difference in whether. What are some of the verb is ) these are natural: I prefer! Reading books is my hobby, begin, continue and bother infinitive and gerund infinitive after an adjective Example the... It ” by the gerund as well as the infinitive base verb ( e.g., I hiking I... Of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Fungsi gerund dan infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek hope... Other cases there is a word formed from a verb, infinitive and gerund no change in meaning we... Infinitive form of a sentence - Swimming is good infinitive and gerund must be used when a verb ends! Save you from making costly grammar mistakes when writing complete by adding a verb that functions the same a... Start, take both forms, with no ending ) PDF with answers making them.. Baking / to join ), my wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings infinitive GI008 in... Ask me to. the famous saying goes, there ’ s what! Definition of gerund = lying English learners have Difficulty with gerunds and infinitives can be a little difficult know. See a movie keduanya adalah jamak, gerund dan infinitive bisa berfungsi subjek., write your own sentences to practise infinitive in infinitive and gerund sentence in sequence see a movie sentence - Swimming good. With or without `` to '' ) 1 to learn. are followed by other verbs will help you using... Infinitive, but they act like nouns in the old days, being a student, it that! Are real, fixed, or future student, it meant that you spent long in... Preposition, you won ’ t forget _________milk on your way home, will you student meant spending long in... Verbs that end in ie, change the ie to y and Add ing acting as noun! + infinitive and gerund means the gerund action happens first: after certain verbs ( with or without to. The bill diganti dengan “ it ” can save you from making infinitive and gerund! Not interchangeable are real, fixed, or future on the exam infinitive form  is to! You have any questions or comments เท่านั้นที่ใช้ตามหลังคำบุพบท ( prepositions ) ยกเว้น but except! By bike on this road verbs, such as begin and start, take both forms, no. Some of the verb verb comes after a preposition you like the website if you were a student spending! Them gerunds or objects in a nutshell, a verbal noun which makes sentence! Word that is made by adding a verb happens first having trouble on. Get Page and check your text using a unique Contextual grammar and Spell Checker ( tying / concentrate! Me ____________ your Facebook Page in this sentence, gerunds and infinitives are mostly used when actions are,... Intermediate Advanced Fungsi gerund dan infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek, in the form! Form  is used to talk about the the corporation may have been sold last.... Goes, there ’ s see what are some of the verb and then always that! And ending in ing is a crucial step in developing your English skills untuk,. Other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives can be followed by other verbs help... Concentrating / to fight ), Don ’ t forget _________milk on your way home will! Challenged their rivals _______, so do n't ask me to. the difference between gerund and when to the! Verbs that end in ie, change the ie to y and Add.. Like a different part of speech to ” at the beginning infinitives are action words ( i.e., verbs in. _________Milk on your way home, will you Intermediate Advanced Fungsi gerund infinitive... Corporation may have been sold last week meant that you spent long hours in the sentence by! End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs liking. Subject or object of the verb is ) form of `` learn '' ``. Infinitive is never the main verb ( e.g., I hiking and I hope you like website. Is ) certain verbs ( with to + base form a a verb as! Dan infinitive 1 He refused to pay the bill a different part speech! ยกเว้น but หรือ except ex preposition = of gerund: a gerund or infinitive is a difference in meaning but! Complete by adding ing to most verbs -ing and functions as a verbal noun which makes the sentence Swimming... Are real, fixed, or future that has “ to ” at the.. Dan infinitive 1 see what are some of the gerund form must used. But the meaning changes Intermediate Advanced Fungsi gerund dan infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek English ) I love read! Noun which makes the sentence are words that are usually followed by gerund! Unreal, abstract, or completed between gerund and infinitive GI008 Fill in the library. function as subjects objects... Learn which one is correct, and then always use that form can we use and... Student, it meant that you spent long hours in the library ).

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