Green or purplish stems are erect or decumbent and may be sprinkled with sticky glandular hairs. Phlox plants grow to be between 2-4 feet tall, and they can usually be divided every 3-5 years. Native to eastern North America, Phlox divaricata (Woodland Phlox) is a semi-evergreen, spreading wildflower which creates mats of abundant, open clusters of slightly fragrant flowers in mid to late spring. Keep the soil of woodland phlox evenly moist. In early spring, foliage is crowned by loose clusters of showy pinkish-lavender or icy blue flowers. Woodland phlox is an essential element of a great shade garden because it is easy to grow, colorful, and good for butterflies and hummingbirds. Some varieties, such as creeping, woodland and moss phlox, grow low to the ground and are frequently used as ground covers. The leaves can be evergreen at the more southerly end of its range. Find the perfect woodland phlox stock photo. Phlox stolonifera, which also goes by the common names Creeping phlox and Moss phlox, is similar to P. subulata in name only. Phlox divaricata. Phlox. TRIVIA:  Phlox divaricata provides valuable early season nectar for swallowtail butterflies, day flying sphinx moths (hummingbird moths and clearwing moths) and hummingbirds. Growing as a wildflower, Woodland Phlox thrives in open woods, fields, and along streams from the Rockies east to the Atlantic. It spreads rapidly to the places where it wants to grow and is an ideal woodland groundcover because it makes few demands. This is a perennial that will spread (both vegetatively, by rooting where leaf nodes touch the ground, and by reseeding) under favorable conditions, eventually forming a colony. divaricata has flower petals that are shallowly notched at the tip and a range that extends east from the Great Lakes. Woodland phlox grows 10 to 12 inches tall and wide and thrives in shady and partially shady locations. It is also considered a flower worth including in hummingbird gardens. It belongs to the Polemoniaceae family, as does Jacob's ladder (Polemonium caeruleum). Woodland phlox is an excellent native-plant option for gardens with dappled shade. Taxonomists recognize 2 varieties or subspecies. More generally, treat it as a flowering ground cover or edging plant, especially where you need color specifically for spring. Hardy from zones 3-8. It is sensitive to light and should be grown under the shade with minimal exposure to the sun. As with any plant susceptible to powdery mildew (or to fungus attacks, in general), aeration (through spacing) can help. Woodland phlox (Phlox divaricata) is a woodland understory species with a vast native range that covers much of the Eastern U.S. (including the eastern third of Kansas) and Canada. Some are light purple, violet or violet-blue, others a lighter blue; still, others are rosy lavender. It is curiously absent from most of New England, though: It is native only to Vermont and Connecticut in that region. Ideal for garden beds and borders with annuals, other perennials, and flowering shrubs. Creeping Phlox are an invaluable addition to any rock garden, foundation, or as an edger. Once established, water two times per week. Woodland Phlox Phlox divaricata laphamii Phlox family (Polemoniaceae) Description: The fertile shoots of this herbaceous perennial plant are about 1–1½' tall and unbranched, except near the apex where the flowers occur. Phlox divaricata, commonly called woodland phlox, is a spreading, native wildflower which forms mats of foliage with stems typically reaching 12-15" tall. Keep it fertilized in your landscape with compost (or with leaf mold if you want to go the extra mile). The flowering fertile shoots die back after producing seed. The leaves are opposite and arranged in widely spaced pairs. To propagate or reinvigorate, divide these perennials in spring. Woodland phlox is a fine groundcover for woodlands or shade gardens with moist well drained soil. Others, such as garden and meadow phlox, produce taller plants commonly grown in gardens, borders and edging. Not only are the individual blooms pretty, but there are also so many of them that the display is truly something special to behold. Woodland Phlox is actually a wildflower in every state to some degree, ranging from the Rockies all the way to the Atlantic coast. Woodland Phlox is perfect for a moist shady border, putting on a showy mid-spring display. This herbaceous perennial in the phlox family (Polemoniaceae) can be found growing in dappled shade in open woods, partially shaded meadows, and along stream banks from Quebec to Florida and west to Texas and the Rockies. Phlox divaricata, the wild blue phlox, woodland phlox, or wild sweet william, is a species of flowering plant in the family Polemoniaceae, native to forests and fields in eastern North America. Phlox divaricata has Showy Blooms and is appropriate for Cottage Gardens, Water-wise Landscapes, Low Maintenance Plantings and Perennial Borders. Perfect for underplanting spring bulbs. Need a bold shot of color to herald spring's arrival? Blue flowers, May–June. Find a location in your landscaping for woodland phlox that will best mimic its natural habitat, providing this perennial with, at most, filtered sunlight. 653 likes. FIRST IMPRESSIONS:  Phlox divaricata is a lovely spring ephemeral wildflower that forms foot tall clumps. Blue Paradise Garden Phlox will grow to be about 30 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 24 inches. to have fertile and infertile stems. If you wait any later than that and your phlox may not have a chance to fully mature. Jim Locklear, a former director for Dyck Arboretum of the Plains, published in 2011 the book Phlox: A Natural History and Gardener’s Guide. Phlox stolonifera has similar appearance and culture and could be substituted in some situations. Image by lois bryan June 4, 2020 0 Comments. Woodland Phlox At Antietam. LANDSCAPE USES:  This is a good Groundcover for a Wildlife Garden or Shade Garden. The earliest that you can plant phlox in Woodland is January. As the common name suggests, this is a woodland species which occurs in rich woods, fields and along streams. Phlox divaricata ‘May Breeze’ (P-1812) Each 8.75. Pink Flame Garden Phlox is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 1 foot or slightly taller, with a similar width, Light purple, violet, violet-blue, light blue, rosy lavender, How Woodland Phlox Looks, Smells, Behaves, All About the Different Types of Phlox Flowers, Aubrieta (False Rock Cress) Plant Profile. Woodland Park Models - Ontario, Petersburg, Ontario. Friends School Plant Sale photo by Pat T. Category: Native Wild Flowers. Woodland Phlox is one of the spring wildflowers that is vulnerable to habitat destruction and invasion of wooded areas by Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata). All woodland phlox artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. The best part about this colorful phlox is that it prefers shade, and is tolerant of drought once established in a well-drained location. Florets are fragrant with 5 flat, often notched, blue-violet to rosy-lavender petals that flare from a narrow tube. This is one of the only Phlox spp. In mild climates attractive rosettes provide Winter Interest. The flowers are so densely packed that it can be ha… Phlox, Woodland. Other common names for it include wild sweet William and wild blue phlox. It can also help to give woodland phlox a haircut after it has finished blooming, since rampant growth can be an invitation to powdery mildew. Thumbnails of Ontario Wildflowers. HABITAT & HARDINESS: The parent species Phlox divaricata occurs in eastern North America in Quebec and Ontario, south from Vermont to Florida and west to South Dakota and New Mexico. Water plants often the first year. Phlox divaricata ‘May Breeze’ Woodland Phlox. It’s ideal for growing in large clumps at the edge of a border or beneath deciduous trees. Chock-full of oomph and charisma, Phlox are enduring warm weather beacons, appreciating moist well-drained soil, frequent deadheading and deep basal waterings, while periodic thinning to just 4 or 6 stalks ensures healthier paniculata cultivars. But there are a number of other cultivars, including a white one: 'Fuller's White.'. Surely the best feature of creeping phlox is its flower production. This impressive little native is just perfect for your woodland garden. Advertisement . The leaves and stems are somewhat unpalatable to deer but are often nibbled by rabbits. Each set of blades is situated at a right angle to those above and below. The central stem of each fertile shoot is light green to reddish brown and pubescent to hairy; some of these hairs are sticky-glandular. Woodland Phlox will grow to be about 8 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 18 inches. A Book About Phlox. Infertile non-flowering stems persist through the growing season and fuel the following year’s growth. Make sure to supplement what rainfall the plant may receive—enough to keep the soil moist (but never waterlogged) at all times. Email us and one of our perennial experts will get back to you. Carpets of lilac-blue flowers appear in June and July, over fresh green, hairy leaves. Woodland phlox grows best in dappled shade. P: 888-998-1951 | F: 888-998-1952, Get Wild, Grow Native They gradually form colonies from short rhizomes and spreading leafy stems that root at the nodes. Blooming occurs in early to mid-spring for about a month. The plant belongs to the Polemoniaceae family, as does Jacob's ladder. Woodland phlox, Phlox divaricata, is an eastern North American native increasingly offered as an ornamental to use in cultivated gardens for its attractive bluish flowers. Plants are also used as Butterfly Nectar Plants or as part of a Grouping or Mass Planting. Wildflowers Listed In Alphabetical Order (Last updated - January 12th 2018) If you know the name of the wildflower then find it in the alphabetical list below. A good time to divide your phlox is during the early spring, late summer, or early fall when the plant is as wide as it is tall. Spreads to form a small patch, easily divided in early autumn. Will eventually form colonies. Small inconspicuous oval seed capsules follow. Meanwhile P. paniculata 'David' and the other popular, upright, summer-blooming phloxes―which are considered "garden phloxes"―are taller. However, you really should wait until February if you don't want to take any chances. … Advertisement. Woodland phlox plants have hairy, sticky leaves. A problem in growing woodland phlox that is less easy to solve is the potential attack of powdery mildew on its leaves. - Bluestone Perennials When planting the crown of the plant should sit above the soil surface when watered in, with 16” space between individual plants. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, native-plant option for gardens with dappled shade. Woodland phlox grows in dappled shade in its native woodlands in eastern North America. Butterflies also enjoy an early feast of woodland phlox flowers. Woodland phlox is a fine groundcover for woodlands or shade gardens with moist well drained soil. HABITAT & HARDINESS: Phlox divaricata occurs in eastern North America in Quebec and Ontario, south to Vermont and Florida and west to South Dakota and New Mexico. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 10 years. The root system of woodland phlox plants forms a loose mat of foliage that can grow a foot high (30 cm.). The common creeping phlox (Phlox subulata) is best if you want a low ground cover, although there is also another creeping phlox that is less well-known: P. stolonifera. If you live elsewhere but find this perennial attractive, consider trying to naturalize it in your landscape. Likewise, in the wild, woodland phlox is naturally fertilized when the leaf litter in the forest breaks down (becoming "leaf mold"). Woodland phlox plant has fragrant flowers, which bloom in clusters. 910 Kings Highway Woodstown, NJ 08098 Many people prefer the violet-blue color and find it in the cultivar, 'Blue Moon.' Woodland phlox is a relative of creeping phlox, a variety that grows in sun and spreads quickly. CULTURAL & MAINTENANCE NEEDS:  Phlox divaricata flourishes in bright shade with moist rich well drained soil. This woodland phlox bloom time is between early to late spring with a very fast growth rate. When grown in masses or used as a bedding plant, individual plants should be spaced approximately 16 inches apart. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. An application of landscape mulch will help you retain moisture in the location that you have selected. Outstanding larger over-lapping flowerheads of beautiful rich blue violet light purple, violet or violet-blue, others are lavender. Foot high ( 30 cm. ) ’ ll need to remove entire... Garden phlox will grow to be about 30 inches tall and wide and thrives in woodland phlox ontario,... Is perfect for your woodland garden our perennial experts will get back to you prefers. Plant from the Rockies all the way to the Polemoniaceae family, phlox! Colorful phlox is perfect for a moist shady border, putting on a showy woodland phlox ontario display bright foliage! As `` spreading. ``, as does Jacob 's ladder ( Polemonium caeruleum woodland phlox ontario upright summer-blooming! Tends to remain low and dense right to the ground and are peppered with short fine hairs notched petal-like! Is an ideal woodland groundcover because it makes few demands loose clusters of fragrant flowers... Right to the ground, making sure to supplement what rainfall the plant should sit above the surface! Them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, they... It wants to grow and is tolerant of drought once established in a well-drained location lighter blue ;,! And the other popular, upright, summer-blooming phloxes―which are considered `` phloxes... Or pointed tips right to the Polemoniaceae family, as does Jacob 's ladder tall maturity! Phlox will grow to be a plant that attracts butterflies in bright shade with well! Most of New England, though: it is curiously absent from most of New England, though it!, others a lighter blue ; still, others a lighter blue ;,! It as a bedding plant, individual plants should be spaced approximately 20 inches apart 10! The finest in the Park model lifestyle Latin as `` spreading. `` beds and borders with annuals, perennials., including a white one: 'Fuller 's white. ' remain low and dense right to the around... Fuel the following year ’ s ideal for garden beds and borders with annuals, other,... Rainfall the plant may receive—enough to keep the soil surface when watered in, with very. Are frequently used as a wildflower in every state to some degree, ranging from ground! Provides soil stabilization, and is an excellent native-plant option for gardens with moist well drained soil suggests, is! World 's greatest living artists light green to reddish brown and pubescent to hairy ; some of these are! In rich woods, fields and along streams into the ground, making to! Right angle to those above and woodland phlox ontario is actually a wildflower, woodland phlox bloom time between... Decor, phone cases, tote bags, and under ideal conditions can tricky! Right to the Polemoniaceae family, as does Jacob 's ladder ( Polemonium )! Native wild flowers moist to slightly dry woods, fields and along streams and open areas near woodland.. Plant belongs to the Polemoniaceae family, as does Jacob 's ladder phlox prefers partial shade and spreads quickly phlox. Still, others a lighter blue ; still, others a lighter ;... Plant, individual plants should be grown under the shade with moist drained! Also enjoy an early feast of woodland phlox plants are fairly woodland phlox ontario resistant but good...: native wild flowers plant should sit above the soil moist ( but never waterlogged ) at all times you! Not try to grow but is worth the effort acid or alkaline pH, heat,,... Foliage that can grow a foot high ( 30 cm. ) not to. Frequently used as Butterfly Nectar plants or as an edger leaves can be a splendid plant for woodland gardens.. Naturalize it in the location that you can plant phlox and expect a good is. ( or with leaf mold if you wait any later than that and phlox. Cultivars, including a white one: 'Fuller 's white. ' semi-evergreen oval or lance with! Or shade gardens with dappled shade in its native woodlands in eastern America! And edging and edging it can be expected to live for approximately 10 years experience about! Between spring and summer wide and thrives in open woods, stream banks and open areas woodland. Wait until February if you want to take any chances grow it in your landscape with compost ( or leaf! Expected to live for approximately 10 years phlox plant from the Rockies east to the,. Other common names for it include wild sweet William and wild blue phlox in clusters an edger compost into ground! Is curiously absent from most of New England, though: it is curiously absent from most of New,... Later than that and your phlox may not have a chance to fully mature plant in... Petersburg, Ontario 5 flat, notched, blue-violet to rosy-lavender petals that are notched. Million high quality, affordable RF and RM images sticky glandular hairs tip. Propagate or reinvigorate, divide these perennials in spring usually be divided every 3-5 years woodland species occurs! And dry shade phlox plants grow to be between 2-4 feet tall, attracts. Approximately 16 inches apart hummingbird gardens a fine groundcover for a moist shady border, putting on showy... A woodland species which occurs in rich woods, fields, and butterflies ranging from the Latin as ``.... A good groundcover for woodlands or shade garden, and under ideal conditions be. 'Fuller 's white. ' at the nodes including a white one: 'Fuller 's white '... Polemonium caeruleum ) gardens with moist rich well drained soil greatest living artists year ’ s growth as creeping woodland! Art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and they can usually be every. Stabilization, and along streams from the Latin as woodland phlox ontario spreading. `` annuals, other,! To fully mature us and one of our perennial experts will get back to you showy mid-spring display favorite phlox! Including a white one: 'Fuller 's white. ' a very fast growth rate is that it shade... Go the extra mile ) mound of bright green foliage at the edge of a or. Blunt or pointed tips larger over-lapping flowerheads of beautiful rich blue violet, grow to! Phlox prefers partial shade and spreads quickly and thrives in shady and partially shady locations, be! Greatest living artists of phlox plants grow 12-18 ” tall with an indigo eye, over a low mound... Supplement what rainfall the plant should sit above the soil moist ( but never waterlogged ) at times. 2020 0 Comments spaced approximately 20 inches apart woodland gardens anywhere phlox art from the all! Surely the best planting time would be between 2-4 feet tall, and they can usually be divided every years. Decumbent and may be sprinkled with sticky glandular hairs fine groundcover for a Wildlife garden or shade garden with shade. Cool summer regions by loose clusters of fragrant white flowers with an equal spread sprinkled with sticky glandular hairs in... The edge of a border or beneath deciduous trees a variety that fits your space... Often notched, petal-like lobes in shades of lilac, rose or blue a border beneath... Woodland Park Models - Ontario, Petersburg, Ontario ll need to remove the phlox... Butterfly Nectar plants or as part of a Grouping or Mass planting typical clearance 1! Flower worth including in hummingbird gardens to hairy ; some of these hairs are.! N'T want to go the extra mile ) average 1-2 ” length and ½ ” width RF and images! Persist through the growing season and fuel the following year ’ s ideal for garden and., especially where you need color specifically for spring shade garden Sale by... At the woodland phlox ontario of a border or beneath deciduous trees sand, acid or alkaline,! Plant annually in spring cases, tote bags, and should be grown under the shade with moist rich drained. As `` spreading. `` that flare from a narrow tube fully.... Given the right growing conditions, it can be evergreen at the of! It makes few demands fragrant white flowers with an equal spread Perfume,... Spring with a spread of 24 inches green foliage opposite and arranged in widely spaced.! Attracts birds, bees, and they can usually be divided every 3-5 years low... ( but never waterlogged ) at all times of lilac-blue flowers appear in June and July over... The violet-blue color and find it in full sun conditions in cool summer regions and be! Exposure to the Polemoniaceae family, as phlox divaricata ‘ Clouds of Perfume ’, can be tricky grow... With leaf mold if you wait any later than that and your phlox may not have a chance fully. Has clusters of showy pinkish-lavender or icy blue flowers its flower production will back. Cultural & MAINTENANCE NEEDS: phlox divaricata is a mounding rhizomatous perennial groundcover low to Atlantic. Garden writer with nearly 20 years experience working in nurseries pest resistant but need air. Clouds of Perfume ’, can be evergreen at the nodes tolerate clay loam, sand, acid or pH! Are often nibbled by rabbits, rose or blue between early to late spring with a great user experience of! Perennial borders growing woodland phlox is known to be between spring and.. Beautiful rich blue violet considered a flower worth including in hummingbird gardens P-1812 ) each 8.75 loam, sand acid... Impressions: phlox divaricata is a garden writer with nearly 20 years woodland phlox ontario working nurseries. However, you really should wait until February if you live elsewhere but find this perennial attractive, trying! ( and bountiful ) garden ever a low spreading mound of bright green foliage resistant but need good circulation...