Tall fescue – known by the scientific name Festuca arundinacea – is a popular turfgrass species that was introduced into America from Asia and Europe. Any material used for herbicidal control of any plant may vary in efficacy. Ease of maintenance: Chewings fescue, similarly to all fine fescues, prefers low-input environments with minimal fertility and irrigation (Beard 1973). It tolerates extreme summer temperatures better than other red fescues. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Festuca arundinacea. 2020 The Pennsylvania State University. No Mow performs best in moderate shade conditions, but may be used in cooler climates with full sun. Many growers have trouble determining if they have fine fescue vs. t… FEELA: Festuca elatior L. ssp. fine fescue for bio-diversity and soil stabilization on tees, fairways and greens. — Seeds germinate in seven to fourteen days and seedlings grow quickly. rubra – red fescue Subordinate Taxa. Tolerant of moderate salinity 5. Scientific Name Vulpia myruros ← → Other Common Names: annual fescue. These grasses are perfect for temperate and cooler regions, especially maritime and low mountainous climates. riparium. Fine Fescues have a low tolerance for traffic and wear. Festuca rubra ssp. The scientific name of Hard Fescue is the botanical name or formal name. Scientific names of various grasses listed by common names in a convinient chart. Fine fescue grass seed types described with planting areas and uses for each fescue grass. Fine Fescue Grass Identification. Winter Early Spring Spring Summer Early Fall Fall Winter Shoot Growth Root Growth Carbohydrates. species include creeping red (Festuca rubra), chewings (Festuca rubra ssp. Festuca rubra ssp. Festuca (fescue) is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the grass family Poaceae (subfamily Pooideae). Post Emergence: Asulam, Pronamide, Sulfosulfuron, Trifloxysulfuron. Multiple species: scientific name of seagrass scientific name of seagrass How do you kill tall fascue grass? Festuca rubra ssp. However, recently tall and meadow fescue were reclassified by scientists into the genus Schedonorus (see table below) although they still retain their same common name of fescue. Description: There are 4 species of fine fescues that are primarily used as turfgrass, which include Creeping red fescue ( Festuca rubra L. Hack. achillea millefolium. and ssp.) Strong Creeping Red Fescue; Hard Fescue; Chewings Fescue; Sheeps Fescue; Strong Creeping Red Fescue. Strong Creeping Red Fescue; Hard Fescue; Chewings Fescue; Sheeps Fescue; Strong Creeping Red Fescue. Fine Leaf Fescue are an older name for the popular "Turf-Type" Tall Fescues. Ligule: 1. duriuscula L. Koch, then to F. longifolia Thuill., and then F. brevipila Tracey before the most recent change to F. trachyphylla (Hackel) Krajina (Ruemmele, et al 2003). FEFE2: Festuca fenas Lag. Because this type of grass is shade-tolerant and cannot receive excessive access to sunlight, it grows slower than other grass types, meaning its recovery is slower after encountering damage or stress. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Fine fescue prefers full sunlight but will tolerate partial shade. Seed and/or rhizomes Fine Fescue Seed. and ssp. Tall Fescue. Festuca arundinacea (syn., Schedonorus arundinaceus and Lolium arundinaceum) is a species of grass commonly known as tall fescue.It is a cool-season perennial C 3 species of bunchgrass native to Europe.It is an important forage grass throughout Europe, and many cultivars have been used in agriculture. Buy fescue seed online at Seedland.com. rubra Robust and adaptable. Festuca arundinacea. Scientific names of various grasses listed by common names in a convinient chart. It is a cool-season perennial C 3 species of bunchgrass native to Europe. falax (Thuill.) Leaves are dark green, hairless, strongly ribbed and flat, to 60 cm long and 12 mm wide. These grasses are most commonly used in cooler climates. Provides good year-round production of quality feed 6. All fine-leaf fescues are bunch-type grasses except creeping red fescue, which is rhizomatous. Fine fescue grass seed types described with planting areas and uses for each fescue grass. They thrive with regular applications of either high or low-nitrogen levels of fertilizer in the spring or fall. The common name of this plant in Spanish is fétuque ovine. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. It tolerates extreme summer temperatures better than other red fescues. However, it is most productive when soil pHCa is 5.0 to 6.5. Wheatgrass, Streambank. Leaves are medium green to blue green with a fine texture. Absent In an effort to end the confusion between fine fescue and fine leaf fescue, the later name was changed. Red fescue will grow in all but the most acid or waterlogged soils. They are the most shade-tolerant lawn grasses and fairly easy to differentiate from all other grasses. Tall Fescue. Fine fescues are known as one of the most shade-tolerant turfgrasses available. commutata Gaudin), hard (Festuca ovina L.), and sheep fescue (Festuca brevipila Tracey). Fine Fescue Seed. I … arundinacea (Schreb.) , Rubra ssp. Common Name. Hence, Festuca grasses are named fescue. All fine fescues stay green year-round. ), Chewings fescue ( Festuca rubra ssp. ... Fescue - Arizona: Festuca arizonica: Fescue - Chewings: Festuca rubra var. ft.) Scientific name. Germination is rapid (five to twelve days), and seedlings establish quickly. Seedhead Color: ssp. Germination is rapid (five to twelve days), and seedlings establish quickly. © The majority of the species clump and form tufts with the exception of the red creeping varieties, which spread by rhizomes. Leaves. Tall fescues ;awns have three predominant traits that make them popular, shade tolerance (Fine fescues more so then the tall), drought resistance and staying green all year, The additional benefit of making them easy to establish via seed make Tall Fescue a popular choice in a broad region of the U.S. on herbicide usage. FERUF3. Preemergence: Pronamide, Simazine. Perennial Fibrous Fine Fescue Pictures and Facts. When referring to particular plants (and animals) we may use common names or we may use scientific names. Collar: Some, such as tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea), grow well on bare ground Fine fescues (Festuca L., Poaceae) are turfgrass species that perform well in low-input environments.Based on morphological characteristics, the most commonly-utilized fine fescues are divided into five taxa: three are subspecies within F. rubra L. and the remaining two are treated as species within the F. ovina L. complex. For Lawns: 5 pounds per 1000 square feet 220 pounds per acre For Low Maintenance Fields, Orchards, etc: 2½ pounds per 1000 square feet 110 pounds per acre Areas that are intended to be low maintenance fields rather than lawns can be seeded at one half the normal lawn seeding rate. Argillochloa W.A.Weber — tall fescue, fine fescue . Creepin red fescue, slender creeping red fescue, chewings fescue, hard fescue, blue fescue are all types of fine fescue grass. , Hesperochloa (Piper) Rydb. Common name. The common name of this plant in Spanish is fétuque ovine. Biology: Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is perennial grass that can be both desirable as a lawn species when using improved cultivars or undesirable when forage-type (wide-bladed) tall fescue plants a contaminant other primary species in a lawn. The scientific name of Hard Fescue is the botanical name or formal name. Auricles: Because the term “fine fescue” can apply to numerous types of turfgrass, its spread can vary. rubra: Fescue - Foxtail: Festuca megalura: Fescue - Hard: Festuca longifolia: Scientific name. Privacy and Legal Statements Festuca is the genus (first word in scientific name) for fescue species. They are identifiable by their thin, folded blades that are usually not veined. Fine fescue is a name that covers several species with similar features. Fine fescues are most successfully blended with other cool-season grasses. Tall fescue can tolerate soil acidity below pHCa 4.8, and moderately high levels of soil aluminium (up to 20% of CEC). Does not frost off in winter as readily as phalaris and cocksfoot Tall Fescue. Strong Creeping Red Fescue; Hard Fescue; Chewings Fescue; Sheeps Fescue; Strong Creeping Red Fescue. The membranous ligule, between stem and leaf is 0.5-2 mm long. Festuca rubra L. ssp. Dumort. The word “fine” refers to leaf blade width and texture when compared to the traditional Turf-type Tall variety. Hence, Festuca ’s are name Fescue. They are evergreen or herbaceous perennial tufted grasses with a height range of 10–200 cm (4–79 in) and a cosmopolitan distribution, occurring on every continent except Antarctica. Scientific Name. fine fescue for bio-diversity and soil stabilization on tees, fairways and greens. Greenish white to purplish white. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. FEELA2: Festuca elatior L. var. Festuca rubra L. ssp. Accessibility A tufted perennial grass growing to 200 cm high. LOAR10: Lolium arundinaceum (Schreb.) nitrogen per 1,000 sq. Scientific names are the same name for the same organism no matter where on the planet you are, no matter what language you speak. Festuca arundinacea (syn., Schedonorus arundinaceus and Lolium arundinaceum) is a species of grass commonly known as tall fescue. Buy fescue seed online at Seedland.com. Display as: Festuca brachyphylla – alpine fescue Origin: Native ... Festuca filiformis – fine-leaf sheep fescue Origin: Introduced from Europe Flowers: May - August. Several species are important pasture and fodder grasses, and a few are used in lawn mixtures. Are you thoroughly confused now? Drymochloa Holub and ssp.) The No Mow turf will take longer to develop at this lower seeding rate, but will typically fill in to form a sod within one full year. Chewings fescue does not Four grass types that are commonly called “fine Fescues” are; Creeping Red Fescue, Chewing Fescue, Hard Fescue. Leaf: Ridges on upper surface; smooth on lower surface. Fine fescue seed is medium in size with about 400,000 seeds per pound. commutata: Fescue - Creeping Red: Festuca rubra var. Please read the full It thrives in humid temperate regions, where it can grow up to about 16-inches. Any material used for herbicidal control of any plant may vary in efficacy. Common & Botanical Turfgrass Names. Leaves can be up to 6 inches long and 0.5 to 1.5 mm wide. Narrow, continuous Also, there are several pesticides that are safe to apply to some turfgrass species, but not others. Chewings Fescue Botanical Name Festuca rubra var. Please note: one or more of these active ingredients may exist in combination-type brand name products. Poaceae. Nyman, database artifact. Tolerant of wet/poorly drained soils 4. commutata Gaudin), hard (Festuca ovina L.), and sheep fescue (Festuca brevipila Tracey).All fine-leaf fescues are bunch-type grasses except creeping red fescue, which is rhizomatous. Hence, Festuca’s are name Fescue. While tall fescue has used the above scientific name consistently for over 60 years, it is now being classified by scientists formally as Schedonorus arundinaceus (Schreb.) Darbyshire; formerly = Festuca arundinacea Schreb.). Wimm. Tall fescue tolerates wet soils and short periods of flooding, but also has moderate drought tolerance. However, recently tall fescue [ Schedonorus arundinaceus (Schreb.) Vernation: commutata: Fescue - Creeping Red: Festuca rubra var. Festucaria Heist. agropyron dasystachyum var. However, most fescue pastures in north Georgia are moderately stocked and are on marginal sites that will receive no benefit from N applications in excess of 50 lbs of N per acre. Due to their superb shade tolerance and ability to recuperate from stresses, fine fescues … Fine fescues are some of the most fine-textured turfgrasses available. Tall Fescue has a variable texture - old varieties are quiet coarse, while new(er) varieties are medium- to fine … Amphigenes Janka Common names are names given by local people to refer to plants and animals. Tall Fescue and Hard Fescue in Spanish is also different. Propagation: Festuca arundinacea. ... Fescue - Chewings: Festuca rubra var. Creeping bent grass is also cold-hardy. commutata Gaudin), Sheep fescue ( Festuca ovina L.), and Hard fescue ( Festuca … Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta ... Festuca rubra L. ssp. Scientific names, on the other hand, are unique plant and animal names that are used the world over by people such as scientists, horticulturalists, environmental managers and knowledgeable citizens. Culture Red fescue is a fine-leaved turfgrass that does well in part shade and grows best in cool climates as in the coastal northwest, Great Lakes area or at high elevations. Adapted to a wide range of soil types 3. Tall Fescue in Spanish is known as Festuca arundinacea and Hard Fescue in Spanish is known as fétuque ovine. Slender creeping red fescue is a name widely used in the amenity trade to categorise the functional types which are most suited to creating fine lawns; these often are not definitively classified to subspecies, some indeed are probably slender forms of F.rubra ssp rubra. and Sheep Fescue. disclaimer commutata Min Zone 3 Height Maintain at 2.5 to 4 inches Light Full sun to shade Soil Well-drained to dry Planting & Care. Recently, fine fescues have gained popularity for their low-input needs, shade tolerance, and sustainability. S.J. The Scientific Name of Tall Fescue ; ... Cold-hardy creeping grasses include tall and fine fescue, Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass. agropyron smithii. Fine Fescues are the types listed on this page, while Fine Leaf Fescue is an older name for "'Turf-Type' Tall Fescue". It tolerates extreme summer temperatures better than other red fescues. Penn State Hotlines Festuca (fescue) is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the grass family Poaceae (subfamily Pooideae).They are evergreen or herbaceous perennial tufted grasses with a height range of 10–200 cm (4–79 in) and a cosmopolitan distribution, occurring on every continent except Antarctica. species include creeping red (Festuca rubra), chewings (Festuca rubra ssp. Growth Habit: Rhizomatous or bunch-type. ex Fabr., Leucopoa Griseb., Once called Festuca duriuscula, it was then assigned to F. ovina var. (also = Lolium arundinaceum (Schreb.) Growth Habit: Fine fescue is a common term used to describe a number of morphologically similar Festuca species having agronomic importance as turf. rubra: Fescue - Foxtail: Festuca megalura: Fescue - Hard: Festuca longifolia: Fescue - Idaho: Festuca idahoensis: fallax (Thuill.) The common fine fescues now used in shade and low-maintenance lawn mixes contain chewings, as well as creeping red and hard fescue. Nyman – Chewing's fescue. Fine fescue (Festuca sp. No Mow exhibits a fine-textured unmowed lawn creating a wavy dunes or meadow effect. , Folded Tall Fescue • Scientific name: Fine fescue is an umbrella term for several different types of turfgrasses including chewings fescue, creeping red fescue, hard fescue, sheep fescue and more. and ssp.) Native Seed for Reclamation Projects: Sorted by Scientific Name. Wheatgrass, Northern. Membranous, short Fine Fescue Seed. Tall fescue pastures that are on productive sites can benefit from up to 100 lbs of N per acre and support a high stocking rate. The leaves are dull underneath with keeled tips. In an effort to end the confusion between fine fescue and fine leaf fescue, the later name was changed. All fine fescues stay green year-round. — Monocot. "tm Habit. Darbyshire: tall fescue SCPH: Schedonorus phoenix (Scop.) Leaves are dark green, hairless, strongly ribbed and flat, to 60 cm long and 12 mm wide. Fine fescue (Festuca sp. The 5 varieties are often sold as a blended seed mix for better turf vigor. DLF Pickseed offers one of the industry's widest selection of native and adapted grass species whether for reclamation sites, roadsides, slope/erosion control or for aesthetic enhancement. centipedegrass, St. Augustinegrass, bermudagrass . These types of turf are all winter-hardy plants that blend well with other cool-season grass seeds. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Consequently, It is often used on blends for shady areas. It is also an ornamental grass in gardens, and a phytoremediation plant. Please note: one or more of these active ingredients may exist in combination-type brand name products. Fine fescues have fine to very fine leaf texture and are generally considered to be shade tolerant, drought tolerant, and require little to no additional inputs of fertilizer or supplemental irrigation (Ruemmele et al., 1995). If you apply a herbicide that is safe only on Kentucky bluegrass to a fine fescue lawn, serious damage could result and you may have to replace the lawn. Grows in dense clumps with leaves arising from stem base (looks similar to fine fescue) can reach 1 to 2 feet in heighth. agropyron dasystachyum. Yarrow. , Dumort. Common name. Information and resources for the Ag Sciences community. FEUE: Festuca uechtritziana Wiesb. Fine fescue includes many species of fescues which all have similar appearances and growth habits. No Mow Fine Fescue Blend combines the strengths of three fine fescue grasses for outstanding performance on both slope and shade areas. Scientific name. Fine fescue (Festuca sp. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Common name. The only thing I have found that will kill tall fescue or creeping fescue is "Roundup. fescue cultivar ‘Sandpiper’ was among the top 6 fine fescue cultivars showing high seedling vigor (Bertin et al. While fine fescues prefer a drier soil, they are relatively tolerant of drought conditions—especially in their early life. Hellerochloa Rauschert However, recently tall and meadow fescue were reclassified by scientists into the genus Schedonorus (see table below) although they still retain their same common name of fescue. Leiopoa Ohwi, Nabelekia Roshev., Patzkea G.H.Loos, Life cycle: Latin Name: Festuca sp. Common names may be totally different from one country to another, from one state to another, and even from one county to another. They gradually lose this tolerance as they mature due to their habit of building up thatch, which can make uniform irrigation a challenge. ; synonym = Lolium arundinaceum (Schreb.) However, some growers use the botanical name Lolium arundinaceum. Scientific Name Other Common Names; FEAR3: Festuca arundinacea Schreb. Bluegrass is often mixed in for its lush green color and quick spread while perennial ryegrass can help your lawn bounce back after stressors like traffic and weather. The name Festuca arundinacea is widely used and recognised within the agricultural, veterinary and scientific communities, as well as within lawn care and landscaping businesses, so that any further name changes would be hard to establish (Soreng et al., 2001). Call Green Lawn Fertilizing today at 888-581-5296 and let's talk about how we can help you with The Fine Fescues and other turfgrass. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Fine fescues are some of the most fine-textured turfgrasses available. species include creeping red (Festuca rubra), chewings (Festuca rubra ssp. rubra Robust and adaptable. Turfgrass Identification. arundinacea (Schreb.) 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Per pound the genus and species seagrass scientific name is the botanical name Festuca Schreb... Exception of the fescue family holes in the grass sward very quickly meaning it grows in bunches well other... Are actually improved fine fescue scientific name of tall fescue leaf blade width and texture when to... Recently tall fescue or creeping fescue is a species of grass commonly known as tall fescue tolerates wet soils short! Fascue grass © 2020 the Pennsylvania State University... Festuca rubra L..! Is its tolerance for traffic and wear where it can be up to about 16-inches ribbed and flat, 60.