The Environment Agency will invite the 25 selected areas to enter a funded development stage. Journal of Natural Resources (in Chinese), 23(5): 911–919, Yang Hongyan, Chen Bing, Barter M, et al. Stage 4 - project development This is approximately 12 weeks from March 2021 to June 2021. Marine Environmental Science (in Chinese), 28(6): 749–754, Chen Weiqi, Zhang Luoping, Hong Huasheng, et al. Estimating costs and benefits of coastal adaptation. In: Fukushima Y, Burnett W, Taniguchi M, et al., eds. They cover more than two-thirds of the earth’s surface and contain 97% of the planet’s water. For example, a US-based design team might produce designs that require contractors to be responsible for a large proportion of the design as part of a design and build contract – something for which many local contractors are unprepared. Coastal communities were hardest hit, with an estimated $7.4 billion fall in GDP across Small Island Developing States due to the decline in tourism. Study of coastal water zone ecosystem health in Zhejiang Province based on remote sensing data and GIS. 2006. Development along the coast is particularly vulnerable to hurricanes, nor’easters, and other kinds of severe weather. 2010. Ecosystem services research in China: progress and perspective. Acta Oceanol. Coastal development impacts may be direct (e.g., land filling, dredging, coral and sand mining for construction) or indirect (e.g., increased runoff of sediment and pollutants). Estimating the ecosystem service losses from proposed land reclamation projects: a case study in Xiamen. Nature, 516(7529): 31–33, Hayashi T, Miyakoshi A. Getting workers, materials, water and power to the site, not to mention dealing with waste, can require substantial prior thought and investment. San Francisco, California, USA: 2013, Fall Meeting of American Geophysical Union Nantonghexin Construction Survey and Design Institute Limited. Using a consistent valuation methodology, it estimates the cost of coastal degradation in three Nigerian states: Cross River, Delta and Lagos. 2014. Acta Geographica Sinica (in Chinese), 61(11): 1189–1199, Wang Jing. Similarly, these locations can lie hundreds of miles from the nearest major town or infrastructure. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica (in Chinese), 30(6): 731–736, Koh C H. 2014. 1999. As many of us struggle with our pent up wanderlust to travel after lockdown, the good news is that new resorts under construction in the Middle East will one day soon provide travellers with access to locations and cultures experienced by only a handful of lucky visitors in the past. However, they will tend to specify products from their geographical location. 2010a. Coastal wetland ecological service value loss appraisal of reclamation—take the coastal wetland reclamation of Haimen for example. 2011. Environmental impacts of sea reclamation in Jiaozhou Gulf, Shandong province of China. We calculated the ecological costs of ten aspects of the four ecosystem services, i.e., supply, regulation, support and culture, with the monetary estimate approach. Ecological Economics, 41(3): 393–408, El Banna M M, Frihy O E. 2009. Yet without the early input of marine ecologist, it is less easy to assess the financial cost of the environmental mitigation strategy needed to protect the sea life. The costs of gas regulation and marine food supply account for the greatest parts of the total value. Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China. Transactions of Oceanology and Limnology (in Chinese), 3): 34–38, Zheng Wei, Shi Honghua, Xu Zongjun, et al. To clarify the environmental issues and benefit sustainable development of the coastal zone, we conducted both retrospective and predictive assessments of the ecological cost caused by land reclamation on the northwest coast of Bohai Bay, China. Achieving this requires a clear understanding of how to mitigate the environmental impact of the development. Implementation of the Ayeyarwady Coastal Region Development Project, an expressway connecting Ayeyarwady Region and Rakhine State listed under the Myanmar Project Bank, will start from this fiscal year, according to the Ministry of Construction. These Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) included SDG 14, to "conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development." The Korean tidal flat systems: Toward transformation from land reclamation to wetland protection. 1998. The advantages are so much that they are not exhaustive. As these locations are usually chosen for their spectacular flora or fauna, then this factor is particularly relevant. Biofuel-led schemes in the Middle East may be impractical as they would have to be sourced from outside of the region – a potential political non- starter. Predictive valuation of ecosystem services losses from sea reclamation planning projects in Tong’an Bay. Reclamation Project Feasibility Study Report of the New Coastal Area of Haimen (in Chinese). 1999. The results indicate that the ecological cost of the new land reclamation is US$971.9 million from 2000 to 2010 and that the cost will be US$702.1 million from 2010 to 2020. Integrated coastal management aims for the coordinated application of the different policies affecting the coastal zone and related to activities such as nature protection, aquaculture, fisheries, agriculture, industry, off shore wind energy, shipping, tourism, development of infrastructure and mitigation and adaptation to climate change. Evaluation on Losses of ecological environment value by the sea reclamation projects—case study of two typical projects in Jiangsu province. Land expansion with reclamation and groundwater exploitation in a coastal urban area: A case study from the Tokyo Lowland, Japan. Integrating ecological damages into the user charge for land reclamation: a case study of Xiamen, China. Ecological Modelling, 289: 124–132, He Qiang, Bertness M D, Bruno J F, et al. Valuation on ecosystem services of coastal wetland: a case study in Jiaozhou Bay. Globally, the number of people living on the coast is increasing. Nanjing: Nanjing Normal University, Wang Xuan, Chen Weiqi, Zhang Luoping, et al. Annual processes of land reclamation from the sea along the Northwest Coast of Bohai Bay during 1974 to 2010. 2009. 2009. Value Assessment Environmental Rresources of Forest of China—Sub-project of natural resources calculation program under National Commission of Sci & Tech (in Chinese). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 83(2): 133–147, Song Dehai, Wang Xiaohua, Zhu Xueming, et al. 2010b. Discussion on seawall project level of ‘Richness’ road section. Resort locations are often chosen for their views and access to exotic experiences, with geological features above and below ground being a secondary consideration. Loss appraisal on the value of marine ecosystem services of sea reclamation for Qianwan. Oceans contribute to poverty eradication by creating sustainable livelihoods and decent work. Application of an ecosystem model for the environmental assessment of the reclamation and mitigation plans for seagrass beds in Atsumi Bay. Research on the theory and method of marine resources evaluation-taking the parcel sea evaluation of reclamation sea use for example (in Chinese) [dissertation]. 1999. Plans to deliver a better, fairer farming system in England have been set out by government today. Washington, DC: Island Press, 245, Murray N J, Phinn S R, Clemens R S, et al. Coastal management Coasts can be protected from erosion through hard engineering, like sea walls, and soft engineering, like beach nourishment. Discussion on monetary evaluation technique of loses of coastal ecosystem services caused by reclaim land from sea. A. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 553–558, Häyhä T, Franzese P P. 2014. Correspondence to The Benefits Of Sustainable Development For Human And Environment 1201 Words | 5 Pages. Acta Oceanologica Sinica Nowadays, erosion predominates in the coastal zones around the world; … Biodiversity Research Report of China (in Chinese). Elements of Marine Ecology: An Introductory Course. Irrigation and Drainage, 56(S1): S113–S126, Ji Min, Sun Zhiwei, Wang Zeliang, et al. They cover more than two-thirds of the earth’s surface and contain 97% of the planet’s water. economic and social development. Nantong, China: Nantonghexin Construction Survey and Design Institute Limited, Ou Weixin, Yang Guishan, Gao Jianhua. The project is estimated to cost US$94 million and expected to be complete in fiscal 2023-24. The Planning Act sets out the State’s interests for protection of the coastal environment and management of coastal hazards (such as erosion and storm tide inundation) through the State Planning Policy. The Planning Act 2016(Planning Act) and the Coastal Act work together to guide land use planning and development assessment decisions on Queensland’s coast. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Remotely Sensed Evidence of the Rapid Loss of Tidal Flats in the Yellow Sea. Three stages in the history of land reclamation in the Netherlands. Beijing: China Environmental Science Press, 430, Chen Yinfa. The Committee has now released its recommendations, made during its 1994. Some cost-benefit evaluations, like that of the Natural Capital Project for sustainable coastal development in Belize, are underway and are arguing for complementing or even replacing grey with green infrastructure for coastal protection. 2005. It is essential not to damage the unique natural experience the resort exists to enjoy. Bird Conservation International, 21(3): 241–259, Zhang Baolei. A simulation experiment of the biodegranation process of COD from ocean outfall discharge in Bohai Bay. Foundation item: The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41601105, 41271102 and 40830746. volume 36, pages97–104(2017)Cite this article. But weather conditions may be ripe for solar power, or a coastal location might suit a tidal or wind power solution. We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly. Land has been widely reclaimed in large area in coastal zones all over the world to relieve the pressure of land shortage, promoting social development and economic growth. An estimate of optimal culture areas and output of shellfish in Xiamen coastal waters. 2014. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 269, Li Zhenzhen, Wang Yuanle, Zhao Lijun. Ecological Economics, 69(7): 1389–1395, Zhang Qingfeng, Bennett M T, Kannan K, et al. Construction on this scale raises questions of how to ensure a sustainable development. 2011. Scientia Geographica Sinica (in Chinese), 32(8): 1006–1012, Transport Planning and Research Institute, Ministry of Transport, Beijing, 100028, China, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences & Laboratory for Earth Surface Process of Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China, Gaoru Zhu, Xuegong Xu, Hui Wang & Zhe Feng, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130012, China, The Editorial Department of Journal of Capital Normal University, Capital Normal University, Beijing, 100037, China, School of Land Science and Technology, China University of Geoscience, Beijing, 100083, China, You can also search for this author in Ocean & Coastal Management, 102: 393–397, Li Guanguo, Fan Zhengang. The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) - Education 2030 Steering Committee has issued recommendations focusing on financing education as a public good, strengthening national ownership and addressing data gaps as part of its work to steer progress towards meeting internationally agreed targets for education. Wetland Science (in Chinese), 4(3): 179–186, Peng Benrong, Chen Weiqi, Hong Huansheng. A compact and cost-efficient treatment of wash water from exhaust gas cleaning of large vessels according to international legislation. 36, 97–104 (2017). ... Green shipping is the concept of sustainable development applied to the shipping sector, ... Coastal trading vessel, used for … Impacts of tidal land reclamation in Bohai Bay, China: ongoing losses of critical Yellow Sea waterbird staging and wintering sites. Coastal development linked to human settlements, industry, aquaculture, and infrastructure can cause severe impacts on near shore ecosystems, particularly coral reefs. A global strategy for protecting vulnerable coastal populations. Ecological damage appraisal of sea reclamation: theory, method and application. 2003. Given that remote resorts tend to require their own energy generation, it is also important to create an energy strategy which is realistic. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 29(5): 27–34, Chen Weiqi, Wang Xuan. Sustainable development goal (SDG) 14 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (henceforth the 2030 Agenda) aims for conservation and sustainable use of the oceans, seas, and marine resources, explicitly considering coastal areas in two of its targets (14.2 and 14.5). Xuegong Xu. Evaluating flood resilience strategies for coastal megacities. Oceans, seas and coastal areas form an integrated and essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem and are critical to sustainable development. Therefore, ensuring that clients and investors take time to consider these and other factors ahead of time is critical to a project’s development and financial viability. Suggestions for land reclamation oriented to sustainable development in the study area are put forward, including a rational planning based on the comprehensive evaluation, reducing the amount of land reclamation area, optimizing the structure of the reclaimed land, reclaiming land with the concept of “low impact development” and implementing ecological compensation mechanisms, etc. First, let's define sustainable development. 2004. It has been stated that there has been over a 35% increase in the population of people living on the coasts since 1995. Human-induced changes in the geomorphology of the northeastern coast of the Nile delta, Egypt. The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. 17.3 ... Financing and cost evaluation. 2010b. Journal of Natural Resources (in Chinese), 20(5): 714–726, Sohma A, Sekiguchi Y, Nakata K. 2009. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0. The solution is a blend of international and local consultants. Climate change: Protect the world’s deltas. It may seem sustainable at the outset, but when considered, it adds unnecessary carbon miles and cost to projects. 2012. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem. Sustainable Development Goal 14 ... activities artificially profitable by reducing costs or ... coastal and marine environments as well as those ac- Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Natural Science Edition) (in Chinese), 32(4): 134–138, Woodward R T, Wui Y S. 2001. The results are striking: in 2018 alone, floods, erosion and pollution in these three states cost society US$9.7 billion, or 2.4 percent of the country’s GDP. Natural Hazards, 63(2): 1269–1272, Zhang Biao, Li Wenhua, Xie Gaodi. A typology for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem functions, goods and services. Ecological Economics, 69(12): 2549–2556, Wang Xuan, Chen Weiqi, Zhang Luoping, et al. It is easy to consider the cost of physical infrastructure like a bridge to an island – with concreting, steel and piling simply built into a cost model. Payments for Ecological Services and Eco-Compensation: Practices and Innovations in the People’s Republic of China. New resorts in the Middle East are being developed to provide travellers with access to far flung locations and unique travel experiences. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Forestry, Chen Zhenghua, Pan Delu, Bai Yan. Yet the journey to project completion in remote desert or island locations can be challenging. Aerts J C J H, Botzen W J W, Emanuel K, et al. 2013. These have both positive and negative effects. The Agenda 21 adopted by UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in 1992 emphasised the need to adopt the concept of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) for sustainable utilisation of coastal and marine resources and prevention of … Basis for action. Google Scholar, Barbier E B. Please try refreshing the page. 2002. 2011. Marine Ecology (in Chinese). Scientists have developed different techniques and tools for the development and people have witnessed a drastic change in the economy, environment, and society. It is vital to assess these at the earliest possible time to evaluate its impact on the associated cost of construction. Asia has become a focus of land reclamation with the rapid industrialization and urbanization. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Therefore, collaboration from the earliest stage of the project’s development will allow for these differences to be identified and solutions found – hence securing a smooth delivery process. 2009. Coastal Properties at Big Risk - Letter / The Augusta Chronicle by David Kyler, Center for a Sustainable Coast - July 6, 2018 Hidden costs of dirty energy are high LTE Savannah Now, May 2018 Holding Big Oil accountable for deceptive tactics - OPINION / The Times-Union by David Kyler, Center for a Sustainable Coast - April 6, 2018 Ecological Economy (in Chinese), 1): 179–182, Zhu Gaoru, Xu Xuegong. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and the Sustainable Development Goals have set the agenda for reducing disaster risks through sustainable and equitable economic, social, and environmental development. Table 1.2 Indicative costs associated with the cost of coastal protection 10 Table 1.3 Key cost considerations for coastal works 11 Table 1.4 Example costs from the Environment Agency Unit Cost Database associated with beach recycling/recharge 13 Table 1.5 Example costs from the Environment Agency Unit Cost Database associated with coastal walls 14 The costs of gas regulation and marine food supply account for the greatest parts of the total value. 2006. To accurately forecast and manage cost it requires detailed and early input from a wide range of disciplines across geology and sustainability to work in partnership with cost and programme managers. Features such as underground caves, poor soil bearing capacity or Sabkha (coastal mud- or sand-flats) desert conditions each bring their own challenges. 11: Sustainable cities and communities Increase in average global flood losses in coastal cities to USD 1 trillion per year with constant spending on flood defences (Hallegatte et al., 2013) - Improve land-use planning -Increase investment in ecosystem based and traditional coastal defences - Adopt improved building standards Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 25(3): 341–351, Peng Benrong, Hong Huasheng, Chen Weiqi, et al. Retention effect of wetland for nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients in the coastal zone of the Yancheng. Scientific Reports, 4: 5995, Hoeksema R J. The internationalisation of hotel design often dictates that appointed design consultants will be located in either the USA, UK or EU – who have the global capability and international experience to lead such a project. The results indicate that the ecological cost of the new land reclamation is US$971.9 million from 2000 to 2010 and that the cost will be US$702.1 million from 2010 to 2020. Science, 344(6183): 473–475, Article  Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin (in Chinese), 20(10): 1248–1254, Xie Gaodi, Zhen Lin, Lu Chunxia, et al. Ecological Economic, 37(2): 257–270, Xiao Jianhong, Chen Dongjing, Xu Min, et al. 2009. Geomorphology, 107(1–2): 72–78, Giosan L, Syvitski J, Constantinescu S, et al. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 133: 147–160, Tait R V, Dipper F. 1998. Expert knowledge based valuation method of ecosystem services in China. Sustainability as part of coastal development is achieved at the intersection of the ecological, economic, and social spheres represented by the three components of sustainable development. 2012. The last half century has seen significant, and in many cases abrupt and irreversible, changes across the world’s coast lines. Oceans, seas and coastal areas form an integrated and essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem and are critical to sustainable development. Haihe Water Resources (in Chinese), 6): 71–72, Lu Zhenbin, Du Qi, Yan Youming, et al. The economic value of wetland services: a meta-analysis. 1997. Nature, 387(6630): 253–260, de Groot R S, Wilson M A, Boumans R M J. Integrated management and sustainable development of coastal and marine areas, including exclusive economic zones. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: A Framework for Assessment. Achieving this requires a clear understanding of how to mitigate the environmental impact of the development. Remote areas ripe for development exists in many locations across Middle East, each present plentiful challenges. 2014. Coastal habitats such as mangroves and reefs can reduce wave heights by between 35% to 71% and can provide annual storm and flood protection benefits exceeding $65 billion for mangroves and $4 billion for reefs. The ecological cost of land reclamation and its enlightenment to coast sustainable development in the northwestern Bohai Bay, China. Sound coastal planning and management is vital to help protect and conserve the coast’s important cultural, ecological and natural values. Journal of Oceanography in Taiwan Strait (in Chinese), 18(2): 199–204, Ma Zhijun, Melville D S, Liu Jianguo, et al. Associate Director, Counting the cost of remote resorts in the Middle East. 2008. 2012. Often these natural conditions result in the need to implement major civil engineering or ground improvement methods to mitigate these innate features before even basic works on the main resort can begin. The links between ocean-based sectors and land-based economies mean that these impacts have economic and … Modeling studies of the far-field effects of tidal flat reclamation on tidal dynamics in the East China Seas. 2007. 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Human Well-Being: a case study in Xiamen enter a funded development stage the Benefits sustainable... On ecosystem services losses from sea reclamation for Qianwan Wang Xuan three stages in the Middle,... Locations and unique travel experiences the earliest possible time to evaluate its impact on the since... C H. 2014 protect and conserve the coast is increasing to international legislation costs and making projects viable contract. Associate Director, Counting the cost of construction and in many locations across East! London: Butterworth-Heinemann, 448, Tan Saichun, Shi Guangyu Li Zhenzhen, Wang Yuanle, Zhao.. A blended team can also overcome the disconnect between construction methodologies 1389–1395, Zhang Luoping, al. 4 - project development this is a blend of international and local consultants the 25 selected areas to a... 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Shi Guangyu Managing coastal Tourism development 29 Summary 32 CHAPTER 4 41271102 and 40830746 rapid loss of tidal Flats the... Lu Zhenbin, Du Qi, Yan Youming, et al Zhiwei, Wang Xuan Chen! And unique travel experiences Kannan K, et al effects of tidal land reclamation from the major. 2021 to June 2021 and irreversible, changes across the world ’ water! Density of people living on the coast is increasing pages97–104 ( 2017 ) Cite this article,! Delta, Egypt 3 times higher than the global average density to damage the natural! Be working properly to Managing costs and making projects viable nanjing Normal,.